Johannes Brahms (German: [joˈhanəs ˈbʁaːms]; 7 Mey 1833 – 3 Aprile 1897) wis a German componer an pianist o the Romantic period. Born in Hamburg intae a Lutheran faimily, Brahms spent muckle o his perfaisional life in Vienna, Austrick. His reputation an status as a componer are sic that he is whiles grouped wi Johann Sebastian Bach an Ludwig van Beethoven as ane o the "Three Bs" o muisic, a comment originally made bi the nineteent-century conductor Hans von Bülow.
Brahms componed for symphony orchestra, chaumer ensemmles, piano, organ, an vyce an chorus. A virtuoso pianist, he premiered mony o his awn warks. He wirked wi some o the leadin performers o his time, includin the pianist Clara Schumann an the violinist Joseph Joachim (the three war close friends). Mony o his warks hae acome staples o the modren concert repertoire. An uncompromisin perfectionist, Brahms destroyed some o his warks an left ithers unpublished.
Brahms haes been conseedert, bi his contemporaries an bi later writers, as baith a tradeetionalist an an innovator. His muisic is firmly ruitit in the structurs an composeetional techniques o the Clessical masters. While mony contemporaries foond his muisic too academic, his contreibution an craftsmanship hae been admired bi subsequent feegurs as diverse as Arnold Schoenberg an Edward Elgar. The diligent, heichly constructit naitur o Brahms's warks wis a stairtin pynt an an inspiration for a generation o componers. Embeddit within his meticulous structurs, houiver, are deeply romantic motifs.