Mettmann (destrict)

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Kintra Germany
StateNorth Rhine-Westphalie
Adm. regionDüsseldorf
 • Total407.09 km2 (157.18 sq mi)
 (31 December 2021)[1]
 • Total484,411
 • Density1,200/km2 (3,100/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Vehicle registrationME

Mettmann is a Kreis (destrict) in the middle o North Rhine-Westphalie, Germany. Neebourin are the Ennepe-Ruhr an the destrict-free ceeties Wuppertal, Solingen, Düsseldorf, Duisburg, Mülheim, Essen. It is the maist densely populatit rural destrict in Germany; it borders Düsseldorf Internaitional Airport in the northwastren destrict borders, on the ceety limits o Ratingen, an is near Cologne Bonn Airport an aw. It wis namit efter Mettmann, its destrict seat.

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

In the 12t century the aurie o the day's destrict became the property o the earldom Berg. When Napoleon I occupeed the aurie in 1792 it became a canton in the arrondissement Düsseldorf.

Efter the Congress o Vienna the aurie went tae Proushie in 1816 as pairt o the province Westphalie, an the first destrict Mettmann wis creatit. This destrict wis mergit frae 1820 till 1861 wi the destrict Elberfeld, which then became a ceety in its awn richt, nou it's pairt o Wuppertal. In 1877 the admeenistrative seat wis muivit tae Vohwinkel. In 1929 mair o the aurie wis gien ower tae Wuppertal, an the destrict wis mergit wi the destrict Düsseldorf (Landkreis, excludin the ceety itsel), tae form the destrict Düsseldorf-Mettmann, wi admeenistrative seat in Düsseldorf. In 1952 the seat went back tae Mettmann, an efter the last reorganization o 1975/76 the destrict got back the auld name. The ceeties Langenfeld an Monheim wur includit intae the destrict then, while Kettwig became pairt o the ceety Essen.

Geography[eedit | eedit soorce]

The destrict Mettmann is locatit juist sooth o the Ruhr, next tae the big ceety o Düsseldorf.

Points o interest[eedit | eedit soorce]

Maist famous is the valley o the sma river Düssel, the Neanderthal, whaur the fossils o the human species Neanderthals wur first foond.

Coat of arms[eedit | eedit soorce]

Coat o airms The red lion wi the blue tongue is the sign o the earldom Berg. In the black border it haes the seembols for the twa maist important industries o the destrict - the production o locks, an agricultur. The coat o airms wis designed in 1936 bi the painter an herald Pagenstecher frae Düsseldorf.

Touns an municipalities[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Erkrath
  2. Haan
  3. Heiligenhaus
  4. Hilden
  5. Langenfeld
  1. Mettmann
  2. Monheim am Rhein
  3. Ratingen
  4. Velbert
  5. Wülfrath

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "Bevölkerung der Gemeinden Nordrhein-Westfalens am 31. Dezember 2021" (in German). Landesbetrieb Information und Technik NRW. Retrieved 20 Juin 2022.

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]

Media relatit tae Kreis Mettmann at Wikimedia Commons