Kalmar Union

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1397–1523
Banner o Kalmar Union
Banner
Arms of Eric of Pomerania o Kalmar Union
Arms of Eric of Pomerania
The Kalmar Union, c. 1400
The Kalmar Union, c. 1400
StatusPersonal union
Caipital
Common leidsOfficial use: Middle Danish, Old Swedish, Middle Norwegian, Renaissance Latin
Also spoken: Middle Icelandic, Old Faroese, Norn, Greenlandic Norse, Middle Low German, Finnish, Sami, Greenlandic, Karelian
Releegion
Roman Catholicism
GovrenmentPersonal union
Regent 
• 1387–1412a
Margaret I (first)
• 1513–23b
Christian II (last)
LegislaturRiksråd an Herredag
(ane in each kinrick)
Historical eraLate Middle Ages
• Established
17 Juin 1397
• Engelbrekt rebellion
1434–36
• Stockholm Bloodbath
November 1520
• Gustav Vasa electit Keeng o Swaden
6 Juin 1523
• Disestablished
1523
• Dens Rigsråd annexes Norawa
1536
CurrencyMark, Örtug, Penning
Precedit bi
Succeedit bi
State Banner of Denmark (14th Century).svg Kinrick o Denmark
Hereditary Kinrick o Norawa
Royal arms of Norway.svg Norse Empire
Shield of arms of Sweden.svg Kinrick o Swaden
Dens colonial empire
Denmark–Norawa
Kinrick o Swaden Sweden-Flag-1562.svg
  1. Margaret I ruled Denmark 1387–1412, Norawa 1388–1389, an Swaden 1389–1412
  2. Christian II ruled Denmark and Norway 1513–1523; Swaden 1520–1521

The Kalmar Union or Union o Kalmaris (Dens, Norse an Swadish: Kalmarunionen; Laitin: Unio Calmariensis) wis a personal union that frae 1397 tae 1523[1] jyned unner a single monarch the three kinricks o Denmark, Swaden (then includin Finland), an Norawa, thegither wi Norawa's owerseas dependencies (then includin Iceland, Greenland, the Faroe Islands an the Northren Isles).

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Harald Gustafsson, "A State that Failed?" Scandinavian Journal of History (2006) 32#3 pp 205-220

Coordinates: 55°40′N 12°34′E / 55.667°N 12.567°E / 55.667; 12.567