Joseph Rotblat

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Sir Joseph Rotblat
KCMG CBE FRS
Josef Rotblat ID badge.png
Los Alamos badge photograph, 1944
BornJózef Rotblat
4 November 1908(1908-11-04)
Warsaw, Poland
Died31 August 2005(2005-08-31) (aged 96)
London, Unitit Kinrick
ResidencePoland (until 1938)
Unitit Kinrick
NaitionalityBreetish-Pols
Alma mater
Kent for
Hauf-marrae(s)Tola Rotblat[3]
Awairds
Scientific career
FieldsPheesics
Institutions
ThesisDetermination of a number of neutrons emitted from a source (1950)

Sir Joseph (Józef) Rotblat KCMG CBE FRS[4] (4 November 1908 – 31 August 2005) wis a Pols pheesicist, a sel-describit "Pole wi a Breetish passport".[7] Rotblat wis the anly pheesicist tae leave the Manhattan Project (1942–46) on the grunds o conscience. Rotblat's wirk on nuclear fawoot wus a major contreibution taewart the ratification o the 1963 Partial Nuclear Test Ban Treaty. A signatory o the Russell–Einstein Manifesto (1955), he wis secretar-general o the Pugwash Conferences on Science an Warld Affairs frae thair foondin till 1973. He shared, wi the Pugwash Conferences, the 1995 Nobel Peace Prize for efforts taewart nuclear disairmament.[8][9][10][11]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Milne, S.; Hinde, R. (2005). "Obituary: Joseph Rotblat (1908–2005) Physicist who committed his life to the cause of nuclear disarmament". Nature. 437 (7059): 634–634. doi:10.1038/437634a. PMID 16193034. 
  2. Rotblat, Joseph (1999). "A Hippocratic Oath for Scientists" (PDF). Science. 286 (5444): 1475. doi:10.1126/science.286.5444.1475. PMID 10610545. 
  3. Noble, Holcomb B. (September 2, 2005). "Joseph Rotblat, 96, Dies; Resisted Nuclear Weapons". The New York Times. Retrieved June 3, 2016. 
  4. 4.0 4.1 Hinde, R. A.; Finney, J. L. (2007). "Joseph (Józef) Rotblat 4 November 1908 – 31 August 2005: Elected FRS 1995". Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society. 53: 309. doi:10.1098/rsbm.2007.0023. 
  5. Freemantle, R.; Prowse, D.; Rotblat, J. (1954). "Scattering of 9.5-Mev Protons by Nitrogen". Physical Review. 96 (5): 1268. doi:10.1103/PhysRev.96.1268. 
  6. "Joseph Rotblat". Great Lives. Series 26. Episode 6. 13 January 2012. BBC Radio 4. Retrieved 2014-01-18. 
  7. Rotblat described himself as a "Pole with a British passport". wydarzenia
  8. Landau, S. (1996) Profile: Joseph Rotblat – From Fission Research to a Prize for Peace, Scientific American 274(1), 38–39.
  9. Holdren, J. P. (2005). "RETROSPECTIVE: Joseph Rotblat (1908–2005)". Science. 310 (5748): 633. doi:10.1126/science.1121081. PMID 16254178. 
  10. "Joseph Rotblat BBC Radio 4 Desert Island Discs Castaway 1998-11-08". BBC. Archived frae the oreeginal on 2013-12-17. 
  11. "Rotblat, Sir Joseph (1908–2005)". The Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. 2004. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/96004.