Liprosy

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Liprosy
SynonymsHansen's disease (HD)
Leprosy.jpg
A 24-year-auld man wi liprosy (1886)
SpecialtyInfectious disease
SymptomsDecreased abeelity tae feel pyne[1]
CausesMycobacterium leprae or Mycobacterium lepromatosis[2][3]
Risk factorsClose contact wi a case of liprosy, leevin in poverty[1][4]
TreatmentMultidrug therapy[2]
MedicationRifampicin, dapsone, clofazimine[1]
Frequency514,000 (2015)[5]

Liprosy, an aa kent as Hansen's disease (HD), is a long-term infection bi the bacterium Mycobacterium leprae or Mycobacterium lepromatosis.[2][3] Ineetially, infections are withoot symptoms an teepically remeen this wey for 5 tae 20 years.[2] Symptoms that develop include granulomas o the nerves, respiratory tract, skin, an een.[2] This mey result in a lack o ability tae feel pain, sicweys loss o pairts o extremities due tae repeatit injuries or infection due tae unnoticed wounds.[1] Weakness and poor eyesight may also be present.[1]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 Suzuki K, Akama T, Kawashima A, Yoshihara A, Yotsu RR, Ishii N (February 2012). "Current status of leprosy: epidemiology, basic science and clinical perspectives". The Journal of dermatology. 39 (2): 121–9. doi:10.1111/j.1346-8138.2011.01370.x. PMID 21973237. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 "Leprosy Fact sheet N°101". World Health Organization. January 2014. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 "New Leprosy Bacterium: Scientists Use Genetic Fingerprint To Nail 'Killing Organism'". ScienceDaily. 2008-11-28. Retrieved 2010-01-31. 
  4. Schreuder, P.A.M.; Noto, S.; Richardus J.H. (January 2016). "Epidemiologic trends of leprosy for the 21st century". Clinics in Dermatology. 34 (1): 24–31. doi:10.1016/j.clindermatol.2015.11.001. PMID 26773620. 
  5. GBD 2015 Disease and Injury Incidence and Prevalence, Collaborators. (8 October 2016). "Global, regional, and national incidence, prevalence, and years lived with disability for 310 diseases and injuries, 1990-2015: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015". Lancet. 388 (10053): 1545–1602. PMID 27733282.