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حركة المقاومة الاسلامية
FoonderSheikh Ahmed Yassin, Abdel Aziz al-Rantissi, Mahmoud Zahar an 4 ithers.
Chief o the Poleetical BureauKhaled Mashal
Depute Chief o the Poleetical BureauMousa Abu Marzouq an Khaled Mashal[1]
Foondit1987 (1987)
Precedit biPalestinian Muslim Britherheid
Poleetical poseetionRicht weeng (in-exile faction) tae Far-richt (domestic faction)
ReleegionSunni Islam
Internaitional affiliationMuslim Britherheid
Legislative Cooncil (2006)
74 / 132
Party flag
Flag of Hamas.svg

Hamas (Arabic: حماسḤamās, an acronym o حركة المقاومة الاسلامية Ḥarakat al-Muqāwamah al-ʾIslāmiyyah Islamic Resistance Muivement) is a Palestinian Sunni-Islamic fundamentalist organisation.[6][7] It haes a social service weeng, Dawah, an a militar weeng, the Izz ad-Din al-Qassam Brigades, an, syne 2007, haes been the govrenin authority o the Gaza Strip.[8][9]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Matthew Levitt, Hamas: Politics, Charity, and Terrorism in the Service of Jihad, Yale University Press, 2007 p.44.
  2. Tristan Dunning, Hamas, Jihad and Popular Legitimacy: Reinterpreting Resistance in Palestine, Routledge 2016 p.270.
  3. Ekaterina Stepanova, "Terrorism in Asymmetrical Conflict: Ideological and Structural Aspects", Stockholm International Peace Research Institute, Oxford University Press 2008, p.113.
  4. Sujata Ashwarya Cheema, "Hamas and Politics in Palestine:Impact on Peace-Building", in Rajendra Madhukar Abhyankar (ed.), West Asia and the Region: Defining India's Role, Academic Foundation 2008 pp.463-491 p.465: "Hamas considers Palestine the main front of jihad and viewed the uprising as an Islamic way of fighting the Occupation. The leaders of the organization argued that Islam gave the Palestinian people the power to confront Israel and described the Intifada as the return of the masses to Islam. Since its inception, Hamas has tried to reconcile nationalism and Islam. ... Hamas claims to speak as a nationalist movement but with an Islamic-nationalist rather than a secular nationalist agenda."
  5. Meir Litvak, "Religious and Nationalist Fanaticism: The Case of Hamas", in Matthew Hughes & Gaynor Johnson (eds.), Fanaticism and Conflict in the Modern Age, Frank Cass, London and New York 2004 pp.156–57: "Hamas is primarily a religious movement whose nationalist world view is shaped by its religious ideology."
  6. Anthony H. Cordesman.Peace and War: The Arab–Israeli Military Balance Enters the 21st Century. Greenwood Publishing Group. 2002. p. 243: "Hamas is a radical Islamic fundamentalist organization that has stated that its highest priority is a Jihad (holy war) for the liberation of Palestine."
  7. Meir Litvak. "Hamas: Palestinian Identity, Islam, and National Sovereignty," in Asher Susser (ed.) Challenges to the Cohesion of the Arabic State. Moshe Dayan Center for Middle Eastern and African Studies. Tel Aviv University. 2008. p. 153: 'One of the secrets behind the success of Hamas is that it is an Islamic and national movement at one and the same time,'
  8. Richard Davis. Hamas, Popular Support and War in the Middle East: Insurgency in the Holy Land. Routledge. 2016. pp. 67-69.
  9. Tariq Mukhimer. Hamas Rule in Gaza: Human Rights Under Constraint. Palgrave Macmillan. 2012. pp. vii, 57.