Mae Sot Destrict

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Mae Sot
แม่สอด
Amphoe
Amphoe location in Tak Province
Amphoe location in Tak Province
Coordinates: 16°42′47″N 98°34′29″E / 16.71306°N 98.57472°E / 16.71306; 98.57472Coordinates: 16°42′47″N 98°34′29″E / 16.71306°N 98.57472°E / 16.71306; 98.57472
Kintra  Thailand
Province Tak
Seat Mae Sot
Aurie
 • Total 1,986.1 km2 (766.8 sq mi)
Population (2008)
 • Tot 120,569
 • Density 60.71/km2 (157.2/sq mi)
Time zone THA (UTC+7)
Postal code 63110
Geocode 6306
Moei River.jpg
Mae Sot temple.JPG

Mae Sot (Thai: แม่สอด, pronounced [mɛ̂ː sɔ̀ːt]; Burmese: မဲဆောက်, [mɛ́ sʰaʊʔ]; Shan: ႄႈသၢႆ, [ɛ sʰaaj]) is a destrict in wastren Thailand that shares a mairch wi Burma tae the wast.

Gatewey tae Burma[eedit | eedit soorce]

Thai-Burmese Friendship Brig

Mae Sot is the location whaur Asie Heich-gate AH1 links atween Thailand an Burma. It is ane o the anerly twa transnaitional roads an cross-border pynts athort the Tenasserim Hills tae Burma, alang wi Three Pagodas Pass. The Thai-Myanmar Friendship Brig crossin the Moei River wis constructit in 1997 completin the link atween the twa kintras.[1] At the entrance o the brig is the immigration office which is open frae 06:00 tae 18:00.

As a gateway ceety, Mae Sot haes its awn domestic airport. But due tae heich fuel costs, some airlines sic as Phuket Air hae cancelled thair flichts atween Bangkok an Mae Sot.

Ivery year, Tak Chamber o Commerce organizes a friendship bicycle rally tae Myawaddy.

Link tae Indie[eedit | eedit soorce]

Indie’s foreign meenister met wi Myanmar’s construction meenister in Delhi on the 22 Feb 2012, an spoke aboot openin a heich-gate atween Moreh, an the Myanmar-Thai mairch near Mae Sot.[2]

Economy[eedit | eedit soorce]

Rim Moei Mercat

Tred wi Burma constitutes the lairgest portion o Mae Sot's economy. It haes a established mercat for commodities sic as wholesale gems an teak. Maist o the towns service industries are supportit bi Burmese migrants who wirk in sweat-shops an factories throuoot the region. The toun suffers frae a black mercat in illegal smugglin, fowk trokin an narcotics an aw. The Thai-Myanmar friendship brig, is the primary gatewey for tred wi Burma. The mairch region, locatit several kilometres frae central Mae Sot includes the Rim Moei Mercat that deals in importit guids an firthwirk.

Mae Sot serves as a minor tourist destination an aw, primarily uised for those wishin tae veesit Myawaddy in Burma or as a stopower on the wey tae Umphang Destrict, popular for trekkin.

Burmese refugees[eedit | eedit soorce]

The toun haes a substantial population o Burmese refugees an economic migrants. The exact nummer o Burmese in Mae Sot is unclear but estimates say that ower 100,000 exist in addeetion tae the 106,000 awready recordit in the offeecial census. In recent years the ongoin refugee situation haes attractit NGOs an internaitional aid agencies tae set programmes in the toun an surroondin auries.

Ane o the maist notable organisations is Mae Tao Clinic locatit juist ootside the wast o the toun. It wis established bi the Burmese/Karen Dr. Cynthia Maung tae affer free medical services tae Burmese who dae no qualify for treatment at the local Mae Sot Hospital. The centre is fundit independently an is supportit bi teams o volunteers.[3]

The Mae Sot region haes aroond 70 migrant schuils that hae stairtit spontaneously tae meet the needs o the 30,000 childer who hae crossed the mairch wi thair parents frae Burma. The students are a mix o refugees an economic migrants. O this nummer anerly 7,000 currently are attendin thir schuils. The schuils range in size frae 20 tae ower 650 students (Hsa Thoo Lei School). Thir schuils receive nae support frae the Thai govrenment an rely solely on resourcefulness an internaitional support.

