List o French consorts

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Eugénie de Montijo, the last French consort
Marie Antoinette, queen consort of Louis XVI, wis killed the French Revolution.

This is a list of the women who have been queens consort or empresses consort o the French monarch. All monarchs o Fraunce were male, although some women have governed Fraunce as regents.

53 women were mairit tae French monarchs: 49 queens an three empresses. Ingeborg o Denmark and Anne o Brittany were each queen more than once. Marie Josephine Louise of Savoy was queen de jure during the Republican and Imperial periods, but never wife o the de facto head o the French state.

From 1285 to 1328, the crowns o Navarre an Fraunce were unitit bi virtue o the mairiage o Joan I o Navarre tae Philip IV o Fraunce, an bi the succession of their three sons, Louis X, Philip V, an Charles IV. Thus, the wives o these three kings were queens consort o Navarre as well as o Fraunce. With the daith o Charles IV, however, Navarre passed out o the hands o the French keengs until 1589, when Henry III o Navarre became Henry IV o Fraunce.

Upon Henry IV's succession, his wife, Margaret o Valois, who was already queen consort of Navarre, also became queen consort o Fraunce. Thereafter, until 1791, queens of France were also queens o Navarre. The crown of Navarre merged with the French crown in 1620, but the French kings continued to call themselves Keeng o Navarre until 1791. The teetle o Keeng o Navarre wis reassumed with the Restoration o 1814–15, but dropped with the Revolution of 1830; the Bonaparte an Orléans consorts did not use it.

Regents[eedit | eedit soorce]

Many French consorts acted as regents for their husbands or their children during the children's minorities. These were:

Catherine de' Medici served as regent for her husband and sons

Madame de Maintenon[eedit | eedit soorce]

Madame de Maintenon, mistress o Louis XIV, mairit the keeng in the winter o 1685–1686 privately bi François de Harlay de Champvallon, archbishop o Paris, in the presence, it is believed, o Père la Chaise, the keeng's confessor, the Marquis de Montchevreuil, the chevalier de Forbin, an Alexandre Bontemps. Owing tae the inequality o social status, she and the King did not mairy openly (which would have allowed her tae become queen). Nae written proof of the mairiage is extant, but that it took place is nevertheless certain. It is important tae remember that Madame de Maintenon wis niver queen o Fraunce, simply a ryal consort.

Carolingian dynasty[eedit | eedit soorce]

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became queen Coronation Ceased to be queen Death Spouse
Ermentruda kralovna.jpg Ermentrude o Orléans Odo, Coont o Orléans 823 842 869 Charles II the Bald
Richildaof Provence.gif Richilde o Provence Bivin o Gorze c. 845 870 5/6 October 877 2 Juin 910
Adela hlava.jpg Adelaide o Paris Adalard o Paris c. 850-853 Februar 875 5/6 October 877 10 Aprile 879 10 November 901 Louis II the Stammerer
Saint Richardis (fragment of The Ordeal by Fire by Dierec Bouts the Older).jpg Richardis Erchanger, Coont o Nordgau c. 840 862 12 December 884 13 Januar 888 18 September, 894-896 Charles the Fat
Théodrate o Troyes 868 before 885 Februar 888 1 Januar 898 903 Odo I
Frederonne 887 907 917 Charles III the Simple
Eadgifu of England ludvik4 mini.jpg Eadgifu of England Edward the Elder o England 902 7 October 919 922 after 955
Béatrice de Vermandois Herbert I, Coont o Vermandois c. 880 895 922 923 after 931 Robert I
Emma o Fraunce Robert I o Fraunce 894 921 13 Julie 923 934 Rudolph
Gerberga Sasko.jpg Gerberga o Saxony Henry the Fowler o Germany c. 913 939 10 September 954 5 Mey 984 Louis IV
Emma o Italy Lothair II o Italy c. 948 965 26 Mairch 986 ? Lothair
Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became queen Coronation Ceased to be queen Death Spouse

Capetian dynasty[eedit | eedit soorce]

Direct Capetians[eedit | eedit soorce]

