Meeneral acid

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A meeneral acid (or inorganic acid) is an acid derived frae ane or mair inorganic compounds. Aw meeneral acids form hydrogen ions an the conjugate base ions when dissolved in watter.

Characteristics[eedit | eedit soorce]

Commonly uised meeneral acids are sulfuric acid, hydrochloric acid an nitric acid (thay are kent as bench acids forby). Meeneral acids range frae superacids (perchloric acid) tae very waik (boric acid). Meeneral acids tend tae be very soluble in watter an insoluble in organic solvents.

Meeneral acids are uised in mony sectors o the chemical industry as feedstocks for the synthesis o ither chemicals, baith organic an inorganic. Large quantities o thir acids – especially sulfuric acid, nitric acid, an hydrochloric acid – are manufactured for commercial uise in lairge plants.

Meeneral acids are uised directly for thair corrosive properties an aw. For ensaumple, a dilute solution o hydrochloric acid is uised for removing the deposits frae the inside o boilers, wi precautions taken tae prevent the corrosion o the boiler bi the acid. This process is kent as descaling.

World production[eedit | eedit soorce]

World Annual Production
Acid tonnes
Sulfuric 200,000,000
Nitric 60,000,000
Phosphoric 38,000,000
Hydrochloric 20,000,000

Examples[eedit | eedit soorce]

External links[eedit | eedit soorce]