Mongol invasions o Japan

Frae Wikipedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Mongol invasions o Japan
Pairt o the Mongol invasion o East Asie an Kublai Khan's Campaigns
Mōko Shūrai Ekotoba.jpg
The samurai Suenaga facin Mongol an Korean arraes an bombs
Date1274, 1281
LocationNorthern Kyūshū, Japan
Result Decisive Japanese veectory
Belligerents

Japan

Mongol Empire

Commanders an leaders
Imperial Seal of Japan.svg Emperor Kameyama
Sasa Rindo.svg Prince Koreyasu
Mitsuuroko.svg Hōjō Tokimune
So clan mon2.svg Shōni Sukeyoshi
Japanese Crest daki Gyouyou.svg Ōtomo Yoriyasu
So clan mon2.svg Shōni Tsuneyasu
So clan mon2.svg Shōni Kageyasu
Japanese crest narabi Takanoha.svg Kikuchi Takefusa
Japanese crest narabi Takanoha.svgTakezaki Suenaga
Michiyasu Shiroishi
Japanese Crest Hita Suhama.svg Fukuda Kaneshige
Hidari mitsudomoe.svg Tōgō Korechika
Hida Nagamoto
Mitsui Yasunaga
So clan mon2.svg Sō Sukekuni
Ageha-cho.svg Taira no Kagetaka
Sashi Husashi
Sashi Nao
Sashi Tōdō
Sashi Isamu
Ishiji Kane
Ishiji Jirō
Japanese Crest Matura mitu Hosi.svg Yamashiro Kai
Mongol :
Kublai Khan
Holdon
Korea :
Keeng Wonjong
Kim Bang-gyeong
Strenth
1274: 2,000-6,000[1]
1281: 40,000 (?)
Reinforcements bi Rokuhara Tandai: 60,000 (nae yet arrived)
1274: a force o Mongol, Cheenese an Korean sodgers, nummerin 23,000–39,700[2]
wi 600–800 ships (300 lairge vessels an 400–500 smawer craft)
1281: twa forces o Mongol, Cheenese an Korean sodgers, nummering 100,000 an 40,000
wi 3,500 an 900 ships (respectively)
Casualties an losses
1274/1281: Meenimal

1274: 13,500[3]–22,500[citation needit]
1281: 100,000[4]–130,500[citation needit]

20,000–30,000 capturt[5]

The Mongol invasions o Japan (元寇, Genkō), that teuk place in 1274 an 1281, war major militar efforts unnertaken bi Kublai Khan tae conquer the Japanese archipelagae efter the submission o Goryeo (Korea) tae vassaldom. Ultimately a failyie, the invasion attempts are o macro-historical importance acause thay set a leemit on Mongol expansion an rank as naition-definin events in the history o Japan.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Thomas, p. 261-263; cites a variety o estimate frae various Japanese historians as weel as the author's awn.
  2. 『高麗史』巻一百四 列伝十七 金方慶「以蒙漢軍二萬五千、我軍(高麗軍)八千、梢工引海水手六千七百、戦艦九百餘艘、留合浦、以待女眞軍、女眞後期、乃發船。」
  3. 『高麗史』巻二十八 世家二十八 忠烈王一 元宗十五年(十一月)己亥(二十七日)「己亥、東征師還合浦、遣同知樞密院事張鎰勞之。軍不還者無慮萬三千五百餘人。」
  4. 『高麗史』巻二十九 世家二十九 忠烈王二 忠烈王七年閏(八)月条「是月、忻都茶丘范文虎等還元、官軍不返者、無慮十萬有幾。」
  5. 『元史』巻二百八 列傳第九十五 外夷一 日本國「(至元十八年)官軍六月入海、七月至平壷島(平戸島)、移五龍山(鷹島?)、八月一日、風破舟、五日、文虎等諸將各自擇堅好船乘之、棄士卒十餘萬于山下、衆議推張百戸者爲主帥、號之曰張總管、聽其約束、方伐木作舟欲還、七日日本人來戰、盡死、餘二三萬爲其虜去、九日、至八角島、盡殺蒙古、高麗、漢人、謂新附軍爲唐人、不殺而奴之、閶輩是也、蓋行省官議事不相下、故皆棄軍歸、久之、莫靑與呉萬五者亦逃還、十萬之衆得還者三人耳。」