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Lutetium,  71Lu
Lutetium sublimed dendritic and 1cm3 cube.jpg
General properties
Name, seembol lutetium, Lu
Pronunciation /ljˈtʃiəm/
Appearance silvery white
Lutetium in the periodic cairt
Hydrogen (diatomic nonmetal)
Helium (noble gas)
Lithium (alkali metal)
Beryllium (alkaline yird metal)
Boron (metalloid)
Carbon (polyatomic nonmetal)
Nitrogen (diatomic nonmetal)
Oxygen (diatomic nonmetal)
Fluorine (diatomic nonmetal)
Neon (noble gas)
Sodium (alkali metal)
Magnesium (alkaline yird metal)
Aluminium (post-transeetion metal)
Silicon (metalloid)
Phosphorus (polyatomic nonmetal)
Sulfur (polyatomic nonmetal)
Chlorine (diatomic nonmetal)
Argon (noble gas)
Potassium (alkali metal)
Calcium (alkaline yird metal)
Scandium (transeetion metal)
Titanium (transeetion metal)
Vanadium (transeetion metal)
Chromium (transeetion metal)
Manganese (transeetion metal)
Iron (transeetion metal)
Cobalt (transeetion metal)
Nickel (transeetion metal)
Copper (transeetion metal)
Zinc (transeetion metal)
Gallium (post-transeetion metal)
Germanium (metalloid)
Arsenic (metalloid)
Selenium (polyatomic nonmetal)
Bromine (diatomic nonmetal)
Krypton (noble gas)
Rubidium (alkali metal)
Strontium (alkaline yird metal)
Yttrium (transeetion metal)
Zirconium (transeetion metal)
Niobium (transeetion metal)
Molybdenum (transeetion metal)
Technetium (transeetion metal)
Ruthenium (transeetion metal)
Rhodium (transeetion metal)
Palladium (transeetion metal)
Silver (transeetion metal)
Cadmium (transeetion metal)
Indium (post-transeetion metal)
Tin (post-transeetion metal)
Antimony (metalloid)
Tellurium (metalloid)
Iodine (diatomic nonmetal)
Xenon (noble gas)
Caesium (alkali metal)
Barium (alkaline yird metal)
Lanthanum (lanthanide)
Cerium (lanthanide)
Praseodymium (lanthanide)
Neodymium (lanthanide)
Promethium (lanthanide)
Samarium (lanthanide)
Europium (lanthanide)
Gadolinium (lanthanide)
Terbium (lanthanide)
Dysprosium (lanthanide)
Holmium (lanthanide)
Erbium (lanthanide)
Thulium (lanthanide)
Ytterbium (lanthanide)
Lutetium (lanthanide)
Hafnium (transeetion metal)
Tantalum (transeetion metal)
Tungsten (transeetion metal)
Rhenium (transeetion metal)
Osmium (transeetion metal)
Iridium (transeetion metal)
Platinum (transeetion metal)
Gold (transeetion metal)
Mercury (transeetion metal)
Thallium (post-transeetion metal)
Lead (post-transeetion metal)
Bismuth (post-transeetion metal)
Polonium (post-transeetion metal)
Astatine (metalloid)
Radon (noble gas)
Francium (alkali metal)
Radium (alkaline yird metal)
Actinium (actinide)
Thorium (actinide)
Protactinium (actinide)
Uranium (actinide)
Neptunium (actinide)
Plutonium (actinide)
Americium (actinide)
Curium (actinide)
Berkelium (actinide)
Californium (actinide)
Einsteinium (actinide)
Fermium (actinide)
Mendelevium (actinide)
Nobelium (actinide)
Lawrencium (actinide)
Rutherfordium (transeetion metal)
Dubnium (transeetion metal)
Seaborgium (transeetion metal)
Bohrium (transeetion metal)
Hassium (transeetion metal)
Meitnerium (unkent chemical properties)
Darmstadtium (unkent chemical properties)
Roentgenium (unkent chemical properties)
Copernicium (transeetion metal)
Ununtrium (unkent chemical properties)
Flerovium (post-transeetion metal)
Ununpentium (unkent chemical properties)
Livermorium (unkent chemical properties)
Ununseptium (unkent chemical properties)
Ununoctium (unkent chemical properties)


Atomic nummer 71
Staundart atomic wicht (Ar) 174.9668(4)
Element category   lanthanide, sometimes considered a transeetion metal
Group, block group n/a, d-block
Period period 6
Electron configuration [Xe] 6s2 4f14 5d1
per shell
2, 8, 18, 32, 9, 2
Pheesical properties
Phase solid
Meltin pynt 1925 K ​(1652 °C, ​3006 °F)
Boilin pynt 3675 K ​(3402 °C, ​6156 °F)
Density near r.t. 9.841 g/cm3
when liquid, at m.p. 9.3 g/cm3
Heat o fusion ca. 22 kJ/mol
Heat o 414 kJ/mol
Molar heat capacity 26.86 J/(mol·K)
P (Pa) 1 10 100 1 k 10 k 100 k
at T (K) 1906 2103 2346 (2653) (3072) (3663)
Atomic properties
Oxidation states

3, 2, 1

(weakly basic oxide)
Electronegativity Pauling scale: 1.27
Atomic radius empirical: 174 pm
Covalent radius 187±8 pm
Crystal structur hexagonal close-packed (hcp)
Hexagonal close packed crystal structure for lutetium
Thermal expansion (r.t.) (poly) 9.9 µm/(m·K)
Thermal conductivity 16.4 W/(m·K)
Electrical resistivity (r.t.) (poly) 582 n Ω·m
Magnetic orderin paramagnetic[1]
Young's modulus 68.6 GPa
Shear modulus 27.2 GPa
Bulk modulus 47.6 GPa
Poisson ratio 0.261
Vickers haurdness 1160 MPa
Brinell haurdness 893 MPa
CAS Registry Nummer 7439-94-3
Discovery Georges Urbain an Carl Auer von Welsbach (1906)
First isolation Carl Auer von Welsbach (1906)
Maist stable isotopes
Main article: Isotopes o lutetium
iso NA hauf-life DM DE (MeV) DP
173Lu syn 1.37 y ε 0.671 173Yb
174Lu syn 3.31 y ε 1.374 174Yb
175Lu 97.41% - (α) 1.6197 171Tm
176Lu 2.59% 3.78×1010 y β 1.193 176Hf
Decay modes in parentheses are predictit, but hae nae yet been observed
· references

Lutetium is a chemical element wi the seembol Lu an atomic nummer 71. It is a sillery white metal which resists corrosion in dry, but nae in moist, air. It is the last element in the lanthanide series, an tradeetionally coontit amang the rare yirds.

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