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became queen Coronation Ceased to be queen Death Spouse Arms
Adelaide of Aquitaine.jpg Adelaide o Aquitaine William III, Duke o Aquitaine c. 945 970 3 July 987 24 October 996 1004 Hugh
Susanna of Italy.jpg Rozala o Italy Berengar II o Italy c. 937 988/989 996 996 7 Februar 1003 Robert II
Berthe de Bourgogne.jpg Bertha o Burgundy Conrad o Burgundy c. 952 996 1000 1035?
Konstancie Arles.jpg Constance o Arles William I, Coont o Provence 986 1003 20 July 1031 25 Julie 1034
Of Frisia Matilda.jpg Matilda of Frisia Liudolf, Margrave o Frisia c. 1024 1034 1044 Henry I
Anne Kiev.jpg Anne o Kiev Yaroslav I, Grand Prince o Kiev c. 1024 19 Mey 1051 4 August 1060 1075
Bertha of holland.jpg Bertha o Holland Floris I, Count o Holland c. 1055 1072 1092 1094 Philip I
Bertrade-montfort2.jpg Bertrade de Montfort Simon I de Montfort c. 1070 15 May 1092 29 Julie 1108 1117
Adelaidesavojska.jpg Adélaide de Maurienne Humbert II, Coont o Savoy 1092 3 August 1115 1 August 1137 18 November 1154 Louis VI
Illus-050-1-.jpg Eleanor o Aquitaine William X, Duke o Aquitaine 1122 22 July 1137 1137 25 December 1137 21 Mairch 1152
annulment
1 Aprile 1204 Louis VIIe
Constance Castile odLouise7.jpg Constance o Castile Alfonso VII o León an Castile 1141 1154 1154 1160
Adela von Champagne.jpg Adèle o Champagne Theobald II, Coont o Champagne c. 1140 1164 ? 18 September 1180 4 Juin 1206
IsabelladeHainault.jpg Isabelle o Hainaut Baldwin V, Count o Hainaut 5 Aprile 1170 1180 29 Mey 1180 1190 Philip II Blason pays fr FranceAncien.svgBlason fr Hainaut ancien.svg
Ingeborg of denmark.jpg Ingeborg o Denmark Valdemar I o Denmark 1175 15 August 1193 25 August 1193 5 November 1193
separated
29 Julie 1236 Blason pays fr FranceAncien.svgArmoiries Danemark.svg
AnezkaMeranska.jpg Agnes o Merania Berthold IV, Duke o Merania about 1175 June 1196 ? 1200
repudiated
20 Julie 1201 Blason pays fr FranceAncien.svgCOA family de Méranie.svg
Ingeborg of denmark.jpg Ingeborg o Denmark Valdemar I o Denmark 1175 15 August 1193 1200
restored
14 Julie 1223
husband's daith
29 Julie 1236 Blason pays fr FranceAncien.svgArmoiries Danemark.svg
Blanche of Castile.jpg Blanche o Castile Alfonso VIII o Castile 4 Mairch1188 22 Mey 1200 14 Julie 1223 6 August 1223 8 November 1226 26 November 1252 Louis VIII Blason pays fr FranceAncien.svgBlason Castille.svg
MarkProvence.jpg Marguerite o Provence Ramon Berenguer IV, Count o Provence c. 1221 27 May 1234 ? 25 August 1270 21 December 1295 Louis IX Blason pays fr FranceAncien.svgAragon arms.svg
Isabella of Aragon - psychology of dress.jpg Isabella o Aragon James I o Aragon 1247 28 May 1262 25 August 1270 Not crowned 28 Januar 1271 Philip III Blason pays fr FranceAncien.svgAragon arms.svg
Marie of Brabant.jpg Marie o Brabant Henry III, Duke o Brabant 1254 21 August 1274 24 Juin 1275 5 October 1285 10 Januar 1321 COA franch queen Marie de Brabant.svg
Jeanne de champagne.jpg Joan I o Navarre Henry I o Navarre c. 14 Januar 1271 16 August 1284 5 October 1285 ? 4 Aprile 1305 Philip IV COA french queen Jeanne de Champagne.svg
MargueriteBourgogne.gif Marguerite o Burgundy Robert II, Duke o Burgundy 1290 23 September 1305 29 November 1314 uncrowned 15 August 1315 Louis X Imprisoned during her husband's reign due to the Tour de Nesle Affair. Arms unknown.
Clémence d'Anjou.jpg Clementia o Hungary Charles Martel o Anjou 1293 19 August 1315 24 August 1315 5 Juin 1316 12 October 1328 COA french queen Clémence de Hongrie.svg
Jeanne II, Countess of Burgundy, Queen of France and Navarre.jpg Jeanne II, Countess of Burgundy Otto IV, Count of Burgundy 1291 1307 20 November 1316 9 Januar 3 Januar 1322 21 January 1330 Philip V of France COA french queen Jeanne de Bourgogne (comtale).svg
Blanka hlava.jpg Blanche of Burgundy c. 1296 1308 3 Januar 1322 uncrowned 19 May 1322 Aprile 1326 Charles IV Imprisoned during her husband's reign due to the Tour de Nesle Affair. Arms unknown.
Marieluxembourgfrenchqueen.jpg Marie de Luxembourg Henry VII, Haly Roman Emperor 1304 21 September 1322 15 Mey 1323 26 Mairch 1324 COA french queen Marie de Luxembourg.svg
Jeanne d'Évreux mini.jpg Jeanne d'Évreux Louis, Count o Évreux 1310 5 Julie 1325 11 Mey 1326 1 Februar 1328 husband's daith 4 Mairch 1371 COA french queen Jeanne d'Évreux.svg
Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became queen Coronation Ceased to be queen Death Spouse Arms

