Ian Smith

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Ian Douglas Smith

A black an white photae o Ian Smith
Smith c. 1954
8th Prime Meenister o Rhodesie
In office
13 Apryle 1964 – 1 June 1979[n 1]
Precedit bi Winston Field
Succeedit bi Abel Muzorewa
Leader o the Opposeetion o Zimbabwe
In office
18 Apryle 1980 – Mey 1987
Preses Canaan Banana[2]
Prime Meenister Robert Mugabe
Personal details
Born Ian Douglas Smith
8 Apryle 1919(1919-04-08)
Selukwe, Southern Rhodesia[n 4]
Dee'd 20 November 2007(2007-11-20) (aged 88)
Cape Town, South Africa
Restin place
Poleetical pairty
Spoose(s) Janet Duvenage (m. 1948; d. 1994)
  • Jean (stepdaughter)
  • Robert (stepson)
  • Alec
Alma mater Rhodes University
Militar service
  • Soothren Rhodesie
  • Unitit Kinrick
Service/branch Ryal Air Force
Years o service 1941–1945
Rank Flicht Lieutenand
Battles/wars Seicont Warld War

Ian Douglas Smith GCLM ID (8 Apryle 1919 – 20 November 2007) wis a politeecian, fermer, an fighter pilot wha sert as Prime Meenister o Rhodesie (or Soothren Rhodesie; the day Zimbabwe) fae 1964 tae 1979.[n 1] As the country's first prime meenister wha wit nae born abreed, he led the maistly white government that unilaterally declared independence fae the Unitit Kinrick in 1965, efter a lang argie-bargie ower the terms. He remeened Prime Meenister fae awmaist aw o the fowerteen years o international isolation that follaed, an owersaw Rhodesie's caition forces fae maist o the Bush War, that pit the unkent admeenistration foreanent communist-promuived black nationalist guerilla groups. Smith, wha haes been descrived as the feegur o white Rhodesie, remeens a hiely contentious person—supporters praise him as a man o mense an sicht "the man unnerstuid the ill at ease trowths o Africae",[5] while creetics descrive an unrepentant racist whase policies an actions caused the deiths o thoosands an contreebuted to Zimbabwe's later creesises.

  1. Wood 1999.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Oxford DNB.
  3. Wood 2008, p. 471.
  4. Caute 1983, p. 440.
  5. BBC 2007.
  1. 1.0 1.1 In the een o the UK, Smith stapped bein Prime Meenister whan his government declared independence on 11 November 1965.[1] In practice, he remeened in office until 1979.[2]
  2. Elizabeth II's representative in Rhodesie—the Governor, Sir Humphrey Gibbs—demitit Smith upon the declaration o independence, but Smith conteenad tae mainteen stainch allegiance tae the Queen until 1970.[3]
  3. Actin preses were Henry Everard (1975–76, August–November 1978 and March–June 1979) and Jack William Pithey (1978–79).[2]
  4. 4.0 4.1 Selukwe and Shurugwi are the same place; the town was renamed in 1982.[4]