Hiri Motu leid
|Region||Papua New Guinea|
|Native speakers||Very few (1992)
120,000 L2 speakers (1989)
|Offeecial leid in||Papua New Guinea|
Hiri Motu, an aa kent as Police Motu, Pidgin Motu, or juist Hiri, is an offeecial leid o Papua New Guinea. It is a simplified version o Motu an altho it is strictly neither a pidgin nor a creole it possesses some featurs o baith leid types. Phonological an grammatical differences mean nae anly that Hiri Motu speakers cannae unnerstaund Motu, but an aa that Motu speakers nae exponed tae Hiri Motu hae similar difficulties, tho the leids are lexically very similar, an retain a common Austronesian syntactical basis.
Unlik Tok Pisin, its uise haes been in decline syne 1965.
References[eedit | eedit soorce]
- Hiri Motu at Ethnologue (17th ed., 2013)
- In fact specific legislation proclaiming official languages in Papua New Guinea seems not to exist - but see Constitution of Papua New Guinea: Preamble – Section 2/11 (literacy) – where Hiri Motu is mentioned (with Tok Pisin and English) as languages in which universal literacy is sought - and also section 67 2(c) (and 68 2(h), where conversational ability in Hiri Motu is mentioned (with Tok Pisin or “a vernacular of the country”) as a requirement for citizenship by nationalisation (one of these languages required)