Guadalcanal Campaign

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Guadalcanal campaign
Pairt o the Paceefic Theatre o World War II
Marines rest in the field on Guadalcanal.jpg
Unitit States Marines rest in the field during the Guadalcanal campaign. Accordin tae Ken Burns' film The War, the Marine in the richt backgrund is Sidney Phillips o Mobile, Alabama. Another source dates this photo to 8/8/42, an identifies the reclinin Marine wi haunds behind heid as "Bill Coggin".
Date7 August 1942 – 9 Februar 1943
(6 months and 2 days)
LocationGuadalcanal in the Solomon Islands
Result

Strategic Allied victory

  • Beginnin o Allied Offensive Operations in the Pacific
Belligerents

 Unitit States
 Australie
 New Zealand
 Unitit Kinrick

 Empire o Japan
Commanders an leaders
Unitit States Robert L. Ghormley
Unitit States William Halsey, Jr.
Unitit States Richmond K. Turner
Unitit States Alexander A. Vandegrift
Unitit States Alexander Patch
Unitit States Frank J. Fletcher
Empire o Japan Isoroku Yamamoto
Empire o Japan Hiroaki Abe
Empire o Japan Nobutake Kondō
Empire o Japan Nishizo Tsukahara
Empire o Japan Takeo Kurita
Empire o Japan Jinichi Kusaka
Empire o Japan Shōji Nishimura
Empire o Japan Gunichi Mikawa
Empire o Japan Raizō Tanaka
Empire o Japan Hitoshi Imamura
Empire o Japan Harukichi Hyakutake
Strenth
60,000 men (ground forces)[4] 36,200 men (grund forces)[5]
Casualties an losses
7,100 dead
7,789+ woondit[6]
4 capturt
29 ships lost
615 aircraft lost[7]

31,000 dead

  • 8,500+ killed in action[8]
1,000 capturt
38 ships lost
683–880 aircraft lost[9]

The Guadalcanal Campaign, an aa kent as the Battle o Guadalcanal an codenamed Operation Watchtower bi Allied forces, wis a militar campaign foucht atween 7 August 1942 an 9 Februar 1943 on an aroond the island o Guadalcanal in the Paceefic theatre o Warld War II.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Zimmerman, pp. 173–175 documents the participation by native Solomon Islanders in the campaign [1]. Guadalcanal and the rest of the Solomon Islands were under British political control during World War II with the exception of the North Solomon Islands including Bougainville and Buka which were part of Australia's Papua New Guinea mandate.
  2. "Tonga Armed Forces". Retrieved 4 September 2014. 
  3. Jersey, pp. 356–358. Assisting the Americans in the latter stages of campaign were Fijiian commandos led by officers and non-commissioned officer from the New Zealand Expeditionary Force.
  4. Frank, pp. 57, 619–621; and Rottman, p. 64. Approximately 20,000 U.S. Marines and 40,000 U.S. Army troops were deployed on Guadalcanal at different times during the campaign.
  5. Rottman, p. 65. 31,400 men Imperial Japanese Army and 4,800 men Imperial Japanese Navy troops were deployed to Guadalcanal during the campaign. Jersey claims that 50,000 total Japanese army and navy troops were sent to Guadalcanal and that most of the original naval garrison of 1,000–2,000 men was successfully evacuated in November and December 1942 by Tokyo Express warships (Jersey, pp. 348–350).
  6. The USMC History Division states that the US ground forces (Army and Marine Corps) suffered 4,709 total wounded. Marine air units add another 127 to this figure. Frank pg. 644 notes that the Bureau of Personnel, World War II Casualty List, Books 2 and 3, Naval Historical Center, Washington, D.C. lists US Navy wounded over the course of the campaign as 2,953, but this number appears to be an understatement.
  7. Frank, pp. 598–618; and Lundstrom, p. 456. 85 Australians were killed in the Battle o Savo Island. Total Solomon Islander deaths are unknown. Most of the rest, if not all, of those killed were American. Numbers include personnel killed by all causes including combat, disease, and accidents. Losses include 1,768 dead (ground), 4,911 dead (naval), and 420 dead (aircrew). Four U.S. aircrew were captured by the Japanese during the Battle o the Santa Cruz Islands and survived their captivity. An unknown number of other U.S. ground, naval, and aircrew personnel were, according to Japanese records, captured by Japanese forces during the campaign but did not survive their captivity and the dates and manners of most of their deaths are unknown (Jersey, pp. 346, 449). Captured Japanese documents revealed that two captured Marine scouts had been tied to trees and then vivisected while still alive and conscious by an army surgeon as a medical demonstration (Clemens, p. 295). Ships sunk includes both warships and "large" auxiliaries. Aircraft destroyed includes both combat and operational losses.
  8. Cowdrey (1994) pg. 71, "Of the 19,200 dead, only 8,500 were 'killed in actual combat,' the majority perishing by malnutrition, malaria, diarrhea, and beriberi." Naval personnel deaths both on land and at sea are not factored into this total.
  9. Frank, pp. 598–618, Shaw, p. 52, and Rottman, p. 65. Numbers include personnel killed by all causes including combat, disease, and accidents. Losses include 24,600–25,600 dead (ground), 3,543 dead (naval), and 2,300 dead (aircrew). Most of the captured personnel were Korean slave laborers assigned to Japanese naval construction units. Ships sunk includes warships and "large" auxiliaries. Aircraft destroyed includes both combat and operational losses.

Coordinates: 9°26′44″S 160°01′13″E / 9.44556°S 160.02028°E / -9.44556; 160.02028