Lactose intolerance

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Lactose intolerance
SynonymsLactase deficiency, hypolactasia, alactasia
Lactose Haworth.svg
Lactose is made up o two simple sugars
SpecialtyGastroenterology
SymptomsAbdominal pain, bloatin, diarrhoea, gas, nausea[1]
ComplicationsDaes nae cause damage tae the GI tract[2]
Uisual onset30–120 min efter dairy products[1]
CausesDecreased abeelity tae digeest lactose (genetic, smaw intestine injur)[1]
Diagnostic methodSymptoms resolve follaein eliminatin lactose[1]
Seemilar condeetionsIrritable bouel syndrome, coeliac disease, inflammatory bouel disease, milk allergy[1]
TreatmentDecreasin lactose in the diet, lactase supplements, treat the unnerleein cause[1]
Frequency10% (Northren Europe) tae 95% (pairts o Asie an Africae)[3]

Lactose intolerance is a condeetion in that fowk hae symptoms due tae the decreased ability tae digeest lactose, a succar foond in dairy products.[1]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 "Lactose Intolerance". NIDDK. June 2014. Archived frae the oreeginal on 25 October 2016. Retrieved 25 October 2016. 
  2. Heyman MB (September 2006). "Lactose intolerance in infants, children, and adolescents". Pediatrics. 118 (3): 1279–86. doi:10.1542/peds.2006-1721. PMID 16951027. 
  3. Deng Y, Misselwitz B, Dai N, Fox M (September 2015). "Lactose Intolerance in Adults: Biological Mechanism and Dietary Management". Nutrients (Review). 7 (9): 8020–35. doi:10.3390/nu7095380. PMC 4586575Freely accessible. PMID 26393648.