Islamic Cairo

Frae Wikipedia, the free beuk o knawledge
Cairt o Medieval Cairo
Historic Cairo
UNESCO Warld Heritage Steid
CriteriaCultural: i, v, vi
Inscription1979 (3rd Session)

Islamic Cairo is a pairt o central Cairo notit for its historically important mosques an ither Islamic monuments. It is owerleukit bi the Cairo Citadel.

Islamic Cairo, referred tae as Medieval Cairo or Fatimid Cairo an aw, wis foondit in 969 as the ryal enclosur for the Fatimid caliphs, while the actual economic an admeenistrative caipital wis in nearbi Fustat. Fustat wis established bi Arab militar commander 'Amr ibn al-'As follaein the conquest o Egyp in 641, an teuk ower as the caipital which previously wis locatit in Alexandria. Al-Askar, locatit in wha is nou Auld Cairo, wis the caipital o Egyp frae 750 tae 868. Ahmad ibn Tulun established Al-Qatta'i as the new caipital o Egyp, an remained the caipital till 905, when the Fustat ance again became the caipital. Efter Fustat wis destroyed in 1168/1169 tae prevent its captur bi the Crusaders, the admeenistrative caipital o Egyp muivit tae Cairo, whaur it haes remained iver syne. It teuk fower years for the General Jawhar Al Sikilli (the Sicilian) tae big Cairo an for the Fatimid Calif Al Muizz tae leave his auld Mahdia in Tunisie an settle in the new Caipital o Fatimids in Egyp.

Efter Memphis, Heliopolis, Giza an the Byzantine fortress o Babylon-in-Egyp, Fustat wis a new ceety biggit as a militar garrison for Arab troops. It wis the closest central location tae Arabie that wis accessible tae the Nile. Fustat became a regional centre o Islam durin the Umayyad period. It wis whare the Umayyad ruler, Marwan II, made his last staund against the Abbasids.

Later, durin the Fatimid era, Al-Qahira (Cairo) wis offeecially foondit in 969 as a imperial caipital juist tae the north o Fustat. Ower the centuries, Cairo grew tae absorb ither local ceeties sic as Fustat, but the year 969 is considered the "foondin year" o the modren ceety.[1]

In 1250, the sclave sodgers or Mamluks seizit Egyp an ruled frae thair caipital at Cairo till 1517, when thay wur defeatit bi the Ottomans. Bi the 16t century, Cairo haed heich-rise apairtment biggins whaur the twa lawer floors wur for commercial an storage purposes an the multiple stories abuin thaim wur rentit oot tae tenants.[2]

Napoleon's French airmy briefly occupeed Egyp frae 1798 tae 1801, efter which an Albanie officer in the Ottoman airmy namit Muhammad Ali Pasha made Cairo the caipital o a unthirlt empire that lastit frae 1805 tae 1882. The ceety then came unner Breetish control till Egyp wis grantit its unthirldom in 1922.

a teepical Hoose in Islamic Cairo

The day, Islamic Cairo includes the Mosque o Ibn Tulun (the auldest an lairgest in Cairo), Al-Azhar Varsity, the auldest varsity in the warld, the Al-Hakim Mosque, an mony ither famous mosques an biggins.

See an aw[eedit | eedit soorce]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Irene Beeson (September/October 1969). "Cairo, a Millennial". Saudi Aramco World. pp. 24, 26–30. Retrieved 2007-08-09. Check date values in: |date= (help)
  2. Mortada, Hisham (2003). Traditional Islamic principles of built environment. Routledge. p. viii. ISBN 0-7007-1700-5.

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]

Coordinates: 30°02′45.61″N 31°15′45.78″E / 30.0460028°N 31.2627167°E / 30.0460028; 31.2627167