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Synonyms Hansen's disease (HD)
A 24-year-auld man wi liprosy (1886)
Specialty Infectious disease
Symptoms Decreased abeelity tae feel pyne[1]
Causes Mycobacterium leprae or Mycobacterium lepromatosis[2][3]
Risk factors Close contact wi a case of liprosy, leevin in poverty[1][4]
Treatment Multidrug therapy[2]
Medication Rifampicin, dapsone, clofazimine[1]
Frequency 514,000 (2015)[5]

Liprosy, an aa kent as Hansen's disease (HD), is a long-term infection bi the bacterium Mycobacterium leprae or Mycobacterium lepromatosis.[2][3] Ineetially, infections are withoot symptoms an teepically remeen this wey for 5 tae 20 years.[2] Symptoms that develop include granulomas o the nerves, respiratory tract, skin, an een.[2] This mey result in a lack o ability tae feel pain, sicweys loss o pairts o extremities due tae repeatit injuries or infection due tae unnoticed wounds.[1] Weakness and poor eyesight may also be present.[1]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 Suzuki K, Akama T, Kawashima A, Yoshihara A, Yotsu RR, Ishii N (Februar 2012). "Current status of leprosy: epidemiology, basic science and clinical perspectives.". The Journal of dermatology. 39 (2): 121–9. PMID 21973237. doi:10.1111/j.1346-8138.2011.01370.x. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 "Leprosy Fact sheet N°101". World Health Organization. Januar 2014. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 "New Leprosy Bacterium: Scientists Use Genetic Fingerprint To Nail 'Killing Organism'". ScienceDaily. 2008-11-28. Retrieved 2010-01-31. 
  4. Schreuder, P.A.M.; Noto, S.; Richardus J.H. (Januar 2016). "Epidemiologic trends of leprosy for the 21st century". Clinics in Dermatology. 34 (1): 24–31. PMID 26773620. doi:10.1016/j.clindermatol.2015.11.001. 
  5. GBD 2015 Disease and Injury Incidence and Prevalence, Collaborators. (8 October 2016). "Global, regional, and national incidence, prevalence, and years lived with disability for 310 diseases and injuries, 1990-2015: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015.". Lancet. 388 (10053): 1545–1602. PMID 27733282.