Hoose o Valois[eedit | eedit soorce]

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became queen Coronation Ceased to be queen Death Spouse Arms
80px Joan the Lame Robert II, Duke o Burgundy 24 Juin 1293 July 1313 1 Februar/1 Aprile 1328 27 Mey 1328 12 September 1348 Philip VI CoA of Jeanne of Bourgogne (1293-1349).png
Blanche of Navarre (1331–1398).jpg Blanche o Navarre Philip III o Navarre 1330–1333 29 January 1350 not crowned 22 August 1350 husband's daith 5 October 1398 CoA of Blanche of Navarre.png
Joan I of Auvergne.jpg Jeanne Auvergne William XII, Coont o Auvergne 8 Mey 1326 13 Februar 1349 22 August 1350 26 September 1350 29 September 1360 John II CoA of Jeanne of Auvergne.png
Johana Bourbon.jpg Jeanne de Bourbon Peter I, Duke o Bourbon 3 Februar 1338 1350 8 April 1364 19 Mey 1364 4 Februar 1378 Charles V CoA of Joan of Bourbon.png
Isabeau de Baviere (detail).jpg Isabeau o Bavarie Stephen III, Duke o Bavarie c. 1370 17 July 1385 1389 21 October 1422
husband's daith
24 September 1435 Charles VI CoA of Isabeau of Bavaria (round shild).png
Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became queen Coronation Ceased to be queen Death Spouse Arms

Hoose o Lancaster[eedit | eedit soorce]

Some sources refer to Marguerite o Anjou as Queen o Fraunce, but her right tae enjoy that teetle is disputed. She wis briefly recognised only in Inglis-controlled territories of France.

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became queen Coronation Ceased to be queen Death Spouse Arms
MargaretAnjou.jpg Marguerite o Anjou René I o Naples 23 Mairch 1430 23 April 1445 nae crowned as Queen o Fraunce 19 October 1453
defeat o the Inglis in the Hunder Years' War
25 August 1482 Henry VI o Ingland Arms of Margaret of Anjou.svg
Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became queen Coronation Ceased to be queen Death Spouse Arms

Capetian dynasty[eedit | eedit soorce]

Hoose o Valois[eedit | eedit soorce]

