Ian Douglas Smith
Smith c. 1954
|8th Prime Meenister o Rhodesie|
13 Apryle 1964 – 1 June 1979[n 1]
|Precedit bi||Winston Field|
|Succeedit bi||Abel Muzorewa|
|Leader o the Opposeetion o Zimbabwe|
18 Apryle 1980 – Mey 1987
|Prime Meenister||Robert Mugabe|
Ian Douglas Smith|
8 Apryle 1919
Selukwe, Southern Rhodesia[n 4]
20 November 2007 (aged 88)|
Cape Town, South Africa
|Spoose(s)||Janet Duvenage (m. 1948; d. 1994)|
|Alma mater||Rhodes University|
|Service/branch||Ryal Air Force|
|Years o service||1941–1945|
|Battles/wars||Seicont Warld War|
Ian Douglas Smith GCLM ID (8 Apryle 1919 – 20 November 2007) wis a politeecian, fermer, an fighter pilot wha sert as Prime Meenister o Rhodesie (or Soothren Rhodesie; the day Zimbabwe) fae 1964 tae 1979.[n 1] As the country's first prime meenister wha wit nae born abreed, he led the maistly white government that unilaterally declared independence fae the Unitit Kinrick in 1965, efter a lang argie-bargie ower the terms. He remeened Prime Meenister fae awmaist aw o the fowerteen years o international isolation that follaed, an owersaw Rhodesie's caition forces fae maist o the Bush War, that pit the unkent admeenistration foreanent communist-promuived black nationalist guerilla groups. Smith, wha haes been descrived as the feegur o white Rhodesie, remeens a hiely contentious person—supporters praise him as a man o mense an sicht "the man unnerstuid the ill at ease trowths o Africae", while creetics descrive an unrepentant racist whase policies an actions caused the deiths o thoosands an contreebuted to Zimbabwe's later creesises.
- In the een o the UK, Smith stapped bein Prime Meenister whan his government declared independence on 11 November 1965. In practice, he remeened in office until 1979.
- Elizabeth II's representative in Rhodesie—the Governor, Sir Humphrey Gibbs—demitit Smith upon the declaration o independence, but Smith conteenad tae mainteen stainch allegiance tae the Queen until 1970.
- Actin preses were Henry Everard (1975–76, August–November 1978 and March–June 1979) and Jack William Pithey (1978–79).
- Selukwe and Shurugwi are the same place; the town was renamed in 1982.