Metropolitan auries o Mexico

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Map showin the location o the Metropolitan Auries in Mexico.

Metropolitan auries in Mexico hae been tradeetionally defined as the group o municipalities that hivily interact wi each ither, uisually aroond a core ceety.[1] In 2004, a joint effort atween CONAPO, INEGI an the Meenistry o Social Development (SEDESOL) greeit tae define metropolitan auries as ane o the follaein:[1]

  • the group o twa or mair municipalities, in which a ceety wi a population o at least 50,000 is locatit whose urban aurie extends ower the limit o the municipality that oreeginally contained the core ceety incorporatin either physically or, unner its aurie o direct influence, ither adjacent predominantly urban municipalities, aw o which either hae a heich degree o social an economic integration or are relevant for urban politics an admeenistration; or
  • a single municipality, in which a ceety o a population o at least ane million is locatit an fully contained (that is, it does no transcend the limits o a single municipality); or
  • a ceety wi a population o at least 250,000 that forms a conurbation wi ither ceeties in the Unitit States.

Housomeivver, northwastren an sootheastren states are dividit intae a sma nummer o lairge municipalities whareas central states are dividit intae a lairge nummer o smawer municipalities. As such, metropolitan auries in the northwast uisually dae no extend ower mair than ane municipality (an figurs uisually report population for the entire municipality) whareas metropolitan auries in the center extend ower mony municipalities.

A few metropolitan auries extend ayont the limits o ane state: Greater Mexico Ceety (Federal Destrict, Mexico an Hidalgo), Puebla-Tlaxcala (Puebla an Tlaxcala, but excludes the ceety o Tlaxcala), Comarca Lagunera (Coahuila an Durango), an Tampico (Tamaulipas an Veracruz).

Leet o metropolitan auries in Mexico bi population[eedit | eedit soorce]


Thare is a total o fifty-sax metropolitan auries o Mexico as defined by the following government bodies:

