Khazars

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Kinrick o Khazarie
Khazar Qağanate
618?–1048?
Khazar Khaganate, 650–850
Caipital Balanjar (650-720 ca.)
Semender(720s-750)
Atil (750-ca.967-969)
Leid(s) Turkic Khazar
Releegion Tengriism, Shamanism, Christianity,[1] Slavic Paganism, Judaism,[2] an Islam
Political structure Khazar Qağanate
Khagan
 − 618–628 Tong Yabghu
 − 9t century Obadiah
 − 9t century Zachariah
 − 9t century Bulan
 − 9t century Benjamin
 − 9t century Aaron
Historical era Middle Ages
 - Established 618?
 - Disestablished 1048?
Population
 − 7t century[3] est. 1,400,000 
Siller Yarmaq

The Khazars (Greek: Χάζαροι, Ebreu: כוזרים‎‎ (Kuzarim),[4] Turkis: Hazarlar‎, Tatar: Xäzärlär, Arabic: خزر‎ (khazar), Roushie: Хазары, Persian: خزر,Laitin: Gazari[5][6]/Cosri[7]/Gasani[8][9]) wur a semi-nomadic Turkic fowk who creatit the maist pouerfu Wastren steppe empire, Khazarie, atween the late 7t an 10t centuries.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Golden 2007b, p. 136
  2. Wexler 1996, p. 50
  3. Herlihy 1972, pp. 136–148;Russell1972, pp. 25–71.This figure has been calculated on the basis of the data in both Herlihy and Russell's work.
  4. Luttwak 2009, p. 152.'Khazars (Hebrew:Kuzarim).'
  5. Meserve 2009, p. 294, n.164.
  6. Golden 2007b, p. 139.'The Gazari are, presumably, the Khazars, though this term or the Kozary of the perhaps near contemporary Vita Constantini . . could have reflected any of a number of peoples within Khazaria.'
  7. Judah Halevi's Sefer ha-Kuzari was translated into Latin as Liber Cosri: continens colloquium seu disputationem de religione, habitam ante nongentos annos, inter regem cosarreorum, & R. Isaacum Sangarum Judæum.(1660)
  8. Golden 2001a, p. 33.'Somewhat later, however, in a letter to the Byzantine Emperor Basil I, dated to 871, Louis the German, clearly taking exception to what had apparently become Byzantine usage, declares that 'we have not found that the leader of the Avars, or Khazars (Gasanorum),'
  9. Petrukhin 2007, p. 255