Hurricane Mitch

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Hurricane Mitch
Category 5 major hurricane (SSHWS/NWS)
Hurricane Mitch 1998 oct 26 2028Z.jpg
Hurricane Mitch at peak intensity
FormedOctober 22, 1998
DissipatitNovember 5, 1998
Heichest winds1-meenit susteened: 180 mph (285 km/h)
Lawest pressur905 mbar (hPa); 26.72 inHg
Fatalities≥ 19,325
Damage$6.2 billion (1998 USD)
Areas affectedCentral Americae (particularly Honduras an Nicaragua), Yucatán Peninsula, Sooth Florida
Pairt o the 1998 Atlantic hurricane saison

Hurricane Mitch wis the maist pouerful hurricane an the maist destructive o the 1998 Atlantic hurricane saison, wi maximum sustained winds o 180 mph (285 km/h). The storm wis the thirteent tropical storm, nint hurricane, an third major hurricane o the saison. Alang wi Hurricane Georges, Mitch wis the maist notable hurricane in the saison. At the time, Hurricane Mitch wis the strangest Atlantic hurricane observed in the month o October, tho it haes syne been surpassed bi Hurricane Wilma o the 2005 ssison. The hurricane matched the fowert maist intense Atlantic hurricane on record (it haes syne dropped tae sevent).

Mitch formed in the wastren Caribbean Sea on October 22, an efter driftin throu extremely favorable conditions, it rapidly strengthened tae peak at Category 5 status, the heichest possible ratin on the Saffir–Simpson Hurricane Scale. Efter driftin soothwastward an weakenin, the hurricane hit Honduras as a minimal hurricane. It drifted throu Central Americae, reformed in the Bay o Campeche, an ultimately struck Florida as a strang tropical storm. Due tae its slow motion frae October 29 tae November 3, Hurricane Mitch dropped historic amoonts o rainfaw in Honduras, Guatemala, an Nicaragua, wi unoffeecial reports o up tae 75 inches (1,900 mm). Daiths due tae catastrophic floodin made it the seicont deadliest Atlantic hurricane in history; nearly 11,000 fowk wur killed wi ower 11,000 left missin bi the end o 1998. Addeetionally, roughly 2.7 million wur left homeless as a result o the hurricane. The floodin caused extreme damage, estimatit at ower $6 billion (1998 USD, $8.82 billion 2020 USD).

Impact[eedit | eedit soorce]

Impact bi region
Region Daiths Ref Damages Ref
Belize 11 [1] $50 thoosand [2]
Costa Rica 7 [1] $92 million [3]
El Salvador 240 [4] $400 million [4]
Guatemala 268 [5] $748 million [5]
Honduras 14,600 [2][6] $3.8 billion [2][7]
Jamaica 3 [1]
Mexico 9 [1][2] $1 million [2]
Nicaragua 3,800 [1] $1 billion [1]
Panama 3 [1][2] $50 thoosand [2]
Unitit States 2 [8] $40 million [8]
Affshore 31 [1]
Tot 18,974 $6.08 billion
Map plottin the track an intensity o the storm, accordin tae the Saffir–Simpson scale

Hurricane Mitch wis the deadliest Atlantic hurricane syne the Great Hurricane o 1780, displacin the Galveston Hurricane o 1900 as the seicont-deadliest on record. Nearly eleven thoosand fowk wur confirmed dead, an awmaist as mony reportit missin. Daiths wur maistly frae fluidin an mudslides in Central Americae, whaur the slow-movin hurricane an then tropical storm dropped nearly 36 inches (900 mm) o rain. The floodin an mudslides damaged or destroyed tens o thoosands o homes, wi tot damage amoontin tae ower $5 billion (1998 USD, $6 billion 2006 USD), maist o which wis in Honduras an Nicaragua. Prior tae Mitch, the deadliest hurricane in Central Americae wis Hurricane Fifi in 1974, which killed an estimatit 8,000–10,000.[8]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 National Climatic Data Center (2004). "Mitch: The Deadliest Atlantic Hurricane Since 1780". United States National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 2006-04-25.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 Centre for Research on the Epidemiology of Disasters. "EM-DAT: The OFDA/CRED International Disaster Database". Université catholique de Louvain. Retrieved 2012-11-30.
  3. Inter-American Development Bank. "Central America After Hurricane Mitch- Costa Rica". Retrieved 2006-04-28.
  4. 4.0 4.1 Inter-American Development Bank (2004). "Central America After Hurricane Mitch- El Salvador". Retrieved 2006-04-25.
  5. 5.0 5.1 Inter-American Development Bank (2004). "Central America After Hurricane Mitch- Guatemala". Retrieved 2006-04-25.
  6. "British Aid For Hurricane Victims". BBC News. 1998-11-04. Retrieved 2007-09-22.
  7. Inter-American Development Bank (1998). "Central America after HurricaneMitch- Honduras". Retrieved 2006-04-28.
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 National Hurricane Center (1998). "Hurricane Mitch Tropical Cyclone Report". Retrieved 2006-04-20.