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became queen Coronation Ceased to be queen Death Spouse Arms
MarieAnjou BNF.jpg Marie of Anjou Louis II o Naples 14 October 1404 18 December 1422 ? 22 Julie 1461
husband's daith
1463 Charles VII CoA of Marie of Anjou.png
Charlotte of Savoy.PNG Charlotte o Savoy Louis, Duke o Savoy 1443 14 February 1451 22 July 1461 ? 30 August 1483
husband's daith
1 December 1483 Louis XI CoA of Charlotte of Savoy.png
BNF - Latin 9474 - Jean Bourdichon - Grandes Heures d'Anne de Bretagne - f. 3r - Anne de Bretagne entre trois saintes (détail).jpg Anne o Brittany Francis II, Duke o Brittany 25 Januar 1477 6 December 1491 8 Februar 1492 7 April 1498
husband's daith
9 Januar 1514 Charles VIII Coat of Arms of Anne de Bretagne.svg
Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became queen Coronation Ceased to be queen Death Spouse Arms

Hoose o Valois (Orléans branch)[eedit | eedit soorce]

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became queen Coronation Ceased to be queen Death Spouse Arms
Joan of Valois Queen of France.jpg Jeanne o Valois Louis XI o Fraunce 23 Aprile 1464 8 September 1476 7 April 1498
husband's ascension
Not crowned December 1498
annulment
4 February 1505 Louis XII CoA of Joan of France.png
BNF - Latin 9474 - Jean Bourdichon - Grandes Heures d'Anne de Bretagne - f. 3r - Anne de Bretagne entre trois saintes (détail).jpg Anne of Brittany Francis II, Duke of Brittany 25 January 1477 8 Januar 1499 18 November 1504 9 January 1514 Coat of Arms of Anne de Bretagne.svg
1496 Mary Tudor.jpg Mary Tudor Henry VII o Ingland 18 Mairch 1496 9 October 1514 5 November 1514 1 Januar 1515
husband's daith
25 Juin 1533 CoA of Mary of England.png
Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became queen Coronation Ceased to be queen Death Spouse Arms

Hoose o Valois (Angoulême branch)[eedit | eedit soorce]

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became queen Coronation Ceased to be queen Death Spouse Arms
ClaudeFranceEdit.JPG Claude o Fraunce Louis XII o Fraunce 14 October 1499 18 May 1514 1 Januar 1515
husband's ascension
10 Mey 1517 20 Julie 1524 Francis I Coat of Arms of Claude de France.svg
Joos van Cleve 003.jpg Eleanor o Austrick Philip I o Castile 15 November 1498 4 July 1530 5 March 1532 31 March 1547
husband's daith
25 Februar 1558 CoA of Eleanor of Austria.png
Catherine de Medicis.jpg Catherine de' Medici Lorenzo II de' Medici, Duke o Urbino 13 April 1519 28 October 1533 31 Mairch 1547
husband's ascension
10 Juin 1549 10 Julie 1559
husband's death
5 January 1589 Henry II CoA of Catherine de' Medici.png
MaryStuartbyClouet.jpg Mary, Queen o Scots James V o Scotland 8 December 1542 24 April 1558 10 Julie 1559
husband's ascension
Not crowned
because already crowned Queen o Scotland
5 December 1560
husband's daith
8 Februar 1587 Francis II Royal Arms of the Kingdom of Scotland (1559-1560).svg
François Clouet 003.jpg Elisabeth o Austrick Maximilian II, Haly Roman Emperor 5 June 1554 26 November 1570 25 March 1571 30 May 1574
husband's death
22 January 1592 Charles IX CoA of Elizabeth of Austria (queen of France).png
80px Louise o Lorraine Nicholas o Lorraine, Duke of Mercœur 30 Aprile 1553 13 Februar 1575 Not crowned 2 August 1589
husband's daith
29 Januar 1601 Henry III CoA of Louise of Lorraine-Vaudemont.png
Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became queen Coronation Ceased to be queen Death Spouse Arms

Bourbons o Fraunce[eedit | eedit soorce]

