Menopause

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Menopause
SynonymsClimacteric
Ukara cloth.jpg
An Ukara Ekpe textile frae the Igbo cultur that is secretly dyed bi post-menopausal weemen.[1]
SpecialtyGynaecology
SymptomsNa menstrual periods for a year[2]
Uisual onset49 an 52 years o age[3]
CausesUisually a naitural chynge, surgery that remuives baith ovaries, some teeps o chemotherapy[4][5]
TreatmentNane, lifestyle chynges[6]
MedicationMenopausal hormone therapy, clonidine, gabapentin, selective serotonin reuptak inhibitors[6][7]

Menopause, an aa kent as the climacteric, is the time in maist weemen's lives whan menstrual periods stap permanently, an thay are na langer able tae beir childer.[2][8] Menopause teepically occurs atween 49 an 52 years o age.[3] Medical perfaisionals eften define menopause as haein occurred whan a wumman haes nae haed ony vaginal bleedin for a year.[4] It mey an aa be defined bi a decrease in hormone production bi the ovaries.[9]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Chuku, Gloria (2005). Igbo women and economic transformation in southeastern Nigeria, 1900–1960. Paragraph 3: Routledge. p. 73. ISBN 0415972108. Archived frae the oreeginal on 19 Mey 2016. Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (help)CS1 maint: location (link)
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Menopause: Overview". Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development. 28 Juin 2013. Archived frae the oreeginal on 2 Apryle 2015. Retrieved 8 Mairch 2015. Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (help)
  3. 3.0 3.1 Takahashi, TA; Johnson, KM (May 2015). "Menopause". The Medical clinics of North America. 99 (3): 521–34. doi:10.1016/j.mcna.2015.01.006. PMID 25841598.
  4. 4.0 4.1 "What is menopause?". Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development. 28 Juin 2013. Archived frae the oreeginal on 19 Mairch 2015. Retrieved 8 Mairch 2015. Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (help)
  5. "What causes menopause?". Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development. 6 Mey 2013. Archived frae the oreeginal on 2 Apryle 2015. Retrieved 8 Mairch 2015. Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (help)
  6. 6.0 6.1 "What are the treatments for other symptoms of menopause?". Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development. 28 Juin 2013. Archived frae the oreeginal on 20 Mairch 2015. Retrieved 8 Mairch 2015. Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (help)
  7. Krause, MS; Nakajima, ST (March 2015). "Hormonal and Nonhormonal Treatment of Vasomotor Symptoms". Obstetrics and Gynecology Clinics of North America. 42 (1): 163–179. doi:10.1016/j.ogc.2014.09.008. PMID 25681847.
  8. "Menopause: Overview". PubMedHealth. 29 August 2013. Archived frae the oreeginal on 10 September 2017. Retrieved 8 Mairch 2015. Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (help)
  9. Sievert, Lynnette Leidy (2006). Menopause : a biocultural perspective ([Online-Ausg.] ed.). New Brunswick, N.J.: Rutgers University Press. p. 81. ISBN 9780813538563. Archived frae the oreeginal on 10 September 2017. Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (help)