Frederik, Hereditary Prince o Denmark

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Hereditary Prince o Denmark an Norawa
Arveprins Frederik (Juel).JPG
Portrait bi Jens Juel, 1785.
Regent o Denmark
Born11 October 1753(1753-10-11)
Christiansborg Pailace, Copenhagen, Denmark
Dee'd7 December 1805(1805-12-07) (aged 52)
Amalienborg Pailace, Copenhagen, Denmark
BuirialRoskilde Cathedral
SpouseDuchess Sophia Frederica o Mecklenburg-Schwerin
IssueChristian VIII o Denmark
Juliane Sophie, Landgravine o Hesse-Philippsthal-Barchfeld
Louise Charlotte, Landgravine o Hesse-Kassel
Ferdinand, Hereditary Prince o Denmark
FaitherFrederick V o Denmark
MitherJuliana Maria o Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel

Frederik, Hereditary Prince o Denmark (Dens: Frederik; 11 October 1753 – 7 December 1805) was heir presumptive tae the thrones o Denmark an Norawa. He wis the anly surviving son o Keeng Frederick V bi his seicont wife, Juliana Maria o Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel. The Hereditary Prince actit as regent on behalf of his half-brither Keeng Christian VII frae 1772 tae 1784.

Life[eedit | eedit soorce]

Frederick was born at Christiansborg Pailace in Copenhagen on 11 October 1753. To provide for his future position, at the age of 3 he was elected coadjutor in the Prince-Bishopric of Lübeck. This meant that in time he would succeed the Prince-Bishop then in office, Frederick August. This plan haed tae be abandoned, however, and Frederick stayed in Denmark as a junior member o the ryal faimily.

Mairiage[eedit | eedit soorce]

He mairit Duchess Sophia Frederica o Mecklenburg-Schwerin (1758–1794) in Copenhagen on 21 October 1774. She wis a dochter o Duke Louis o Mecklenburg-Schwerin an Princess Charlotte Sophie o Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld.

=Regent[eedit | eedit soorce]

His elder hauf-brither, Keeng Christian VII, suffering frae a severe mental illness (believed to have been schizophrenia), an having been divorced from his wife, Caroline Matilda o Great Britain (wha wis then exiled), Prince Frederik wis designated as regent o Denmark in 1772, when 18 year auld. His regency wis maistly nominal, the pouer being held bi his mither, Queen Juliane Marie, an minister Ove Høegh-Guldberg.

He actit as regent until the coup o 1784, when his 16-year-old hauf-nephew Frederick (the future Keeng Frederick VI), took power an regency.

Efter the coup, Frederik wis left without much influence at the coort. Efter Christiansborg Pailace wis destroyed bi fire in 1794, Hereditary Prince Frederick moved with his faimily tae Amalienborg Pailace. Sophia Frederica died the same year, shortly after the move. Hereditary Prince Frederik outlived his wife bi 11 years an died on 7 December 1805. Eventually, his son Christian Frederick would succeed Frederick VI as king.

Issue[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Stillborn dochter (19 September 1781)
  2. Stillborn dochter (17 Februar 1783)
  3. Princess Juliana Marie (2 Mey 1784 – 28 October 1784), died in infancy.
  4. Prince Christian Frederick (18 September 1786 – 20 Januar 1848), future Christian VIII
  5. Princess Juliane Sophie (18 Februar 1788 – 9 Mey 1850) mairit Prince Wilhelm o Hesse-Philippsthal-Barchfeld; they haed nae issue.
  6. Princess Louise Charlotte (30 October 1789 – 28 Mairch 1864), married in 1810 to Prince Wilhelm o Hesse-Kassel an haed issue.