Meningitis

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Meningitis
Meninges-en.svg
Meninges o the central nervous seestem: dura mater, arachnoid mater, an pia mater.
Specialty Infectious disease, neurology
Symptoms Fiver, heidache, neck stiffness[1]
Complications Deifness, epilepsy, hydrocephalus, cognitive deficits[2][3]
Causes Viral, bacterial, ither[4]
Diagnostic method Lumbar puncture[1]
Seemilar condeetions Harn tumor, lupus, Lyme disease, seizures, neuroleptic malignant syndrome[5]
Prevention Vaccination[2]
Medication Antibiotics, antivirals, steroids[1][6][7]
Frequency 8.7 million (2015)[8]
Daiths 379,000 (2015)[9]

Meningitis is an acute inflammation o the pertective membranes coverin the harn and spinal cord, kent collectively as the meninges.[2]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 "Bacterial Meningitis". CDC. Aprile 1, 2014. Retrieved 5 Mairch 2016. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Sáez-Llorens X, McCracken GH (Juin 2003). "Bacterial meningitis in children". Lancet. 361 (9375): 2139–48. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(03)13693-8. PMID 12826449. 
  3. van de Beek D, de Gans J, Tunkel AR, Wijdicks EF (Januar 2006). "Community-acquired bacterial meningitis in adults". The New England Journal of Medicine. 354 (1): 44–53. doi:10.1056/NEJMra052116. PMID 16394301. 
  4. Ginsberg L (Mairch 2004). "Difficult and recurrent meningitis" (PDF). Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry. 75 Suppl 1 (90001): i16–21. doi:10.1136/jnnp.2003.034272. PMC 1765649Freely accessible. PMID 14978146. 
  5. Ferri, Fred F. (2010). Ferri's differential diagnosis : a practical guide to the differential diagnosis of symptoms, signs, and clinical disorders (2nd ed. ed.). Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier/Mosby. p. Chapter M. ISBN 0323076998. 
  6. "Viral Meningitis". CDC. November 26, 2014. Retrieved 5 Mairch 2016. 
  7. Tunkel AR; Hartman BJ; Kaplan SL; et al. (November 2004). "Practice guidelines for the management of bacterial meningitis" (PDF). Clinical Infectious Diseases. 39 (9): 1267–84. doi:10.1086/425368. PMID 15494903. 
  8. GBD 2015 Disease and Injury Incidence and Prevalence, Collaborators. (8 October 2016). "Global, regional, and national incidence, prevalence, and years lived with disability for 310 diseases and injuries, 1990-2015: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015". Lancet. 388 (10053): 1545–1602. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(16)31678-6. PMC 5055577Freely accessible. PMID 27733282. 
  9. GBD 2015 Mortality and Causes of Death, Collaborators. (8 October 2016). "Global, regional, and national life expectancy, all-cause mortality, and cause-specific mortality for 249 causes of death, 1980-2015: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015". Lancet. 388 (10053): 1459–1544. doi:10.1016/s0140-6736(16)31012-1. PMID 27733281.