Maria I o Portugal

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Maria I o Portugal
Maria I, Vieira.jpg
Maria Francisca, Princess o Brazil bi Vieira Lusitano, 1753.
Queen o Portugal
Ring24 Februar 1777 – 20 Mairch 1816
Acclamation13 Mey 1777
PredecessorJoseph I
Co-monarchPeter III
SuccessorJohn VI
RegentJoão, Prince Regent (1792–1816)
Queen o Brazil
Reing16 December 1815 – 20 Mairch 1816
SuccessorJohn VI
RegentJoão, Prince Regent
Born17 December 1734(1734-12-17)
Ribeira Pailace, Lisbon, Portugal
Dee'd20 Mairch 1816(1816-03-20) (aged 81)
Carmo Convent, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
BuirialRyal Basilica, Lisbon, Portugal
SpousePedro III o Portugal
IssueJoseph, Prince o Brazil
John VI, Keeng o Portugal
Infanta Mariana Vitória
Full name
Maria Francisca Isabel Josefa Antónia Gertrudes Rita Joana de Bragança
FaitherJoseph I
MitherMariana Victoria o Spain
ReleegionRoman Catholicism
SeegnaturMaria I o Portugal's signature
Coat of Arms of the Kingdom of Portugal (1640-1910).png

Dona Maria I o Portugal (Maria Francisca Isabel Josefa Antónia Gertrudes Rita Joana; English: Mary I; 17 December 1734 – 20 Mairch 1816) was Queen o Portugal frae 1777 until her daith. Kent as Maria the Pious in Portugal an Maria the Mad in Brazil, she wis the first undisputed queen regnant o Portugal an the first monarch o Brazil. With Napoleon's European conquests, her coort, then under the direction of her son João, the Prince Regent, moved tae Brazil, then a Portuguese colony. Later on, Brazil would be elevated frae the rank o a colony tae that o a kinrick, with the consequential formation of the United Kinrick o Portugal, Brazil an the Algarves. She wis the ruler o Portugal during the 1755 Lisbon yirdquauk.

Birth[eedit | eedit soorce]

Maria wis born on 17 December 1734 at the Ribeira Pailace, in Lisbon, Portugal an wis baptised with the names "Maria Francisca Isabel Josefa Antónia Gertrudes Rita Joana", an wis kent as "Maria" or "Maria Francisca"

She wis a dochter o Keeng Joseph I o Portugal an his wife Mariana Victoria o Spain (a descendant o Louis XIV o Fraunce) as she wis heiress presumptive tae the croun she wis gien the teetles o Princess o Brazil an Duchess o Braganza, as well as being an Infanta o Portugal bi birth.

Mairiage[eedit | eedit soorce]

On 6 Juin 1760 she mairit her uncle Infante Pedro o Portugal in Ajuda (where the ryal faimilie were living due tae the 1755 Lisbon yirdquauk.

Issue[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. José, Prince o Brazil (20 August 1761 - 11 September 1788) Infanta Benedita o Portugal but haed nae issue.
  2. Infante João o Portugal (20 October 1762 - 20 October 1762) stillborn son.
  3. Infante João Francisco o Portugal (16 September 1763 - 10 October 1763) died in infancy.
  4. João VI o Portugal (13 Mey 1767 - 10 Mairch 1826) mairit Carlota Joaquina o Spain an haed issue. Wis King o Portugal an Emperor o Brazil.
  5. Infanta Mariana Victoria o Portugal (15 December 1768 - 2 November 1788) mairit Infante Gabriel o Spain an haed issue.
  6. Infanta Maria Clementina o Portugal (9 Juin 1774 - 27 Juin 1776) died young.
  7. Infanta Maria Isabel o Portugal (12 December 1776 - 14 Januar 1777) died young.

Teetles an styles[eedit | eedit soorce]

  • 17 de December 1734 – 31 Julie 1750 Her Ryal Highness The Princess o Beira, Duchess o Barcelos.
  • 31 Julie 1750 – 24 Februar 1777 Her Ryal Highness The Princess o Brazil, Duchess o Braganza, etc.
  • 24 Februar 1777 – 20 Mairch 1816 Her Maist Faithful Majesty The Queen.

Ither wabsteids[eedit | eedit soorce]

Media relatit tae Maria I o Portugal at Wikimedia Commons