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became queen Coronation Ceased to be queen Death Spouse Arms
Reine Marguerite de Valois.jpg Marguerite o Fraunce Henry II o Fraunce 14 Mey 1553 18 August 1572 2 August 1589
husband's accession
Not crowned 1599
marriage annulled
27 March 1615 Henry IV CoA of Marguerite of France.png
0 Marie de Médicis - Frans Pourbus le Jeune - Louvre (INV1710) - (2).JPG Marie de' Medici Francesco I de' Medici, Grand Duke o Tuscany 26 April 1573 5 October? 1600 13 Mey 1610 14 Mey 1610
husband's daith
3 July 1642 CoA of Marie of Medicis.png
Anna of Austria by Rubens (1622-1625, Norton Simon Museum).jpg Anne o Austrick Philip III o Spain 22 September 1601 24 November 1615 Not crowned 14 May 1643
husband's death
20 Januar 1666 Louis XIII CoA of Anne of Austria.png
Portrait of Marie Thérèse of Austria as Queen of France by Charles Beaubrun.jpg Maria Theresa o Austrick Philip IV o Spain 10 September 1638 9 Juin 1660 Not crowned 30 Julie 1683 Louis XIV CoA of Marie Thérèse of Austria.png
Marie Leszczyńska by Jean-Baptiste van Loo.jpg Marie Leszczyńska Stanisław I o Poland 23 Juin 1703 4 September 1725 Not crowned 24 Juin 1768 Louis XV Marie Leczsinska.png
Marie-Antoinette par Elisabeth Vigée-Lebrun - 1783.jpg Marie Antoinette o Austrick Francis I, Haly Roman Emperor 2 November 1755 19 Aprile 1770 (bi proxy)
16 Mey 1770
10 Mey 1774
husband's ascension
Not crowned 21 September 1792
husband's deposition
16 October 1793
executed
Louis XVI CoA of Marie-Antoinette of Austria.png
Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became queen Coronation Ceased to be queen Death Spouse Arms

Bonaparte[eedit | eedit soorce]

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became empress Coronation Ceased to be empress Death Spouse Arms
80px Joséphine de Beauharnais Joseph-Gaspard Tascher 23 June 1763 9 March 1796 18 May 1804
husband's ascension
2 December 1804 10 Januar 1810
divorce
29 May 1814 Napoleon I Blason Imperatrice Josephine.svg
80px Marie Louise o Austrick Francis II, Haly Roman Emperor 12 December 1791 11 Mairch 1810 (bi proxy)
1 Aprile 1810
Not crowned 6 April 1814
husband's abdication
17 December 1847 Blason de Marie-Louise d'Autriche, Impératrice des Français.svg
Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became empress Coronation Ceased to be empress Death Spouse Arms

Capetian dynasty[eedit | eedit soorce]

Bourbons o Fraunce[eedit | eedit soorce]

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became queen Coronation Ceased to be queen Death Spouse Arms
Caminade - Duchesse d'Angouleme.jpg Marie Thérèse o Fraunce Louis XVI o Fraunce 19 December 1778 June 1799 2 August 1830 for 20 minutes niver crouned 2 August 1830
husband's abdication
19 October 1851 Louis XIX CoA of Marie-Thérèse of France.png

Hoose o Orléans[eedit | eedit soorce]

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became queen Coronation Ceased to be queen Death Spouse Arms
Marie-Amélie de Bourbon 1.JPG Maria Amalia o Naples an Sicily Ferdinand I o the Twa Sicilies 26 April 1782 25 November 1809 9 August 1830
husband's ascension
Not crowned 24 February 1848
husband's abdication
24 Mairch 1866 Louis-Philippe I Coat of arms of Marie Amélie of the Two Sicilies as Queen of the French.png

Bonaparte dynasty[eedit | eedit soorce]

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became empress Coronation Ceased to be empress Death Spouse Arms
80px Eugénie de Montijo Cipriano de Palafox y Portocarrero, Coont o Montijo 5 Mey 1826 30 Januar 1853 Not crowned 4 September 1870
husband's deposition
11 Julie 1920 Napoleon III Grand coat of arms of Empress Eugenie.svg

References[eedit | eedit soorce]