Ma'anshan

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Ma'anshan
马鞍山
Prefectur-level ceety
马鞍山市
Yushanhu and Nanhu lakes in the center of Ma'anshan
Ma'anshan is located in China
Ma'anshan
Ma'anshan
Location in Cheenae
Coordinates (Yushan Destrict): 31°42′N 118°21′E / 31.700°N 118.350°E / 31.700; 118.350
Kintra Fowkrepublic o Cheenae
Province Anhui
Coonty-level diveesions 6
Tounship-level diveesions 49
Ceety seat Yushan Deestrict
Government
 • CPC Secretary Zheng Weiwen (郑为文)
 • Mayor Zhang Xiaolin (张晓麟)
Area
 • Prefectur-level ceety 4,042 km2 (1,561 sq mi)
 • Urban 434 km2 (168 sq mi)
 • Metro 4,042 km2 (1,561 sq mi)
Population (2010 census)
 • Prefectur-level ceety 1,366,302
 • Density 340/km2 (880/sq mi)
 • Urban 633,940
 • Urban density 1,500/km2 (3,800/sq mi)
 • Metro 1,366,302
 • Metro density 340/km2 (880/sq mi)
Time zone Cheenae Staundart (UTC+8)
Area code(s) 555
GDP ¥63.6 billion (2008)
GDP per capita US$7,118 (2008)
License Plate Prefix 皖E

Ma'anshan, an aa written as Maanshan, is a prefectur-level ceety in the eastren pairt o Anhui province in Eastern Cheenae. An industrial ceety stretchin athort the Yangtze River, Ma'anshan borders Hefei tae the wast, Wuhu tae the soothwast, an Nanjing tae the east. It is a core ceety o the Nanjing Metropolitan Circle.

As o the 2010 census, Maanshan wis home tae 1,366,302 indwallers. Efter the August 2011 admeenistrative re-regionalization o Anhui Province, its population rose tae 2.283 million, an 2 additional coonties wur placed unner its admeenistration (He an Hanshan).

Admeenistration[eedit | eedit soorce]

The prefectur-level ceety o Ma'anshan admeenisters 6 coonty-level diveesions, includin 3 destricts an 3 coonties.

In September 2012, Jinjiazhuang Destrict wis dissolved an merged wi Huashan Destrict, while pairt o Dangtu Coonty wis split an established as Bowang Destrict.

Name[eedit | eedit soorce]

The name o the ceety means "Horse Saddle Muntain". Accordin tae legend, the name came tae be when the Wastren Chu hegemon Xiang Yu wis fleein frae the Battle o Gaixia. Rather than be captured, the defeatit general killed himself at the aurie nou kent as Ma'anshan efter ensurin that his beloved horse would be ferried athort the river tae safety. Upon seein his master die, the grief-stricken horse leapt intae the river an wis drowned. As a tribute, the boatman buried the horse's saddle on a nearby hill, givin Ma'anshan its name.

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

The sooth bank o the Yangtze River frae Ma'anshan upstream for 240 km, haes lang been a minin aurie. The comin o a railroad an the openin o the Huai-nan coalfield in the 1930s made it possible for the Japanese tae open an iron an steel works in 1938. Although destroyed at the end o the Seicont Warld War, the industries wur restored tae production in 1953, an Ma'anshan grew rapidly unner the Communists' first an seicont Five-Year Plans. Ma'anshan an aa haes sulfur an limestone mines, an chemical an cement factories. In 1954, Ma'anshan wis elevatit tae town level an in Oct. 12, 1956, Ma'anshan Ceety wis declared tae be foondit.

Geografie an climate[eedit | eedit soorce]

Surroondit bi law hills (The name o the ceety means "horse saddle muntain"), it is nae as pollutit as ither major Cheenese steelmakin ceeties, thanks tae the environmental policies taken bi the local govrenment that granted the ceety the recognition as ane o the "Ten Green Ceeties o Cheenae".

