Jinan

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Jinan

济南
济南市
Clockwise frae tap: Jinan's Skyline, Quancheng Square, Daming Lake, Furong Street, an Five Dragon Puil
Clockwise frae tap: Jinan's Skyline, Quancheng Square, Daming Lake, Furong Street, an Five Dragon Puil
Eik-name(s): 
Ceety o Springs (泉城)
Location o Jinan Ceety within Shandong
Location o Jinan Ceety within Shandong
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Coordinates: 36°40′N 116°59′E / 36.667°N 116.983°E / 36.667; 116.983
KintraFowkrepublic o Cheenae
ProvinceShandong
Coonty-level diveesions10
Tounship diveesions146
Govrenment
 • MayorZhang Jianguo (张建国)
Area
 • Sub-provincial ceety8177 km2 (3,157 sq mi)
 • Metro
3257 km2 (1,258 sq mi)
Elevation23 m (75 ft)
Population
 (2010 census provisional)
 • Sub-provincial ceety6,814,000
 • Density830/km2 (2,200/sq mi)
 • Urban
4,335,900
Time zoneUTC+8 (Cheenae Staundart)
Postal code
250000
Area code(s)531
License plate prefixesA
GDP (2009)CNY 335.1 billion
 - per capitaCNY 49391
Websitewww.jinan.gov.cn (Cheenese)
Ceety tree: Chinese Willow; Ceety flouer: Lotus
Jinan or Ji'nan
Traditional Chinese
Simplified Chinese
Leeteral meaninsouth of the Ji (Waters)

Jinan (Cheenese: ; pinyin: Jǐnán; Mandarin pronunciation: [t͡ɕi˧˩nan˧˥]) is the caipital o Shandong province in Eastren Cheenae. The aurie o present-day Jinan haes played an important role in the history o the region frae the earliest beginnins o ceevilization an haes evolved intae a major naitional admeenistrative, economic, an transportation hub. The ceety, which holds sub-provincial admeenistrative status, is locatit in north-wastren Shandong aboot 400 kilometre (250 mi) sooth o the naitional caipital o Beijing, it borders Liaocheng tae the soothwast, Dezhou tae the northwast, Binzhou tae the northeast, Zibo tae the east, Laiwu tae the sootheast, an Tai'an tae the sooth.

Geografie an climate[eedit | eedit soorce]

Geografie[eedit | eedit soorce]

Jinan is locatit in the north-wastren pairt o Shandong province at 36° 40 northren latitude an 116° 57′ east o Greenwich. In the relief o the region, the ceety occupies a transeetion zone atween the northren fithills o the Taishan Massif tae the sooth o the ceety an the valley o the Yellae River tae the north. Karst aquifers in limestone fairmations slopin doun frae the sooth tae the north gie rise tae mony artesian springs in the ceety centre as well as in surroondin auries.

Climate[eedit | eedit soorce]

Jinan lies atween a humid subtropical an humid continental climate (Köppen Cwa/Dwa) but favorin the umwhile, wi fower well-defined saisons. The ceety is dry an nearly rainless in ware, het an rainy in simmer, crisp in hairst an dry an cauld (wi little snaw) in winter. The average annual temperatur is 14.6 °C (58.3 °F), an the annual precipitation is aroond slichtly abuin 670 millimetre (26.4 in), wi a strang simmer maximum, an heich variability frae year tae year. Januar is the cauldest an driest month, wi a mean temperatur o −0.4 °C (31.3 °F) an 5.7 millimetre (0.22 in) o equivalent rainfaw. Julie is the hettest an wettest month, the correspondin nummers are 27.5 °C (81.5 °F), an 201.3 mm (7.93 in).

Due tae the muntains tae the sooth o the ceety, temperatur inversions are common, occurrin on aboot 200 days per year.[1] The relatively heich precipitation for northren Cheenese staundarts, in tandem wi the topografie (muntains surroondin the ceety on three sides), leads tae parteecularly oppressive simmer wather an the ceety bein named as a candidate for the fowerth "furnace", c.e. Three Furnaces.[2]

Climate data for Jinan (1971–2000)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average heich °C (°F) 3.9
(39.0)
6.9
(44.4)
13.3
(55.9)
21.6
(70.9)
27.1
(80.8)
31.6
(88.9)
31.9
(89.4)
30.6
(87.1)
26.9
(80.4)
21.2
(70.2)
13.0
(55.4)
6.0
(42.8)
19.5
(67.1)
Average law °C (°F) −3.9
(25.0)
−1.6
(29.1)
3.9
(39.0)
11.3
(52.3)
16.8
(62.2)
21.6
(70.9)
23.6
(74.5)
22.5
(72.5)
17.7
(63.9)
11.8
(53.2)
4.5
(40.1)
−1.7
(28.9)
10.5
(51.0)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 5.7
(0.22)
8.5
(0.33)
15.3
(0.60)
27.4
(1.08)
46.6
(1.83)
78.3
(3.08)
201.3
(7.93)
170.3
(6.70)
58.5
(2.30)
36.5
(1.44)
16.2
(0.64)
8.2
(0.32)
672.8
(26.47)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 2.9 3.1 3.9 5.1 6.5 8.2 13.3 11.6 6.5 4.6 3.9 3.2 72.8
Average relative humidity (%) 53 50 47 46 50 55 72 75 64 58 56 55 57
Mean monthly sunshine oors 170.9 172.4 212.8 242.9 275.2 258.2 214.5 219.0 221.1 215.1 177.1 167.6 2,546.8
Source: Cheenae Meteorological Admeenistration [3]

International relations[eedit | eedit soorce]

Twin touns an sister ceeties[eedit | eedit soorce]

Jinan is twinned wi:

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "Cleaner Production in China"
  2. "高温逼出新"火炉"之争 济南城热门候选_山东新闻_新闻_腾讯网" (in Simplified Chinese). QQ News. 31 Julie 2007. Retrieved 27 Apryle 2013.CS1 maint: unrecognised leid (link)
  3. "中国地面国际交换站气候标准值月值数据集(1971-2000年)" (in Simplified Chinese). China Meteorological Administration. Retrieved 17 Mairch 2009.CS1 maint: unrecognised leid (link)

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]