Maryina roshcha Destrict

Frae Wikipedia, the free beuk o knawledge
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Coordinates: 55°48′01″N 37°36′42″E / 55.80028°N 37.61167°E / 55.80028; 37.61167

Maryina roshcha Destrict
Msk svao maryina roscha.png
Location o Maryina roshcha Destrict on the map o Moscow
Coat of Arms of Marina Roshcha (rayon in Moscow) (1997).png
Coat o airms
Federal subjectMoscow
Time zoneMSK (UTC+03:00)[1]
Maryina roshcha Destrict on WikiCommons

Maryina roshcha (Roushie: Ма́рьина ро́ща, lit. "Mary's grove") is a destrict o North-Eastren Admeenistrative Okrug o the federal ceety o Moscow, Roushie. Population: 65,973 (2010 Census);[2] 60,194 (2002 Census).[3]

The historical aurie o Maryina Roshcha, which emergit in the mid-19t century on the steid o Sheremetev faimily launds, retained its law-rise, kintra style till the 1960s.

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

The veelage o Maryino (Ма́рьино), kent as Boyarkino (Боя́ркино) an aw, appears in offeecial registers syne 1678, when it haed a population o 102 fowk in 22 hoosehaulds. Maryino an the adjacent Ostankino veelage an a pairk wur awned bi the Cherkassky faimily. In the middle o the 18t century, the last Princess Cherkassky marriet Coont P. B. Sheremetev, an the laund passed intae Sheremetev faimily possession. (The main north-sooth street o the aurie, Sheremetevskaya, is still namit efter these past landlords.) At aroond this time, a grove near the veelage o Maryino wis cried Maryina Roshcha, a name that "haes stuck tae this day, even tho the grove wis completely cut doun in the late 19t century."[4]

Efter the Great Fire o 1812, the groves atween Moscow an Maryino wur felled for timber, but quickly recovered an became a popular picnic destination. The name Maryina Roshcha became a toponym unthirlt o the auld Maryino veelage. Vasily Zhukovsky wrote a romantic story o the same name; his version o the etymology o the name Maryina Roshcha is pur feection, as is the legend linkin Maryina Roshcha tae a female heich-gate robber cried Marya.

Atween 1851 an 1882, railwey construction isolatit Maryina Roshcha frae Moscow (sooth) an Ostankino (north). In the 1880s, a French real estate developer signed a lang-term lease wi the Sheremetev faimily, cleared the trees, an leveled the aurie for cheap law-rise construction, creating the rectangular grid o streets an alleys that still exists the day. Houiver, thay did no bother tae set up watter supply or a sewage seestem. The proximity o railweys quickly attractit industrialists lik Gustav List, who biggit factories on the edges o Maryina Roshcha. Wooden houses war occupied bi workers o these factories, includin an ethnic minority o Mordvin laborers, who settled in the aurie in 1901. The existin Orthodox Kirk o Unexpectit Joy (photographs) wis biggit bi public subscription in 1899-1904 an operatit continuously throu the Soviet years.

Mariyna Roshcha, locatit ootside the Moscow ceety leemits, wis inadequately polisit bi the kintra admeenistration. This attractit shady bodies, an the aurie wis considered a creeminal ghetto, especially efter Warld War I an Rosuhie Ceevil War, when law-abidin men whaur draftit an perished in the airmy, an the Bolshevik admeenistration expropriatit aw livestock frae the residents. The aurie remained unsafe till the 1960s. The post-Warld War II Maryina Roshcha unnerwarld wis featurt in The Meeting Place Cannot Be Changed mini-series.

Joseph Stalin's maister plan o 1935 proponit biggin a north-sooth heich-gate throu Maryina Roshcha, which wad lead tae demolition o the 19t-century hoosin. This plan did no materialize, an firthenb Maryina Roshcha wis demolished gradually anerly in the 1960s. The remainder wis cleared in the late 1970s in preparation for the 1980 Simmer Olympics. The last remainin tram lines wur closed in 2002 (see 2002 photographs [1] [2]), when the destrict's soothren boundar wis convertit intae the Third Ring heich-gate.

Public transportation access[eedit | eedit soorce]

Moscow Metro haed expandit the Lyublinskaya Line tae Maryina roshcha station on 19 Juin 2010.[5] An aw the destrict is accessible via Savyolovskaya, Rizhskaya (sooth), an Alexeyevskaya (north) stations.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Правительство Российской Федерации. Федеральный закон №107-ФЗ от 3 июня 2011 г. «Об исчислении времени», в ред. Федерального закона №271-ФЗ от 03 июля 2016 г. «О внесении изменений в Федеральный закон "Об исчислении времени"». Вступил в силу по истечении шестидесяти дней после дня официального опубликования (6 августа 2011 г.). Опубликован: "Российская газета", №120, 6 июня 2011 г. (Govrenment o the Roushie Federation. Federal Law #107-FZ of Juin 31, 2011 On Calculatin Time, as amended by the Federal Law #271-FZ of Julie 03, 2016 On Amendin Federal Law "On Calculatin Time". Effective as of efter saxty days follaein the day o the offeecial publication.).
  2. Roushie Federal State Stateestics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 Aw-Roushie Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года [2010 Aw-Roushie Population Census] (in Roushie). Federal State Stateestics Service.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  3. Roushie Federal State Stateestics Service (21 Mey 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population o Roushie, Its Federal Destricts, Federal Subjects, Destricts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Admeenistrative Centres, an Rural Localities wi Population o Ower 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [Aw-Roushie Population Census o 2002] (in Roushie).CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  4. Vladimir Kozlov, "The colourful past and present of Maryina Roshcha Archived 2012-08-24 at the Wayback Machine," Moscow News, Sept. 13, 2010.
  5. МАРЬИНА РОЩА (in Roushie)
  • P. V. Sytin. History of Moscow Streets (1948).

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]