Leptospirosis

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Leptospirosis
Synonyms Field fiver,[1] ratton catcher's yellaes,[2] pretibial fiver[3]
Leptospirosis darkfield.jpg
Leptospira magnifee'd 200-fauld wi daurk-field microscope
Specialty Infectious disease
Symptoms Nane, heidaches, muscle pynes, fivers[4]
Complications Bleedin frae the lungs, meningitis, neer failyie[4][5]
Causes Leptospira teepically spread bi rodents[4][6]
Diagnostic method Testin bluid for antibouks against the bacterium or its DNA[7]
Seemilar condeetions Malaria, enteric fiver, rickettsiosis, dengue[8]
Treatment Doxycycline, penicillin, ceftriaxone[4]
Frequency ~8.5 million fowk per year[9]
Daiths Unkent[9]

Leptospirosis is an infection caused bi corkscrew-shaped bacteria cried Leptospira.[4] Signs an symptoms can range frae none tae mild sic as headaches, muscle pynes, an fivers; tae severe wi bleedin frae the lungs or meningitis.[4][5] If the infection causes the person tae turn yellae, hae neer failyie an bleedin, it is then kent as Weil's disease.[5] If it an aa causes bleedin intae the lungs then it is kent as severe pulmonary hemorrhage syndrome.[5]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Mosby's Medical Dictionary (9 ed.). Elsevier Health Sciences. 2013. p. 697. ISBN 9780323112581. Archived frae the oreeginal on 8 September 2017. 
  2. McKay, James E. (2001). Comprehensive health care for dogs. Minnetonka, MN.: Creative Pub. International. p. 97. ISBN 9781559717830. 
  3. James, William D.; Berger, Timothy G.; et al. (2006). Andrews' Diseases of the Skin: clinical Dermatology. Saunders Elsevier. ISBN 0-7216-2921-0. :290
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 Slack, A (Jul 2010). "Leptospirosis". Australian Family Pphysician. 39 (7): 495–8. PMID 20628664. 
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 McBride, AJ; Athanazio, DA; Reis, MG; Ko, AI (Oct 2005). "Leptospirosis". Current Opinion in Infectious Diseases. 18 (5): 376–86. doi:10.1097/01.qco.0000178824.05715.2c. PMID 16148523. 
  6. Wasiński B, Dutkiewicz J (2013). "Leptospirosis—current risk factors connected with human activity and the environment". Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine. 20 (2): 239–44. PMID 23772568. Archived frae the oreeginal on 14 September 2014. 
  7. Picardeau M (January 2013). "Diagnosis and epidemiology of leptospirosis". Médecine et Maladies Infectieuses. 43 (1): 1–9. doi:10.1016/j.medmal.2012.11.005. PMID 23337900. 
  8. Farrar, Jeremy; Hotez, Peter; Junghanss, Thomas; Kang, Gagandeep; Lalloo, David; White, Nicholas J. (2013). Manson's Tropical Diseases E-Book (in Inglis). Elsevier Health Sciences. p. 438. ISBN 9780702053061. Archived frae the oreeginal on 8 September 2017. 
  9. 9.0 9.1 "Leptospirosis". NHS. 11 July 2012. Archived frae the oreeginal on 14 March 2014. Retrieved 14 March 2014.