Liao dynasty

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Liao dynasty
Sinicised nomadic empire
Conquest Dynasty
in northren Cheenae
Liao dynasty at its greatest extent, c. 1000
Caipital Shangjing1
Leids Khitan, Middle Cheenese
Releegion Buddhism
Khitan tradeetional animism

Influences frae:
Government Monarchy
 -  907–926 Taizu (Abaoji)
 -  926–947 Taizong
 -  947–951 Shizong
 -  951–969 Muzong
 -  969–982 Jingzong
 -  982–1031 Shengzong
 -  1031–1055 Xingzong
 -  1055–1101 Daozong
 -  1101–1125 Tianzuo
 -  Abaoji begins militar campaigns 901
 -  Abaoji acomes the Great Khan o Khitan 907
 -  Abaoji assumes the teetle o Celestial Emperor 916
 -  "Greater Liao" adoptit as a dynastic name 947
 -  Liao an Song Dynasties sign the Chanyuan Treaty 1005
 -  Emergence o Jin dynasty 1114–1115
 -  Emperor Tianzuo capturt bi Jin 1125
 -  Qara Khitai established 1124
 -  947 est.[1][2] 2,600,000 km² (1,003,866 sq mi)
 -  1111 est. 4,000,000 km² (1,544,409 sq mi)
Precedit bi
Succeedit bi
Khitan fowk
Tang dynasty
Uyghur Khaganate
Later Jìn
Kumo Xi
Jīn dynasty
Northren Liao
Wastren Xia
Qara Khitai
Khamag Mongol
Kinrick o Qocho
The day pairt o Cheenae (PRC), Mongolie, Kazakhstan, Roushie, North Korea
1. Shangjing wis the first o five caipitals that war established, aw o which served concurrently as regional caipitals.
Wairnin: Value specified for "continent" does not comply

The Liao dynasty (Khitan: Mos Jælud; simplifeed Cheenese: 辽朝; traditeeonal Cheenese: 遼朝; pinyin: Liáo cháo),[3] offeecially the Great Liao (Cheenese: 大遼; pinyin: Dà Liáo), an aa kent as the Khitan Empire (Khitan: Mos diau-d kitai huldʒi gur; Cheenese: 契丹国; pinyin: Qìdān guó)[4] an the Liao Empire, wis an empire in East Asie that ruled frae 907 tae 1125 ower present-day Mongolie an portions o the Roushie Far East, northren Korea, an northren Cheenae.[5] The Liao dynasty wis foonded bi Abaoji, Khagan o the Khitan fowk aroond the time o the collapse o Tang Cheenae. It wis the first state to control aw o Manchurie.[6]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Turchin, Adams, and Hall (2006), 222.
  2. Rein Taagepera (September 1997). "Expansion and Contraction Patterns of Large Polities: Context for Russia". International Studies Quarterly 41 (3): 475–504.
  3. (in Cheenese) 愛新覚羅烏拉熙春 (Aisin-Gioro Ulhicun) (2009). "Khitan large E2BB.png". 愛新覚羅烏拉熙春女真契丹学研究. Shōkadō (松香堂).  Unkent parameter |trans_title= ignored (help); Freemit airtin in |chapter= (help)
  4. (in Cheenese) 愛新覚羅烏拉熙春 (Aisin-Gioro Ulhicun) (2009). "契丹文dan gur與「東丹國」國號:兼評劉浦江「再談"東丹國"國号問題」 (Original Meaning of Dan gur in the Khitai Scripts: with a Discussion of the State Name of the Dongdanguo)". 愛新覚羅烏拉熙春女真契丹学研究. Shōkadō (松香堂).  Unkent parameter |trans_title= ignored (help); Freemit airtin in |chapter= (help)
  5. Ledyard, 1983, 323
  6. Ruins of Identity: Ethnogenesis in the Japanese Islands By Mark Hudson