Melanoma

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Melanoma
SynonymsMalignant melanoma
Melanoma.jpg
A melanoma o approximately 2.5 cm bi 1.5 cm
SpecialtyOncology an dermatology
SymptomsMole that is increasin in size, haes irregular edges, chynge in colour, itchiness, or skin brakdoun.[1]
CausesUltraviolet licht (Sun, tannin devices)[2]
Risk factorsFaimily history, mony moles, puir immune function[1]
Diagnostic methodTissue biopsy[1]
Seemilar condeetionsSeborrheic keratosis, lentigo, blue nevus, dermatofibroma[3]
PreventionSunscreen, avoidin UV licht[2]
TreatmentSurgery[1]
PrognosisFive-year survival rates in USA 98% (localised), 17% (disseminatit)[4]
Frequency3.1 million (2015)[5]
Daiths59,800 (2015)[6]

Melanoma, an aa kent as malignant melanoma, is a teep o cancer that develops frae the pigment-conteenin cells kent as melanocytes.[1]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 "Melanoma Treatment–for health professionals (PDQ®)". National Cancer Institute. June 26, 2015. Archived frae the oreeginal on 4 July 2015. Retrieved 30 June 2015. Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (help)
  2. 2.0 2.1 World Cancer Report 2014 (PDF). World Health Organization. 2014. pp. Chapter 5.14. ISBN 9283204298. Archived frae the oreeginal (PDF) on 2014-05-30. Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (help)
  3. Goldstein, BG; Goldstein, AO (1 April 2001). "Diagnosis and management of malignant melanoma". American Family Physician. 63 (7): 1359–68, 1374. PMID 11310650.
  4. "SEER Stat Fact Sheets: Melanoma of the Skin". NCI. Archived frae the oreeginal on 2014-07-06. Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (help)
  5. GBD 2015 Disease and Injury Incidence and Prevalence, Collaborators. (8 October 2016). "Global, regional, and national incidence, prevalence, and years lived with disability for 310 diseases and injuries, 1990–2015: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015". Lancet. 388 (10053): 1545–1602. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(16)31678-6. PMC 5055577. PMID 27733282.
  6. GBD 2015 Mortality and Causes of Death, Collaborators. (8 October 2016). "Global, regional, and national life expectancy, all-cause mortality, and cause-specific mortality for 249 causes of death, 1980–2015: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015". Lancet. 388 (10053): 1459–1544. doi:10.1016/s0140-6736(16)31012-1. PMID 27733281.