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A graticule on a sphere or an ellipsoid. The lines frae pole tae pole are lines o constant longitude, or meridians. The circles parallel tae the equator are lines o constant latitude, or parallels. The graticule determines the latitude an longitude o poseetion on the surface.

In geografie, latitude (φ) is a geographic coordinate that specifies the north-south poseetion o a pynt on the Yird's surface. Latitude is an angle (defined below) which ranges frae 0° at the Equator tae 90° (North or Sooth) at the poles.