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Swami Vivekananda
Hsuan Hua
Baduanjin qigong
St Francis
Various depections o meditation. The Hindu Swami Vivekananda, the Buddhist monk Hsuan Hua, Taoist Baduanjin Qigong, the Christian St Francis, the Stoic sage Epictetus an Muslim Sufis in Dhikr.

Meditation is a practice whaur an individual uises a technique – sic as myndfuness, or focusin the mynd on a pairteecular object, thocht or acteevity – tae train attention an awaurness, an achieve a mentally clear an emotionally caum an stable state.[1]:228–29[2]:180[3]:415[4]:107[5][6] Scholarts hae foond meditation difficult tae define, as practices vary baith atween tradeetions an within them.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Roger Walsh & Shauna L. Shapiro (2006). "The meeting of meditative disciplines and western psychology: A mutually enriching dialogue". American Psychologist (Submitted manuscript). 61 (3): 227–39. doi:10.1037/0003-066X.61.3.227. ISSN 0003-066X. PMID 16594839.
  2. B. Rael Cahn; John Polich (2006). "Meditation states and traits: EEG, ERP, and neuroimaging studies". Psychological Bulletin. 132 (2): 180–211. doi:10.1037/0033-2909.132.2.180. ISSN 0033-2909. PMID 16536641.
  3. R. Jevning; R.K. Wallace; M. Beidebach (1992). "The physiology of meditation: A review: A wakeful hypometabolic integrated response". Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews. 16 (3): 415–24. doi:10.1016/S0149-7634(05)80210-6. PMID 1528528.
  4. Goleman, Daniel (1988). The meditative mind: The varieties of meditative experience. New York: Tarcher. ISBN 978-0-87477-833-5.
  5. "Definition of meditate". Merriam-Webster Dictionary. 18 December 2017. Retrieved 25 December 2017.
  6. "meditate". Oxford Dictionaries – English.