Admeenistration[eedit | eedit soorce]

The destrict (Amphoe) Mae Sot is subdividit intae 10 subdestricts (Tambon), which are further subdividit intae 86 veelages (muban). The toun (thesaban nakhon) Mae Sot covers the whole tambon Mae Sot. Tha Sai Luat an Mae Ku are subdestrict municipalities (thesaban tambon), each coverin pairts o the same-named tambon. Thare are further 9 Tambon admeenistrative organizations (TAO).

No. Name Thai name     
1. Mae Sot แม่สอด 6. Tha Sai Luat ท่าสายลวด
2. Mae Ku แม่กุ 7. Mae Pa แม่ปะ
3. Phawo พะวอ 8. Mahawan มหาวัน
4. Mae Tao แม่ตาว 9. Dan Mae La Mao ด่านแม่ละเมา
5. Mae Kasa  แม่กาษา  10. Phra That Pha Daeng  พระธาตุผาแดง 

Thare are plans tae creaut a new province centred in Mae Sot, coverin the 5 mairch destricts o Tak province.[4][5] Addeetionally the toun is planned tae be convertit intae a metropolis, coverin the tambon Mae Sot, Mae Pa an Tha Sai Luat.[6]

Climate[eedit | eedit soorce]

Mae Sot haes a tropical savanna climate (Köppen climate clessification Aw). Winters are dry an vera wairm. Temperaturs rise till Apryle, which is vera het wi the average daily maximum at 36.8 °C (98.2 °F). The monsoon saison runs frae Mey tae October, wi hivy rain an somewha ceuler temperaturs durin the day, awtho nichts remain wairm.

Climate data for Mae Sot (1981–2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average heich °C (°F) 31.6
(88.9)
34.0
(93.2)
35.8
(96.4)
36.8
(98.2)
34.1
(93.4)
31.4
(88.5)
30.5
(86.9)
30.3
(86.5)
31.5
(88.7)
32.2
(90)
31.5
(88.7)
30.4
(86.7)
32.51
(90.51)
Average law °C (°F) 15.3
(59.5)
16.7
(62.1)
19.8
(67.6)
23.1
(73.6)
23.9
(75)
23.6
(74.5)
23.2
(73.8)
23.1
(73.6)
23.2
(73.8)
22.3
(72.1)
19.2
(66.6)
15.5
(59.9)
20.74
(69.34)
Average rainfaw mm (inches) 1.7
(0.067)
8.2
(0.323)
15.5
(0.61)
44.8
(1.764)
174.9
(6.886)
255.4
(10.055)
329.0
(12.953)
321.7
(12.665)
185.4
(7.299)
102.1
(4.02)
23.7
(0.933)
5.9
(0.232)
1,468.3
(57.807)
Average rainy days (≥ 1 mm) 1 1 1 5 17 26 27 27 21 14 4 1 145
Average relative humidity (%) 72 65 61 64 76 84 86 87 85 82 77 74 76.1
Soorce: Thai Meteorological Department (Normal 1981-2010), (Avg. rainy days 1961-1990)

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "Asian Highway". Development of the Asian Highway. Asian Highway. Retrieved 2008-08-26. 
  2. "In India's Northeast, Peace and Foreign Ties Quietly Spread". The New York Times. 2012-03-13. 
  3. "Mae Tao Clinic". Mae Tao Clinic. 2007. Retrieved 2008-09-07. 
  4. "MaeSot in Thailand". MaeSot in Thailand. Retrieved 2011-07-27. 
  5. "อปท.5 อ.ชายแดนตาก ดันตั้ง "จว.77-มหานคร" เสนอ "3 พล.อ.-สนช." หลังดันมา 5 ปีแต่ไม่คืบ" (in Thai). Manager Online. Retrieved 2009-04-26. 
  6. "Mae Sot Metropolis Plan". The Irrawaddy. Retrieved 2009-04-26. 

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]

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