Its climate is similar tae ither ceeties in the Yangtze River Delta, wi lawer humidity that maks its simmers and winters less extreme. Thare are frequent showers durin Julie an August.

Caishi Rock (采石磯), a famous auncient battlefield lyin tae the soothwast o the ceety, is regardit as the baist o three rocks that project ower the Yangtze River. Taibai pavilion is ane o fower famous pavilions alang the Yangtze river. Caishi scenic aurie is a naitional tourism spot, wi a combination o naitural an man-made scenery.

Climate data for Ma'anshan (1960–2003)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Daily mean °C (°F) 2.9
(37.2)
4.7
(40.5)
9.2
(48.6)
15.5
(59.9)
20.9
(69.6)
24.8
(76.6)
28.3
(82.9)
27.7
(81.9)
23.1
(73.6)
17.6
(63.7)
11.3
(52.3)
5.2
(41.4)
15.93
(60.68)
Precipitation mm (inches) 37.6
(1.48)
50.4
(1.984)
86.8
(3.417)
93.1
(3.665)
106.8
(4.205)
167.0
(6.575)
182.5
(7.185)
123.2
(4.85)
67.0
(2.638)
61.0
(2.402)
53.8
(2.118)
29.2
(1.15)
1,058.4
(41.669)
Source: 马鞍山市气象局 马鞍山市气候变化分析

Economy[eedit | eedit soorce]

Ma'anshan railway station

The main industry is the steel industry (MaGang) which employs much o the wirkforce o Ma'anshan.

At present (2005) major expansions o the steel plant are unnerway tae increase production drastically. Wi the advanced manufacturin infrastructur an fast transportation airt, Ma'anshan haes received much investment in mony industries.

Ma'anshan ceety haes an annual manufactur investment rankin No.1 in Anhui Province an her GDP ranks No.4 in Anhui Province efter Hefei, Anqing an Wuhu. Ma'anshan's population ranks No.16 in the province an haes a GDP per capita o US$7,118 which is No.1 in Anhui Province an near the average o Yangtze River Delta.

Communications hae also help boost Ma'anshan economy an industry tae well above the naitional average: the deep watter river port o Ma'anshan, wi custom offices ensurs fast an inexpensive transportation tae ither ceeties baith in the East coast, an the inner ceeties alang the Yangtze River. Nanjing Lukou Internaitional Airport is 40 km frae Ma'anshan, wi direct flchts tae every corner o Cheenae an an aa daily flichts tae Europe. Bi road, Ma'anshan is connectit wi highways tae Nanjing, Shanghai, Hangzhou, Ningbo, Hefei an Wuhu.

Maanshan haes been identified bi the Economist Intelligence Unit in the November 2010 Access Cheenae White Paper as a member o the CHAMPS (Chongqing, Hefei, Anshan, Ma'anshan, Pingdingshan an Shenyang), an economic profile o the tap 20 emergin ceeties in Cheenae.[1]

Cultur[eedit | eedit soorce]

Thare is a memorial tae the famous Cheenese poet, Li Bai (a.k.a. Li Po c.700-762), just wast o Ma'anshan. Li Bai is said tae hae drowned at Ma'anshan efter attemptin tae embrace a reflection o the muin.

Cheenae's first poetry festival wis tae be held in Ma'anshan frae October 25–30, 2005. The theme o the festival, sponsored bi the Meenistry o Cultur, the Cheenese Writers Association, an the Anhui provincial govrenment, is "Poetic Cheenae, Harmonious Cheenae."

Eddication[eedit | eedit soorce]

  • Anhui Varsity o Technology
  • Hohai Varsity Wentian College which is a heich institute mainly focus in tradin an business management, an expandin tae affer the internaitional Bachelor Degree for several majors bilingually in Inglis an Cheenese.

Sister ceeties[eedit | eedit soorce]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

External links[eedit | eedit soorce]

Template:Anhui topics

Template:Major cities along the Yangtze River