Guilin

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Guilin
桂林 · Gveilinz
Prefectur-level ceety
桂林市 · Gveilinz Si
View o Xi River an Elephant Trunk Hill
View o Xi River an Elephant Trunk Hill
Location o Guilin Ceety jurisdiction in Guangxi
Location o Guilin Ceety jurisdiction in Guangxi
Admeenistrative diveesions o Guilin
Admeenistrative diveesions o Guilin
Guilin is located in China
Guilin
Guilin
Location in Cheenae
Coordinates: 25°16′N 110°17′E / 25.267°N 110.283°E / 25.267; 110.283
Kintra Fowkrepublic o Cheenae
Region Guangxi
Aurie
 • Tot 27,809 km2 (10,737 sq mi)
Elevation 153 m (502 ft)
Population
 • Tot 4,747,963
 • Density 170/km2 (440/sq mi)
Time zone Cheenae Staundart (UTC+8)
Postal code 541XXX
Aurie code(s) 0773
Licence plate prefixes C for Guilin's ceety proper, Yangshuo, an Lingui; awithers H
Wabsteid http://www.guilin.gov.cn/
Guilin
Cheenese name
Cheenese 桂林
Postal Kweilin
Zhuang name
Zhuang Gveilinz

Guìlín (Cheenese: 桂林; Zhuang: Gveilinz) is a prefectur-level ceety in the northeast o the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, Fowkrepublic o Cheenae, sittin on the wast bank o the Li River. Its name means "forest o Sweet Osmanthus", owin tae the lairge nummer o fragrant Sweet Osmanthus trees locatit in the ceety. The ceety haes lang been renawned for its unique scenery o Karst topografie an is ane o Cheenae's maist popular tourist destinations.[1]

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

In 314 BC, a smaa settlement wis established alang the banks o the Li River.

In 111 BC, durin the reign o Emperor Wu o the Han Dynasty, Shi An Coonty wis established, which could be regardit as the beginnin o the ceety.

In 507 AD, the toun wis renamed Guizhou.

Guilin prospered in the Tang an Song dynasties but remained a coonty. The ceety wis also a nexus atween the central govrenment an the soothwast border, an it wis whaur regular airmies wur placed tae guard that border. Canals wur built through the ceety so that fuid supplies could be directly transportit frae the fuid-productive Yangtze plain tae the farthest soothwastren pynt o the empire.

In 1921, Guilin acame ane o the heidquarters o the Northren Expeditionary Airmy led by Dr. Sun Yat-sen.

In 1940, the ceety acquired its present name.[2][3]

In 1981, Guilin wis leetit bi the State Cooncil as ane o the fower ceeties (the ither three bein Beijing, Hangzhou an Suzhou) whaur the protection o historical an cultural heritage, as well as naitural scenery, should be treatit as a priority project.[4][5]

Admeenistrative diveesions[eedit | eedit soorce]

Guilin admeenisters 17 coonty-level diveesions:

Geografie[eedit | eedit soorce]

Guilin
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
64
 
12
5
 
 
97
 
13
7
 
 
137
 
17
10
 
 
247
 
23
16
 
 
352
 
27
20
 
 
347
 
30
23
 
 
231
 
33
25
 
 
173
 
33
25
 
 
82
 
30
22
 
 
66
 
26
17
 
 
64
 
20
12
 
 
43
 
15
7
Average max. an min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation tots in mm
Source: CMA[6]

Guilin lies in the northren portion o Guangxi, an haes a tot aurie o 27,809 square kilometres (10,737 sq mi). The topografie o the aurie is marked bi karst formations. The Li River flaws through the ceety.

Climate[eedit | eedit soorce]

Guilin haes a monsoon-influenced humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cfa), wi mild winters and lang, het, an humid simmers. The monsoon is lang, lastin frae Mairch tae August, an a pronoonced dry saison occurs in faw an winter; the tot annual rainfaw is 1,920 millimetres (76 in). The monthly 24-hour average temperatur ranges frae 7.9 °C (46.2 °F) in Januar tae 28.0 °C (82.4 °F) in Julie, an the annual mean is 18.8 °C (65.8 °F). Snawfaw is rare but possible in winter.

Transportation[eedit | eedit soorce]

Air[eedit | eedit soorce]

Budget airlines also operate frae the Guilin Liangjiang Internaitional Airport - Spring Airlines provides connections tae local destinations within Cheenae while AirAsia connects passengers tae Kuala Lumpur, Malaysie.

Rail[eedit | eedit soorce]

Internaitional relations[eedit | eedit soorce]

Twin touns — Sister ceeties[eedit | eedit soorce]

Guilin is twinned wi:

The Guilin relationship wi the New Zealand ceety Hastings stairtit in 1977, efter a research scientist, Dr Stuart Falconer identified a nummer o common auries o interest atween the twa ceeties, includin horticultur an their rural-urban mix.[10]

Gallery[eedit | eedit soorce]

See also[eedit | eedit soorce]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

Further readin[eedit | eedit soorce]

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]