|Category 3 major hurricane (SSHWS/NWS)|
|Formed||August 21, 2011|
August 30, 2011|
(extratropical after August 28)
1-meenit susteened: 120 mph (195 km/h) |
|Lawest pressur||942 mbar (hPa); 27.82 inHg|
|Fatalities||49 direct, 7 indirect|
|Damage||$16.6 billion (2011 USD)|
|Areas affected||Lesser Antilles, Greater Antilles, Turks an Caicos, Bahamas, Hispanola, Eastren Unitit States (Landfaws in North Carolina, Connecticut, New Jersey, an New York), Eastren Canadae|
|Pairt o the 2011 Atlantic hurricane saison|
Hurricane Irene wis a lairge an destructive tropical cyclone, which affectit much o the Caribbean an East Coast o the Unitit States durin late August 2011. Irene is currently ranked as the sevent costliest hurricane in Unitit States history. The nint named storm, first hurricane, an first major hurricane o the 2011 Atlantic hurricane saison, Irene oreeginatit frae a well-defined Atlantic tropical wave that began shawin signs o organisation east o the Lesser Antilles. Due tae development o atmospheric convection an a closed centre o circulation, the seestem wis designatit as Tropical Storm Irene on August 20, 2011. Efter intensifyin, Irene made landfaw in St. Croix as a strang tropical stairm later that day. Early on August 21, the stairm made a seicont landfaw in Puerto Rico. While crossin the island, Irene strengthened intae a Category 1 hurricane. The stairm paralleled affshore o Hispaniola, continued tae slawly intensify in the process. Shortly afore makin fower landfaws in the Bahamas, Irene peaked as a 120 mph (195 km/h) Category 3 hurricane.
Thareefter, the stairm slawly leveled-aff in intensity as it struck the Bahamas an then curved northward efter passin east o Grand Bahama. Continuin tae weaken, Irene wis doungradit tae a Category 1 hurricane afore makin landfaw on the Ooter Banks o North Carolina on August 27, acomin the first hurricane tae mak landfaw in the Unitit States syne Hurricane Ike in 2008. Early on the follaein day, the stairm re-emerged intae the Atlantic frae sootheastren Virginie. Altho Irene remained a hurricane ower land, it weakened tae a tropical stairm while makin yet anither landfaw in the Little Egg Inlet in sootheastren New Jersey on August 28. A few oors later, Irene made its nint an final landfaw in Brooklyn, New York Ceety. Early on August 29, Irene transeetioned intae an extratropical cyclone hittin Vermont/New Hampshire efter remainin inland as a tropical cyclone for less nor 12 oors.
Throughoot its path, Irene caused widespread destruction an at least 56 daiths; Damage estimates throughoot the Unitit States are estimatit near $15.6 billion, which made it the sevent costliest hurricane in Unitit States history, anly behind Hurricane Andrew o 1992, Hurricane Ivan o 2004, Hurricanes Wilma an Katrina o 2005, Hurricane Ike o 2008, an Hurricane Sandy in 2012. In addeetion, monetary losses in the Caribbean an Canadae wur $830 million an $130 million respectively for a tot o nearly $16.6 billion in damage.
References[eedit | eedit soorce]
- "Tropical Cyclone Information Statement for Post-Tropical Storm Irene". Canadian Hurricane Centre. August 29, 2011. Retrieved August 29, 2011.
- Lixion A. Avila and John Cangialosi (December 14, 2011). "Hurricane Irene Tropical Cyclone Report" (PDF). National Hurricane Center. Retrieved Februar 18, 2012.
- Fieser, Erza (August 25, 2011). "Hurricane Irene barrels toward US as Caribbean islands take stock of damage". The Christian Science Monitor. Retrieved September 20, 2011.
- Telling the Weather Story (Report). Insurance Bureau of Canada. June 4, 2012. http://www.ibc.ca/en/Natural_Disasters/documents/McBean_Report.pdf. Retrieved June 4, 2012.