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A statue depictin Jörð as a matriarchal figur

In Norse meethologie, Jörð (Icelandic "yird", pronooncit [ˈjörð] or "yurd" an frae Auld Norse jǫrð, pronooncit [ˈjɔrð], whiles Anglicisit as Jord or Jorth; cried Jarð an aw, jɑrð as in Auld East Norse), is a female jötunn. She is the mither o Thor an the personification o the Yird. Fjörgyn an Hlóðyn are considered tae be ither names for Jörð. Jörð is reckoned a goddess, lik ither jötnar who coupled wi the gods.[1] Jörð's name appears in skaldic poetry baith as a poetic term for the laund an in kennins for Thor.

Etymologie[eedit | eedit soorce]

Jörð is the common wird for yird in Auld Norse, as are the wird's stryndants in the modren Scandinavie leids; Icelandic jörð, Faroese jørð, Dens, Swadish an Norwegian jord. It is cognate tae Inglis "earth" throu Auld Inglis eorðe.[2]

Attestations[eedit | eedit soorce]

Gylfaginning[eedit | eedit soorce]

In Gylfaginning, the first pairt o the Prose Edda, Jörð is describit as ane o Odin's concubines an the mither o Thor. She is "coontit amang the ásynjar (goddesses)" an is the dochter o Annar an Nótt an hauf-sister o Auðr an Dagr.[3][4]

Housomeivver, scholar Haukur Thorgeirsson pynts oot that the fower manuscripts o Gylfaginning vary in thair descriptions o the faimily relations atween Nótt, Jörð, Dagr, an Dellingr. In ither wirds, dependin on the manuscript, either Jörð or Nótt is the mither o Dagr an pairtner o Dellingr. Haukur details that "the auldest manuscript, U, affers a version whaur Jǫrð is the wife o Dellingr an the mither o Dagr while the ither manuscripts, R, W an T, cast Nótt in the role o Dellingr's wife an Dagr's mither", an argues that "the version in U came aboot accidentally whan the writer o U or its antecedent shortened a text similar tae that in RWT. The results o this accident made their wey intae the Icelandic poetic tradeetion".[5]

Skáldskaparmál[eedit | eedit soorce]

In Snorri Sturluson's Skáldskaparmál, Jörð (as the personifee'd yird) is cried the rival o Odin's wife Frigg an his ither giantess concubines, Rindr an Gunnlöd, the mither-in-law o Sif, Thor's wife, dochter o Nótt, an sister o Auðr an Dagr.[4][6]

Poetic Edda[eedit | eedit soorce]

In Lokasenna, Thor is cried Jarðar burr ("son o Jörð").[7][8]

In the same verse in Völuspá, he is referred tae as mǫgr Hlóðyniar an Fjǫrgyniar burr (bairn o Hlóðyn, Fjörgyn's bairn).[9][10] The itherwise unkent Hlóðyn wis tharefore anither name o Jörð.[11] She is uisually thocht tae be identical wi Hludana, tae whom Roman votive tablets hae been foond on the Lawer Rhine.[12]

Notes[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Orchard (1997:98).
  2. "Earth" in Online Etymology Dictionary.
  3. Gylfaginning 10, 36.
  4. 4.0 4.1 Lindow (2001:205).
  5. Haukur (2008:159—168).
  6. Skáldskaparmál 33 (24).
  7. Lokasenna 58.
  8. In Hárbarðsljóð 9, Thor caws hissel son o Odin an brither o Meili, who tharefore mey be Jörð's son an aw.
  9. Völuspá 53 (56).
  10. Dronke (1997:22).
  11. Lindow (2001:206).
  12. Dronke (1997:150).

References[eedit | eedit soorce]