Maria Carolina o Austrick

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Maria Carolina o Austrick
Painting of the family of Ferdinando IV (Angelica Kauffmann, 1782).jpg
Queen Maria Carolina with her husband an childer bi Angelica Kauffmann, 1782.
Queen consort o Naples an Sicily
Tenur12 May 1768 – 8 September 1814
Born13 August 1752(1752-08-13)
Schönbrunn Pailace, Vienna
Dee'd8 September 1814(1814-09-08) (aged 62)
Hetzendorf Pailace, Vienna
BuirialImperial Crypt, Vienna
SpouseFerdinand IV o Naples, III o Sicily
Full name
Maria Carolina Louise Josepha Johanna Antonia
HooseHabsburg-Lorraine (bi birth)
Bourbons o Naples (bi mairiage)
FaitherFrancis I, Haly Roman Emperor
MitherEmpress Maria Theresa
ReleegionRoman Catholicism
Coat of Arms of Marie Caroline, Queen of Naples and Sicily.svg

Maria Carolina o Austrick, Airchduchess o Austrick (Maria Karolina Luise Josepha Johanna Antonia; 13 August 1752 – 8 September 1814) wis Queen o Naples an Sicily as the wife o King Ferdinand IV & III. As de facto ruler o her husband's kingdoms, Maria Carolina oversaw the promulgation o reforms. She made Naples a police state. Maria Carolina died in September 1814 as a consequence o a stroke, without seeing the final defeat o Napoleon an the restoration o her husband bi the Congress o Vienna. Her maid foond the Queen lying dead on the floor among scattered letters. Emperor Napoleon cried Queen Maria Carolina "the anly man in the Kinrick o Naples"

Background[eedit | eedit soorce]

Maria Carolina wis a dochter o The Empress Maria Theresa an her husband Francis I, Haly Roman Emperor. She wis an aulder sister o the future Marie Antoinette an the twa girls were very close throughout childhood. Maria Carolina's godparents were King Louis XV o Fraunce an his wife, Marie Leszczyńska.

Mairiage[eedit | eedit soorce]

Issue[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Maria Theresa o Naples an Sicily (6 Juin 1772 – 13 Aprile 1807) mairit Francis II, Haly Roman Emperor an haed issue.
  2. Luisa o Naples an Sicily (27 Julie 1773 – 19 September 1802) mairit Ferdinando III, Grand Duke o Tuscany an haed issue.
  3. Prince Carlo Tito o Naples an Sicily, Duke o Calabrie died young.
  4. Maria Anna o Naples an Sicily 23 November 1775 – 22 Februar 1780) died young.
  5. Prince Franceso o Naples an Sicily (later Keeng Francesco I) 19 August 1777 – 8 November 1830) mairit Maria Clementina o Austrick an haed issue. Remairit María Isabella o Spain an haed issue.
  6. Maria Cristina o Naples an Sicily 17 Januar 1779 – 11 Mairch 1849) mairit Prince Carlo Felice, Duke o Genoa (future Keeng Carlo Felice) ]] but haed nae issue.
  7. Princess Maria Cristina Amelia o Naples an Sicily (17 Januar 1779 – 26 Februar 1783) died young.
  8. Prince Gennaro o Naples an Sicily (12 Aprile 1780 – 1 Januar 1789) died young.
  9. Prince Giuseppe o Naples an Sicily 18 Juin 1781 – 19 Februar 1783) died young.
  10. Princess Maria Amalia o Naples an Sicily (26 Aprile 1782 – 24 Mairch 1866) mairit Louis Philippe d'Orléans, Duke o Orléans (later Keeng Louis Philippe I o the French) an haed issue.
  11. Princess Maria Antonia o Naples an Sicily (14 December 1784 – 21 Mey 1806) mairit Infante Fernando, Prince o Austries but haed nae issue.
  12. Maria Clotilde o Naples an Sicily (18 Februar 1786 - 10 September 1792) died young.
  13. Maria Henrietta o Naples an Sicily (31 Julie 1787 – 10 September 1792) died young.
  14. Leopoldo o Naples an Sicily, Prince o Salerno (2 Julie 1790 – 10 Mairch 1851) mairit Maria Clementina o Austrick an haed issue.
  15. Prince Alberto o Naples an Sicily ( 2 Mey 1792 – 25 December 1798) died young.
  16. Maria Isabella o Naples an Sicily (2 December 1793 – 23 Aprile 1801) died young.

External links[eedit | eedit soorce]