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Synonymsmorbilli, rubeola, reid maisles
A bairn shawin a 4-day maisles rash.
SpecialtyInfectious disease
SymptomsFiver, coch, runny neb, inflamed een, rash[1][2]
Uisual onset10–12 days post exposur[1][3]
Duration7–10 days[1][3]
CausesMaisles virus[4]
PreventionMaisles vaccine[1]
TreatmentSupportive care[1]
Frequency20 million per year[4]
Daiths73,400 (2015)[5]

Maisles, an aa cried the marls is a heichly contagious infection caused bi the maisles virus.[4][6] Ineetial signs an seemptoms teepically include fiver, eften greater nor 40 °C (104.0 °F), coch, runny neb, an inflamed een.[4][2] Twa or three days efter the stairt o seemptoms, smaw white spots mey form inside the mooth, kent as Koplik's spats. A reid, flat rash that uisually stairts on the face an then spreads tae the rest o the bouk teepically begins three tae five days efter the stairt o seemptoms.[2] Seemptoms uisually develop 10–12 days efter exposur tae an infectit person an last 7–10 days.[1][3] Complications occur in aboot 30% an mey include diarrhea, blindness, inflammation o the harn, an pneumonia amang ithers.[1][7] Rubella (German maisles) an roseola are different diseases.[8]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 "Measles Fact sheet N°286". November 2014. Retrieved 4 February 2015.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 "Measles (Rubeola) Signs and Symptoms". November 3, 2014. Retrieved 5 February 2015.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 Conn's Current Therapy 2015: Expert Consult – Online. Elsevier Health Sciences. 2014. p. 153. ISBN 9780323319560.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 Caserta, MT, ed. (September 2013). "Measles". Merck Manual Professional. Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp. Retrieved 23 March 2014.
  5. GBD 2015 Mortality and Causes of Death, Collaborators. (8 October 2016). "Global, regional, and national life expectancy, all-cause mortality, and cause-specific mortality for 249 causes of death, 1980–2015: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015". Lancet (London, England). 388 (10053): 1459–1544. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(16)31012-1. PMID 27733281.
  6. "Measles (Red Measles, Rubeola)". Dept of Health, Saskatchewan. Retrieved 10 February 2015.
  7. Atkinson, William (2011). Epidemiology and Prevention of Vaccine-Preventable Diseases (12 ed.). Public Health Foundation. pp. 301–323. ISBN 9780983263135. Retrieved 5 February 2015.
  8. Marx, John A. (2010). Rosen's emergency medicine : concepts and clinical practice (7th ed.). Philadelphia: Mosby/Elsevier. p. 1541. ISBN 9780323054720.