Indonesie Naitional Airmed Forces

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Indonesie Naitional Airmed Forces
Indonesian National Armed Forces
Tentara Nasional Indonesia
Insignia of the Indonesian National Armed Forces.svg
Insignie of TNI (Indonesian Naitional Airmed Forces)
Foondit 5 October 1945 as Tentara Keamanan Rakyat (Fowk's Security Forces)
Service branches

Indonesie Airmy TNI-AD (Airmy)
Indonesie Naitional Navy TNI-AL (Navy)

Indonesie Naitional Air Force TNI-AU (Air Force)
Heidquarters Cilangkap, Jakarta
Leadership
Commander-in-Chief Preses Joko Widodo
Meenister of Defence General (Ret.) Ryamizard Ryacudu
Commander of the Indonesie Naitional Airmed Forces Air Chief Marshal Hadi Tjahjanto
Manpower
Militar age 18
Available for
militar service
131,000,000, age 15–49 (131,000,000[2])
Fit for
militar service
108,000,000, age 15–49 (131,000,000[2])
Reachin militar
age annually
4,500,000 (131,000,000[2])
Active personnel 476,000
Deployed personnel 1,673[1]
Expenditures
Budget US$8.18 billion(2017)[3]
Percent o GDP 1.0% (2013)
Industry
Domestic suppliers
Relatit airticles
History Militar histerie of Indonesie
Engagements & Missions:
Unitit Naitions Peacekeeping
Indonesian National Revolution
Darul Islam (Indonesia)
Republic of South Maluku
PRRI
Permesta
Incorporation of Wast Papua intae Indonesie
Operation Trikora
Indonesie–Malaysie confrontation
Indonesie invasion o Aest Timor
Insurgency in Aceh
Free Papua Movement
2003–2004 Indonesie offensive in Aceh
Operation Tinombala
Ranks Indonesie militar ranks

The Indonesie Naitional Airmed Forces (Indonesian: Tentara Nasional Indonesia, literally "Indonesie Naitional Militar"; abbreviatit as TNI) are the militar forces of the Republic of Indonesie. It conseests of the Airmy (TNI-AD), Navy (TNI-AL), and Air Force (TNI-AU). The Preses o Indonesie is the commander-in-chief of the Airmed Forces. In 2016, it comprises approximately 395,500[4] militar personnel including the Indonesie Marine Corps (Korps Marinir), which is the branch of the Navy.

The Indonesie Airmed Forces wis formed during the Indonesie Naitional Revolution, when it unnertuik a guerrilla war along with informal militia. As a result of this, and the need tae maintain internal security, the Airmed forces including the Airmy, Navy, and Air Force haes been organised alang territorial lines, aimit at defeating internal enemies of the state and potential external invaders.[5]

Unner the 1945 Consteetution, all citizens are legally entitlit and obligit tae defend the naition. Conscription is providit for by law, yet the Forces haeve been able tae maintain mandatit strength levels without resorting tae a draft. Maist enlistit personnel are recruitit in their awn hame regions and generally train and serve maist of their time in units nearby.

The Indonesie airmed forces are voluntary. The active militar strength is 395,500[6] with available manpower fit for militar service of males aged between 16 and 49 is 75,000,000, with a further 4,500,000 new suitable for service annually.[7]

Militar spending in the naitional budget wis widely estimatit 3% of GDP in 2005,[7] but is supplementit by revenue frae mony military-run businesses and foondations. The defence budget for 2017 wis $8.17bn.[8][6] The Indonesie airmed forces (Militar) personnel does nae include members of law enforcement and paramilitar personnel such as the Indonesie Naitional Polis (Polri) conseesting of approximately 590,000+ personnel, Mobile Brigade Corps (Brimob) of aroond 42,000+ airmed personnel, the Ceevil Service Polis Unit (Municeepal polis) or Satpol PP, Indonesie College Students' Regiment or Resimen Mahasiswa (Menwa) which is a collegiate militar service conseesting 26,000 trained personnel, and ceevil defence personnel (Linmas or Public Protection Service Corps, which replaced the auld Hansip in 2014).

Histerie[eedit | eedit soorce]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "Ongoing Operations". www.pkc-indonesia.mil.id. Pusat Misi Pemeliharaan Perdamaian Tentara Nasional Indonesia. Archived frae the oreeginal on 8 January 2014. Retrieved 8 January 2014. 
  2. "Indikator Pembangungan Dunia-Penjelajah Google Data Publik". www.google.co.id. 
  3. https://www.sipri.org/sites/default/files/1_Data%20for%20all%20countries%20from%201988%E2%80%932017%20in%20constant%20%282016%29%20USD.pdf
  4. International Institute for Strategic Studies (3 Feb 2014). The Military Balance 2014. London: Routledge. pp. 246–250. ISBN 9781857437225. 
  5. http://www.tni.mil.id
  6. 6.0 6.1 The Military Balance 2017. London: International Institute for Strategic Studies. 2017. p. 294. 
  7. 7.0 7.1 Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named autogenerated3
  8. "Revised Indonesian budget brings modest increase | Jane's 360". www.janes.com. Retrieved 2017-11-14. 

Further reading[eedit | eedit soorce]

  • Bresnan, John. (1993). Managing Indonesia: the modern political economy. New York: Columbia University Press.
    • Many topics, including the political role of the military at the height of Suharto's New Order.
  • Chandra, Siddharth and Douglas Kammen. (2002). "Generating Reforms and Reforming Generations: Military Politics in Indonesia's Transition to Democracy." World Politics, Vol. 55, No. 1.
  • Crouch, Harold. (1988). The army and politics in Indonesia. Ithaca:Cornell University Press.
    • First published 1978. Now somewhat dated, but provides an influential overview of the role of the military in consolidating Suharto's power
  • "Guerilla Warfare and the Indonesian Strategic Psyche" Small Wars Journal article by Emmet McElhatton
  • Israel, Fauzi.(2009) – Advanced Weapon's Infantry Firepower & Accuracy
  • Kammen, Douglas and Siddharth Chandra. (1999). A Tour of Duty: Changing Patterns of Military Politics in Indonesia in the 1990s. Ithaca, New York: Cornell Modern Indonesia Project No. 75.
  • Kingsbury, Damen. Power Politics and the Indonesian Military, Routledge: 2003 ISBN 0-415-29729-X

Freemit Airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]