Rank Metropolitan Aurie Federative Entity 2010 Pop. 2000 Pop. Change
1 Greater Mexico Ceety DF, Mexico, Hidalgo 20,137,152 18,396,677 +9.46%
2 Greater Guadalajara Jalisco 4,434,252 3,699,136 +19.87%
3 Greater Monterrey Nuevo León 4,106,054 3,374,361 +21.68%
4 Greater Puebla Puebla, Tlaxcala 2,728,790 2,220,533 +22.89%
5 Greater Toluca Mexico 1,936,126 1,451,801 +33.36%
6 Greater Tijuana Baja California 1,751,302 1,352,035 +29.53%
7 Greater León Guanajuato 1,609,717 1,269,179 +26.83%
8 Greater Juárez Chihuahua 1,495,094 1,218,817 +22.67%
9 Greater Torreón Coahuila, Durango 1,275,993 1,007,291 +26.68%
10 Greater Querétaro Querétaro 1,097,028 816,481 +34.36%
11 Greater San Luis Potosí San Luis Potosí 1,040,822 850,828 +22.33%
12 Greater Mérida Yucatán 973,046 803,920 +21.04%
13 Greater Mexicali Baja California 936,145 764,602 +22.44%
14 Greater Aguascalientes Aguascalientes 932,298 707,516 +31.77%
15 Greater Cuernavaca Morelos 875,598 738,326 +18.59%
16 Greater Acapulco Guerrero 863,438 791,558 +9.08%
17 Greater Tampico Tamaulipas, Veracruz 858,620 746,417 +15.03%
18 Greater Chihuahua Chihuahua 851,971 696,495 +22.32%
19 Greater Saltillo Coahuila 823,098 637,273 +29.16%
20 Greater Morelia Michoacán 806,822 659,940 +22.26%
21 Greater Veracruz Veracruz 801,122 642,680 +24.65%
22 Greater Villahermosa Tabasco 755,416 600,580 +25.78%
23 ReynosaGreater Río Bravo Tamaulipas 725,793 524,692 +38.33%
24 Greater Cancún Quintana Roo 676,238 431,128 +56.85%
25 Greater Xalapa Veracruz 666,268 510,410 +30.54%
26 Greater Tuxtla Chiapas 640,881 494,763 +29.53%
27 Greater Oaxaca Oaxaca 593,522 460,350 +28.93%
28 Greater Poza Rica Veracruz 513,308 443,419 +15.76%
29 Greater Pachuca Hidalgo 512,180 375,022 +36.57%
30 TlaxcalaApizaco Tlaxcala 499,504 408,401 +22.31%
31 Greater Matamoros Tamaulipas 493,308 418,141 +17.98%
32 Greater Cuautla Morelos 434,153 358,405 +21.13%
33 Greater Tepic Nayarit 429,161 342,840 +25.18%
34 Greater Orizaba Veracruz 410,372 367,021 +11.81%
35 Greater Nuevo Laredo Tamaulipas 384,018 310,915 +23.51%
36 Greater Puerto Vallarta Jalisco, Nayarit 379,934 244,536 +55.37%
37 Greater Minatitlán Veracruz 356,020 323,389 +10.09%
38 Greater Coatzacoalcos Veracruz 347,223 307,724 +12.84%
39 ColimaVilla de Álvarez Colima 333,977 210,766 +58.46%
40 MonclovaFrontera Coahuila 317,314 282,853 +12.18%
41 Greater Córdoba Veracruz 315,996 276,553 +14.26%
42 ZacatecasGuadalupe Zacatecas 298,143 232,965 +27.98%
43 Greater Tehuacán Puebla 296,894 240,507 +23.45%
44 La PiedadPénjamo Michoacán, Guanajuato 249,854 229,372 +8.93%
45 ZamoraJacona Michoacán 249,805 216,048 +15.62%
46 Greater Tulancingo Hidalgo 239,575 193,638 +23.72%
47 Greater Tula Hidalgo 205,848 169,901 +21.16%
48 Greater Guaymas Sonora 203,442 180,316 +12.83%
49 Greater San Francisco del Rincón Guanajuato 182,330 145,017 +25.73%
50 Greater Piedras Negras Coahuila 180,701 151,149 +19.55%
51 Greater Tehuantepec Oaxaca 161,343 145,567 +10.84%
52 Greater Tecomán Colima 141,465 127,863 +10.64%
53 Greater Ocotlán Jalisco 141,365 125,027 +13.07%
54 Greater Rioverde San Luis Potosí 135,423 128,935 +5.03%
55 Greater Acayucan Veracruz 112,999 102,992 +9.72%
56 MoroleónUriangato Guanajuato 108,648 100,063 +8.58%

Transnational conurbations[eedit | eedit soorce]

The Mexico–U.S. border separates densely populated Tijuana, Mexico (right), frae San Diego, Unitit States (left). The 2,000-mile border shared atween Mexico an the U.S. is the maist frequently crossed internaitional border in the warld, wi 250 million legal crossins ivery year.[2][3]
A 3D rendered image o the Nuevo Laredo - Laredo Metropolitan Aurie, a bi-naitional urban agglomeration dividit bi the Rio Grande.

The Unitit States shares a 2,000-mile (3,000 km) border wi Mexico. The 2,000 miles is the maist frequently crossed internaitional border in the warld, wi aboot 250 million legal crossin ivery year.[2] The distribution o population an urban population in Mexico haes been chyngit significantly bi the economic interaction atween dounsets in its north an the Unitit States (U.S.). The increasin population concentration in the north o Mexico is strangly associatit wi the development o the maquila industries thare an the eventual economic effects o North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA).[4] Metropolitan auries locatit at the border wi the U.S. form transnaitional conurbations wi deep economic an demografic interaction. For example, the San Dieg-Tijuana metropolitan aurie consists o San Diego Coonty in the U.S. an the municipalities o Tijuana, Playas de Rosarito, an Tecate in Mexico. The total population o the region haes been estimatit tae be juist ower 5 million in 2009, makkin it bi far the lairgest bi-naitional metropolitan aurie shared atween the U.S. an Mexico.[5] The Naitional Population Cooncil (CONAPO) recognises the existence o such metropolitan auries and defines them as the municipalities that contain a ceety o at least 200,000 inhabitants which share processes o conurbation wi ceeties o the U.S.[1]

