Portrait of Gorky, c. 1906
|Born||Alexei Maximovich Peshkov|
28 March [A.S. 16 March] 1868
Nizhny Novgorod, Roushie Empire
|Dee'd||18 Juin 1936 (aged 68)|
Gorki-10, Moscow Oblast, Soviet Union
|Pen name||Maxim Gorky|
|Thrift||Writer, dramatist, politeecian|
|Leeterar muivement||Socialist realism|
Alexei Maximovich Peshkov (Roushie: Алексе́й Макси́мович Пешко́в or Пе́шков; 28 March [A.S. 16 March] 1868 – 18 Juin 1936), primarily kent as Maxim (Maksim) Gorky (Roushie: Макси́м Го́рький), wis a Roushie an Soviet writer, a foonder o the socialist realism leeterar method an a poleetical activist. He wis an aa a five-time nominee for the Nobel Prize in Leeteratur. Aroond fifteen years afore success as a writer, he frequently chynged jobs an roamed athort the Roushie Empire; thir experiences would later influence his writin. Gorky's maist famous warks war The Lawer Depths (1902), Twenty-sax Men an a Girl, The Sang o the Stormy Petrel, The Mither, Simmerfolk an Childer o the Sun. He haed an association wi fellae Roushie writers Leo Tolstoy an Anton Chekhov; Gorky would later mention them in his memoirs.
Gorky wis active wi the emergin Marxist social-democratic muivement. He publicly opponed the Tsarist regime, an for a time closely associatit himsel wi Vladimir Lenin an Alexander Bogdanov's Bolshevik weeng o the pairty. For a signeeficant pairt o his life, he wis exiled frae Roushie an later the Soviet Union. In 1932, he returned tae Roushhie on Joseph Stalin's personal invitation an dee'd thare in Juin 1936.
References[eedit | eedit soorce]
- His ain pronunciation, accordin tae his autobiografie Detstvo (Bairnhuid), wis Пешко́в, but maist Roushies say Пе́шков, which is tharefore foond in reference beuks.
- Liukkonen, Petri. "Maxim Gorky". Books and Writers (kirjasto.sci.fi). Finland: Kuusankoski Public Library. Archived frae the oreeginal on 10 February 2015.