Menopause

Frae Wikipedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Menopause
Synonyms Climacteric
Ukara cloth.jpg
An Ukara Ekpe textile frae the Igbo cultur that is secretly dyed bi post-menopausal weemen.[1]
Specialty Gynaecology
Symptoms Na menstrual periods for a year[2]
Uisual onset 49 an 52 years o age[3]
Causes Uisually a naitural chynge, surgery that remuives baith ovaries, some teeps o chemotherapy[4][5]
Treatment Nane, lifestyle chynges[6]
Medication Menopausal hormone therapy, clonidine, gabapentin, selective serotonin reuptak inhibitors[6][7]

Menopause, an aa kent as the climacteric, is the time in maist weemen's lives whan menstrual periods stap permanently, an thay are na langer able tae beir childer.[2][8] Menopause teepically occurs atween 49 an 52 years o age.[3] Medical perfaisionals eften define menopause as haein occurred whan a wumman haes nae haed ony vaginal bleedin for a year.[4] It mey an aa be defined bi a decrease in hormone production bi the ovaries.[9]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Chuku, Gloria (2005). Igbo women and economic transformation in southeastern Nigeria, 1900–1960. Paragraph 3: Routledge. p. 73. ISBN 0415972108. Archived frae the oreeginal on 19 May 2016. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Menopause: Overview". Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development. 28 June 2013. Archived frae the oreeginal on 2 April 2015. Retrieved 8 March 2015. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 Takahashi, TA; Johnson, KM (May 2015). "Menopause". The Medical clinics of North America. 99 (3): 521–34. doi:10.1016/j.mcna.2015.01.006. PMID 25841598. 
  4. 4.0 4.1 "What is menopause?". Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development. 28 June 2013. Archived frae the oreeginal on 19 March 2015. Retrieved 8 March 2015. 
  5. "What causes menopause?". Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development. 6 May 2013. Archived frae the oreeginal on 2 April 2015. Retrieved 8 March 2015. 
  6. 6.0 6.1 "What are the treatments for other symptoms of menopause?". Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development. 28 June 2013. Archived frae the oreeginal on 20 March 2015. Retrieved 8 March 2015. 
  7. Krause, MS; Nakajima, ST (March 2015). "Hormonal and Nonhormonal Treatment of Vasomotor Symptoms". Obstetrics and Gynecology Clinics of North America. 42 (1): 163–179. doi:10.1016/j.ogc.2014.09.008. PMID 25681847. 
  8. "Menopause: Overview". PubMedHealth. 29 August 2013. Archived frae the oreeginal on 10 September 2017. Retrieved 8 March 2015. 
  9. Sievert, Lynnette Leidy (2006). Menopause : a biocultural perspective ([Online-Ausg.] ed.). New Brunswick, N.J.: Rutgers University Press. p. 81. ISBN 9780813538563. Archived frae the oreeginal on 10 September 2017.