Ian Smith

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Ian Douglas Smith

A black an white photae o Ian Smith
Smith c. 1954
8th Prime Meenister o Rhodesie
In office
13 Apryle 1964 – 1 June 1979[n 1]
Precedit biWinston Field
Succeedit biAbel Muzorewa
Leader o the Opposeetion o Zimbabwe
In office
18 Apryle 1980 – Mey 1987
PresesCanaan Banana[2]
Prime MeenisterRobert Mugabe
Personal details
BornIan Douglas Smith
8 Apryle 1919(1919-04-08)
Selukwe, Southern Rhodesia[n 4]
Dee'd20 November 2007(2007-11-20) (aged 88)
Cape Toun, Sooth Africae
Restin place
Poleetical pairty
Spoose(s)Janet Duvenage (m. 1948; d. 1994)
  • Jean (stepdaughter)
  • Robert (stepson)
  • Alec
Alma materRhodes University
Militar service
  • Soothren Rhodesie
  • Unitit Kinrick
Service/branchRyal Air Force
Years o service1941–1945
RankFlicht Lieutenand
Battles/warsSeicont Warld War

Ian Douglas Smith GCLM ID (8 Apryle 1919 – 20 November 2007) wis a politeecian, fermer, an fighter pilot wha sert as Prime Meenister o Rhodesie (or Soothren Rhodesie; the dey Zimbabwe) fae 1964 tae 1979.[n 1] As the kintra's first prime meenister that wisna born abreed, he led the maistly white govrenment that unilaterally declare't unthirldom fae the Unitit Kinrick in 1965, efter a lang argie-bargie ower the terms. He remeened Prime Meenister fae awmaist aw o the fowerteen years o international isolation that follaed, an owersaw Rhodesie's caition forces fae maist o the Bush War, that pit the unkent admeenistration foreanent communist-promuived black nationalist guerilla groups. Smith, that haes been descrived as the feegur o white Rhodesie, remeens a hiely contentious person—supporters praise him as a man o mense an sicht "the man unnerstuid the ill at ease trowths o Africae",[5] while creetics descrive an unrepentant racist whase policies an actions caused the deiths o thoosands an contreebuted to Zimbabwe's later creesises.

  1. Wood 1999.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Oxford DNB.
  3. Wood 2008, p. 471.
  4. Caute 1983, p. 440.
  5. BBC 2007.
  1. 1.0 1.1 In the een o the UK, Smith stapped bein Prime Meenister whan his government declared independence on 11 November 1965.[1] In practice, he remeened in office until 1979.[2]
  2. Elizabeth II's representative in Rhodesie—the Governor, Sir Humphrey Gibbs—demitit Smith upon the declaration o independence, but Smith conteenad tae mainteen stainch allegiance tae the Queen until 1970.[3]
  3. Actin preses were Henry Everard (1975–76, August–November 1978 and March–June 1979) and Jack William Pithey (1978–79).[2]
  4. 4.0 4.1 Selukwe and Shurugwi are the same place; the town was renamed in 1982.[4]