Libuše, Libussa or, historically Lubossa, is a legendar ancestor o the Přemyslid dynasty an the Czech fowk as whole. Libuše wis the wisest o the three sisters an prophesisit the foondation o Prague (which in Czech means: "threshauld") frae her castle Libušín (accordin tae later legends, Vyšehrad). She is supposed tae hae foondit the ceety o Prague durin the 8t century.
The story[eedit | eedit soorce]
Libuše is said tae hae been the dochter o the equally meethical Czech ruler Krok, an the youngest amang his dochters, the healer Kazi an the magician Teta. She wis chosen bi her faither as his successor (a judge). Awtho she pruivit hersel as a wise chieftain, the male pairt o the tribe wis displeasit that their ruler wis a wumman.
They askit Libuše tae chuise a male prince for the fowk, so she relatit a vision wherein she saw a fermer wi ane breuken sandal, ploughin a field. She instructit her cooncilmen tae seek oot this man, notin that they wad fynd him ploughin a field. Their search led thaim tae Přemysl, frae the veelage o Stadice, who wis foond exactly as haed been foreseen.
Since Přemysl abandoned his plough in the middle o the field he wis ploughin, famine wis anticipatit for the laund an did actually come about. The twa grandees who foond Přemysl brocht him tae the princely palace. Přemysl the Ploughman thus became ruler; Libuše marriet him an became the mither o Nezamysl. This wis the beginnin o the Přemyslid dynasty in the Czech launds.
Airts[eedit | eedit soorce]
The mythical figur o Libuše gave material for several dramatic wirks, includin Libussa, a tragedy bi Franz Grillparzer, Libuše, an opera bi Bedřich Smetana an Pole a palisáda, a novel bi Miloš Urban. She is featured as a character in Edward Einhorn's play, Rudolf II an aw.
In 2009, an American-Czech film version o the Libuše an Přemysl story wis released unner the name The Pagan Queen.
See an aw[eedit | eedit soorce]
- Leet o rulers o Bohemie
- Libuse, Louisiana, a toun in the Unitit States namit for Libuše bi its Czech immigrant foonders
References[eedit | eedit soorce]
- Peter Demetz. Prague in Black and Gold: Scenes from the Life of a European City. Hill and Wang, 1997. p. 3. ISBN 978-0-8090-1609-9
- Peter Demetz. Prague in Black and Gold: Scenes from the Life of a European City. Hill and Wang, 1997. p. 17. ISBN 978-0-8090-1609-9 – Many manuscripts of the Chronicle of Bohemia spell her name "Lubossa".
- Rudolf II, world premiere
Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]
- Media relatit tae Libuše at Wikimedia Commons