John Chrysostom

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Saint John Chrysostom
Johnchrysostom.jpg
A Byzantine mosaic o John Chrysostom
frae the Hagia Sophia.
East: Great Hierarch an Ecumenical Teacher
Wast: Bishop an Doctor o the Kirk
Born c. 349[1]
Antioch
Dee'd 14 September 407
(aged c. 58)[2]
Comana in Pontus[3]
Honored in Eastren Orthodoxy
Roman Catholicism
Oriental Orthodoxy
Kirk o the East
Beatifee'd disna
Canonizit already conseedered a saunt afore the mid-5t century in Constantinople
Feast Eastren Orthodoxy
13 November (Accession tae the archbishopric o Constantinople)
27 Januar (Translation o Relics)
30 Januar (Three Haly Hierarchs)
Wastren Christianity
13 September (Repose—transferred frae 14 September)
Attributes Vestit as a Bishop, hauldin a Gospel Beuk or scroll, richt haund raised in blessin. He is depictit as emaciatit frae fastin, wi a heich foreheid, baldin wi dark hair an a smaw beard. Seembols: beehive, a white dove, a pan,[4] chalice on a bible, pen an inkhorn
Patronage Constantinople, eddication, epilepsy, lecturers, orators, preachers [4]

John Chrysostom (Greek: Ἰωάννης ὁ Χρυσόστομος), c. 349 – 407,[5] Airchbishop o Constantinople, wis an important Early Kirk Faither. He is kent for his preachin an public speakin, his denunciation o abuse o authority[6] bi baith ecclesiastical an poleetical leaders, the Divine Liturgy of St. John Chrysostom, an his ascetic sensibilities. The epithet Χρυσόστομος (Chrysostomos, anglicised as Chrysostom) means "gowden-moothed" in Greek an denotes his celebratit eloquence.[2][7]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. The exact date o John's birth is in quaisten, an dates atween 344 an 349 are gien. In the maist recent general biografie o Chrysostom, eminent patristics scholar JND Kelly, efter a review o the evidence an leeteratur, favours 349 as the date that best fits aw available evidence, in agreement wi Robert Carter. See Kelly, Golden Mouth: The Story of John Chrysostom: Ascetic, Preacher, Bishop, (Grand Rapids: Baker Academic 1998: oreeginally published Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1995), p. 4 fn. 12; esp. Appendix B passim. For a discussion o alternatives presentit in the leeteratur, see Robert Carter, "The Chronology of St. John Chrysostom's Early Life", in Traditio 18:357–64 (1962); Jean Dumortier, "La valeur historique du dialogue de Palladius et la chronologie de saint Jean Chrysostome", in Mélanges de science religieuse, 8:51–56 (1951). Carter dates his birth tae the year 349. See an aa Robert Louis Wilken, John Chrysostom and the Jews: Rhetoric and Reality in the Late Fourth Century, (Berkeley: Varsity o Californie Press: 1983), p. 5.
  2. 2.0 2.1 "St John Chrysostom" profile, Catholic Encyclopedia (see here); retrieved 20 March 2007.
  3. Newadvent.org
  4. 4.0 4.1 Catholic-forum.com
  5. The exact date o John's birth is in quaisten, an dates atween 344 an 349 are eften gien, an leemits set at 340 an 350 (Kelly 296). In the maist recent general biografie o Chrysostom, eminent patristics scholar JND Kelly, efter a review o the evidence an leeteratur, favours 349 as the date that best fits aw available evidence, in agreement wi Robert Carter. See Kelly, Golden Mouth: The Story of John Chrysostom: Ascetic, Preacher, Bishop, Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Academic, 1998: oreeginally published Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1995), p. 4 fn. 12; esp. 296–298 passim. For a concurrin analysis which is follaed in maist recent reconstructions o the early life o Chrysostomos, see Robert Carter, "The Chronology of St. John Chrysostom's Early Life", in Traditio 18:357–64 (1962). For a discussion o alternatives, eften in aulder leeteratur, see especially G. Ettlinger, Traditio 16 (1960), pp. 373–80, Jean Dumortier, "La valeur historique du dialogue de Palladius et la chronologie de saint Jean Chrysostome", Mélanges de science religieuse, 8:51–56 (1951)
  6. Robert Wilken, "John Chrysostom" profile, Encyclopedia of Early Christianity (ed. Everett Ferguson), New York: Garland Publishing, 1997
  7. Pope Vigilius, Constitution of Pope Vigilius, pg. 553