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Test launch in 2011
TeepAir defence sestem
Place o oreeginIran
Service history
In serviceSince 2010
Uised biIran
Production history
ProducedSince 2010
VariantsMersad, Mersad Phase I, Mersad Phase II (Under Development)
WechtShalamche: 636 kg
 lenthShalamche: 5030 mm
DiameterShalamche: 356 mm

3x Shahin or Shlamche Missiles
IngineSolid propellant rocket engine
Shahin: 45 km (30 miles)[1]

Shalamche: 40 km

Phase II: ~60 km (Planned)
SpeedMore than Mach 2.4, Shalamche: Mach 3
Semi-active radar homing

Mersad (Persian: Ambush) is an Iranian low tae mid range air defense seestem developed in 2010.[2] It fires Shahin (Falcon) missiles which are reverse engineered, domestically upgradit versions of the American MIM-23 Hawk surface-tae-air missiles. It uises a series of domestically produced Radars and Electronic Devices.[3]

Development[eedit | eedit soorce]

In 2010, Iran annoonced that it haed launched the production line of a new air defence seestem named, Mersad, which incorporates Shahin missiles.[2][3][4][5] It wis said that the system conseests of different target tracing and tracking radars, saft and hairdware networks, launch pads for Shahin missiles and a command and control center. Iranian defense meenister Ahmad Vahidi said that the Mersad air defence sestem haes superior capabilities and includes mair capabilities than its wastren rivals like the Hawk mid-range defence seestem. Vahidi reiteratit that Mersad is resistant taw electronic warfare and can be uised as pairt of a network of radar and air defence seestems[4] and is fully digital.[2] The Shahin missile is an impruived reverse-engineered version of US-made MIM-23 Hawk surface-tae-air missile sold tae Iran before the 1979 revolution.[6]

Some months later, Iran announced that it haes increased the range and altitude of the missile defenc seestem.[7] Vahidi also notit that the new seestem can awso engage mair targets at the same time.[7]

In November 2010, Iranian air force colonel Faramarz Ruh Afza said that Mersad haes a limitit ability tae intercept ballistic missiles.[8] That same day, the commander of Khatam al anbia base, Ahmad Miqani, said that Iran is wirking on the improving the Mersad with the seicont phase including double range and altitude.[9][10]

Iran testit the Mersad twa days efter Miqani's speech in an Air Defence Wargemme called Defenders of the Skies of Velayat III. In this test, Iran shot down a UAV uising its Mersad Air Defence Seestem.[11]

Also in April 18, 2011, Iran testit twa ither missiles of Mersad frae a steid in Semnan. Later it wis annoonced that the missiles were not Shahin. But a further upgraded one called Shalamche.[12][13] Iranian Defense minister Ahmad Vahidi statit that the speed is now about mach 3 with an increase of about mach 0.6 . He called the missile state of airt because of its new electronics which made it heichly resistance tae Electronic warfare. He said that the range of this missile is about 40 km and it is going to be increased.[14]

Later On May 16, Iran testit the new missile again in an air defence war gemme in eastren Iran.[15]

According tae Iranian offercials, the maist important factors of new Mersad Phase I sestem are increase in range and a new advanced algorithm for guiding the missile intae its target.[16]

On September 4, Iran annoonced that Shalamche missile is now being delivered tae Iranian Air Defence Force.[17]

On November 14, 2012, The Shalamcheh missile wis fired frae the Mersad air defecse seestem at a Karrar (UCAV), which wis destroyed, during the Defenders of the Skies of Velayat 4 drill.[18]

In February 2017, a modifeed version of Mersad seestem wis test fired during the Defenders of the Skies of Velayat in Semnan province alongside two ither Air defence seestems. Based on reports new Mersad system can hit its targets in 35 miles away.[19][20]

Radars[eedit | eedit soorce]

Mersad uises four radars. The PAR radar, called Kavosh, is an upgradit copy of the oreeginal AN/MPQ-50. The maximum range is increasit tae 150 km and an IFF system is added taw the radar. A new CWAR called Jouiya is used tae detect low altitude targets. The HPIR radar, called Hadi, is an upgradit version of AN/MPQ-46 with an additional EO sestem attached tae it. There is awso a new supplemental HPIR radar. All of the radars use solid state electronics tae haeve more resistance tae electronic warfare and can be linked tae the other Mersad seestems.[21][22]

The Hadi radar haes equipped with an Electro-optical seestem in order tae detecting and tracking of targets when the battlefield is affectit by heivy jamming.

The Mersad seestem detection range is 150 km and it can lock on targets in 80 km distance. Also it can detect targets with RCS about 0.5 square meter in range of 110 km. In addition Mersad can engage at least with 2 targets simultaneously.[1]

Also Iran developed a new phased array radar named Hafez for Mersad seestem. Hafez is a 3D radar with 250 km range and ability of tracking 100 targets simultaneously.[23]

Variants[eedit | eedit soorce]

  • Mersad: Basic variant. Uoses the first generation of Shahin missiles.
  • Mersad Phase I: Seicont variant. Testit on October 2010, this variant haes a heicher range and altitude. It is awso capable of engaging mair targets simultaneously.[7]
  • Mersad Phase II: Third variant. This variant is currently unner development. It will haeve double the range and altitude as comparit tae the basic Mersad.[9][10]
  • Unknown Designation:Uises Shalamche missiles instead of Shahin.

Operators[eedit | eedit soorce]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. 1.0 1.1
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 "Archived copy". Archived frae the oreeginal on 2011-09-27. Retrieved 2010-11-19. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)CS1 maint: archived copy as teetle (link)
  3. 3.0 3.1
  4. 4.0 4.1 "Archived copy". Archived frae the oreeginal on 2010-06-16. Retrieved 2010-11-19. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)CS1 maint: archived copy as teetle (link)
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2
  9. 9.0 9.1
  10. 10.0 10.1
  22. "Archived copy". Archived frae the oreeginal on 2013-12-19. Retrieved 2013-12-18. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)CS1 maint: archived copy as teetle (link)
  23. "40 types of Iranian Radars". Mashregh News Agancy.[deid airtin]

Freemit Airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]