Hungarian Revolution o 1956

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Hungarian Revolution o 1956
Pairt o the Cold War
Hole in flag - Budapest 1956.jpg
The banner, wi a hole whaur the communist coat o airms haed been cut out, becam the seembol o the revolution.
Date23 October – 10 November 1956
LocationHungarian Fowkrepublic
Result Soviet veectory
Revolution crushed
Belligerents

 Soviet Union

Template:Kintra data Hungarian People's Republic Hungary

Hungarian revolutionaries
Commanders an leaders
Soviet Union Nikita Khrushchev
Soviet Union Yuri Andropov
Soviet Union Ivan Konev
Template:Kintra data Hungarian People's Republic Ernő Gerő
Template:Kintra data Hungarian People's Republic János Kádár
Imre Nagy Executed
Pál Maléter Executed
Strenth
31,550 truips
1,130 tanks[1]
Unkent nummer o govrenment lealists
Unkent nummer o sodgers, militia, an airmed ceevilians
Casualties an losses
Soviet casualties:
722 killt or missin
1,540 woundit[2]
2,500–3,000 killt (est.)
13,000 woundit (est.)[3]
3,000 civilians killt[4]

The Hungarian Revolution o 1956 or the Hungarian Uprisin o 1956[5] (Hungarian: 1956-os forradalom or 1956-os felkelés) wis a naitionwide revolt against the Marxist-Leninist govrenment o the Hungarian Fowkrepublic an its Soviet-imposed policies, lastin frae 23 October till 10 November 1956.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Soorces vary widely on nummers o Soviet forces involved in the intervention. The UN General Assembly Special Committee on the Problem of Hungary (1957) estimatit 75,000–200,000 truips an 1,600–4,000 tanks OSZK.hu (p. 56, para. 183), but recently released Soviet archives (available in Lib.ru, Maksim Moshkow's Leebrar) leet the truip strenth o the Soviet forces as 31,550, wi 1,130 tanks an sel-propelled artillery pieces. Lib.ru Archived 9 Februar 2010[Date mismatch] at the Wayback Machine. (in Roushie)
  2. Györkei, Jenõ; Kirov, Alexandr; Horvath, Miklos (1999). Soviet Military Intervention in Hungary, 1956. New York: Central European University Press. p. 370 table 111. ISBN 963-9116-35-1. 
  3. UN General Assembly Special Committee on the Problem of Hungary (1957) "Chapter V footnote 8" (PDF).  (1.47 MB)
  4. "B&J": Jacob Bercovitch and Richard Jackson, International Conflict : A Chronological Encyclopedia of Conflicts and Their Management 1945–1995 (1997)
  5. Alternate references are "Hungarian Revolt" an "Hungarian Uprisin". In Hungarian, first the term "felkelés" (uprisin) wis uised, then in the 1957–1988 period, the term "ellenforradalom" (coonter-revolution) wis mandatit bi the govrenment, while the new offeecial name efter 1990 haes acome "forradalom és szabadságharc" (revolution an freedom fecht) tae imitate the auld expression for the 1848–1849 revolution. Anither explanation o the terms is that "Revolution" conforms tae both Inglis (see US Depairtment o State backgrund on Hungary) an Hungarian ("forradalom") conventions. Thare is a distinction atween the "complete owerthraw" o a revolution an an uprisin or revolt that mey or mey nae be successfu (Oxford English Dictionary). The 1956 Hungarian event, awtho short-leeved, is a true "revolution" in that the sittin govrenment wis deposed. Unlik the terms "coup d'état" an "putsch" that implee action o a few, the 1956 revolution wis ineetiatit bi the masses.