Rank Metropolitan aurie Mexican State American State Population
1 Tijuana - San Diego Baja California Californie 5,009,170[5]
2 El Paso - Juarez Chihuahua Texas 2,461,538[5]
3 Reynosa - McAllen Tamaulipas Texas 1,700,000[5]
4 Matamoros - Brownsville Tamaulipas Texas 1,136,995[5]
5 Mexicali - Calexico Baja California Californie 956,223[5]
6 Nuevo Laredo - Laredo Tamaulipas Texas 747,494[5]
7 Nogales - Nogales Sonora Arizona 234,809[nb 1]
8 Piedras Negras - Eagle Pass Coahuila Texas 230,205[nb 2]
9 San Luis Río Colorado - San Luis Sonora Arizona 188,152[nb 3]
10 Ciudad Acuña - Del Río Coahuila Texas 183,750[nb 4]

Megalopolis o central Mexico[eedit | eedit soorce]

Central Mexico Megalopolis

A megalopolis is defined as a lang chain o continuous metropolitan auries, or territories that are relatively integratit amangst each ither, a clear example o which is the Northeast Megalopolis in the Unitit States. In 1996, the Programa General de Desarollo Urbano del Distrito Federal first proposed this concept tae refer tae the megalopolis o central Mexico, which wis later expandit bi PROAIRE, a metropolitan commission on the environment.[6] A megalopolis, is kent in Spainyie as a corona regional de ciudades ("regional ring o ceeties"). The Megalopolis o central Mexico wis defined tae be integratit bi the metropolitan auries o Mexico Ceety, Puebla, Cuernavaca, Toluca an Pachuca, which mey conform complex subregional rings thairsels an aw (i.e. Greater Puebla conformin a regional ring wi Atlixco, San Martín Texmelucan, Tlaxcala an Apizaco). The megalopolis o central Mexico is integratit bi 173 municipalities (91 o the state o Mexico, 29 o the state o Puebla, 37 o the state o Tlaxcala, 16 o Morelos an 16 o Hidalgo) an the 16 burghs o the Federal Destrict,[6] wi an approximate total population o amaist 25 million fowk.

See an aw[eedit | eedit soorce]

Notes[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Sum o legal residents o Nogales, Sonora (213,976) an Nogales, Arizona (20,833).
  2. Sum o legal residents o Eagle Pass Metropolitan Area's population (48,401) an Piedras Negras, Coahuila (154,360).
  3. Sum o legal residents o San Luis Río Colorado, Sonora (164,342) an San Luis, Arizona (23,810).
  4. Sum o legal residents o Ciudad Acuña, Coahuila (135,605) an Del Rio, Texas (46,682).

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 s/espanol/metodologias/otras/zonas_met.pdf CONAPO Áreas Metropolitanas
  2. 2.0 2.1 David M. Bridgeland, Ron Zahavi. Business Modeling: A Practical Guide to Realizing Business Value. Morgan Kaufmann, 2000. p. 134. ISBN 0-12-374151-3.
  3. "Borders and Law Enforcement". U.S. Embassy Mexico. Retrieved 8 December 2009. 
  4. Michael Pacione. Urban geography: a global perspective. Routledge, 2005. p. 105. ISBN 0-415-34305-4.
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 5.6 "Metropolitan areas in the Americas". World Gazetteer. Archived frae the oreeginal on 2007-10-01. Retrieved 8 December 2009. 
  6. 6.0 6.1 Área metropolitana del Valle de México PROAIRE

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]