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Restored North Entrance wi chairgin bull fresco
Crete, shawin Heraklion, location o auncient Knōsos
|Location||Heraklion, Crete, Greece|
|Region||North central coast, 5 km (3.1 mi) sootheast o Heraklion|
|Teep||Palace complex, admeenistrative centre, caipital o Crete an regions within its jurisdiction|
|Lenth||North-south length o inhabitit aurie is 5 km (3.1 mi)|
|Width||East-west width o inhabitit aurie is 3 km (1.9 mi) max.|
|Aurie||Tot inhabitit aurie is 10 km2 (3.9 sq mi). The palace biggin itsel is 14,000 m2 (150,000 sq ft)|
|Material||Ashlar blocks o limestane or gypsum, wid, mud-brick, rubble for fill, plaster|
|Foondit||The first settlement dates tae aboot 7000 BC. The first palace dates tae 1900 BC.|
|Abandoned||At some time in Late Minoan IIIC, 1380–1100 BC|
|Periods||Neolithic tae Late Bronze Age. The first palace wis biggit in the Middle Minoan IA period.|
|Associatit wi||In the Middle Minoan, fowk o unkent ethnicity termed Minoans; in the Late Minoan, bi Mycenaean Greeks|
|Airchaeologists||For the ineetial teams' wirk discoverin the palace: Arthur Evans; David George Hogarth, Director o the British School of Archaeology at Athens; Duncan Mackenzie, superintendent o excavation; Theodore Fyfe, Architect; Christian Doll, Architect|
For the addeetional wirk on the Neolithic stairtin in 1957: John Davies Evans
|Condeetion||Restored an maintained for veesitation. Evans uised mainly concrete. Modren interventions include open ruifin o fragile areas, stabilised sile, paved walkways, non-slip widden ramps, trash receptacles, perimeter barbed wire fence, security lichtin, retail store an dinin ruim|
|Ainership||Oreeginally ained bi Cretans, then bi Arthur Evans, follaed bi the British School at Athens, an finally bi the current ainer, the Republic o Greece.|
|Management||23rd Ephorate of Prehistoric and Classical Antiquities|
|Wabsteid||"Knossos". British School at Athens.|
"Knossos". Odysseus. Hellenic Ministry of Culture and Tourism. 2007.
|Current activity is preservational. Restoration is extensive. Painted concrete was used for wood in the pillars. The frecoes often were recreated from a few flakes of painted plaster.|
References[eedit | eedit soorce]
- Papadopoulos, John K (1997), "Knossos", in Delatorre, Marta (ed.), The conservation of archaeological sites in the Mediterranean region : an international conference organized by the Getty Conservation Institute and the Paul Getty Museum, 6–12 May 1995, Los Angeles: The Paul Getty Trust, p. 93
- McEnroe, John C. (2010). Architecture of Minoan Crete: Constructing Identity in the Aegean Bronze Age. Austin: University of Texas Press. p. 50. Houever, Davaras & Doumas 1957, p. 5, an offeecial guide beuk in uise in past years, gives the dimensions of the palace as 150 m (490 ft) square, aboot 20,000 m2 (220,000 sq ft). A certain amoont o subjectivity is undoubtedly involved in settin the borders for meisurment.
- Stratis, James C. (October 2005), Kommos Archaeological Site Conservation Report (PDF), kommosconservancy.org
- EB (1911), p. 573.
- EB (1878).
- Todd Whitelaw 2012, p. 223.