Melanoma

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Melanoma
Synonyms Malignant melanoma
Melanoma.jpg
A melanoma o approximately 2.5 cm bi 1.5 cm
Specialty Oncology an dermatology
Symptoms Mole that is increasin in size, haes irregular edges, chynge in colour, itchiness, or skin brakdoun.[1]
Causes Ultraviolet licht (Sun, tannin devices)[2]
Risk factors Faimily history, mony moles, puir immune function[1]
Diagnostic method Tissue biopsy[1]
Seemilar condeetions Seborrheic keratosis, lentigo, blue nevus, dermatofibroma[3]
Prevention Sunscreen, avoidin UV licht[2]
Treatment Surgery[1]
Prognosis Five-year survival rates in USA 98% (localised), 17% (disseminatit)[4]
Frequency 3.1 million (2015)[5]
Daiths 59,800 (2015)[6]

Melanoma, an aa kent as malignant melanoma, is a teep o cancer that develops frae the pigment-conteenin cells kent as melanocytes.[1]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 "Melanoma Treatment–for health professionals (PDQ®)". National Cancer Institute. June 26, 2015. Archived frae the oreeginal on 4 July 2015. Retrieved 30 June 2015. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 World Cancer Report 2014 (PDF). World Health Organization. 2014. pp. Chapter 5.14. ISBN 9283204298. Archived (PDF) frae the oreeginal on 2014-05-30. 
  3. Goldstein, BG; Goldstein, AO (1 April 2001). "Diagnosis and management of malignant melanoma". American Family Physician. 63 (7): 1359–68, 1374. PMID 11310650. 
  4. "SEER Stat Fact Sheets: Melanoma of the Skin". NCI. Archived frae the oreeginal on 2014-07-06. 
  5. GBD 2015 Disease and Injury Incidence and Prevalence, Collaborators. (8 October 2016). "Global, regional, and national incidence, prevalence, and years lived with disability for 310 diseases and injuries, 1990–2015: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015". Lancet. 388 (10053): 1545–1602. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(16)31678-6. PMC 5055577Freely accessible. PMID 27733282. 
  6. GBD 2015 Mortality and Causes of Death, Collaborators. (8 October 2016). "Global, regional, and national life expectancy, all-cause mortality, and cause-specific mortality for 249 causes of death, 1980–2015: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015". Lancet. 388 (10053): 1459–1544. doi:10.1016/s0140-6736(16)31012-1. PMID 27733281.