Greek Ceevil War

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Greek Ceevil War
Part of the Cauld War
Gr-map.png
Date 30 Mairch 1946 – 16 October 1949
(3 years, 6 months, 2 weeks and 2 days)
Location Greece
Result Hellenic Airmy victory
Belligerents

 Kinrick o Greece

 United Kingdom
 United States (efter 1947)

Greece Proveesional Democratic Govrenment

Template:Kintra data SR Macedonia NLF partisans

Supportit bi:

Socialist Federal Republic o Yugoslavie Yugoslavie
Bulgarie Bulgarie
Albanie Albanie
Commanders an leaders
Alexander Papagos
Konstantinos Ventiris
Thrasyvoulos Tsakalotos
Unitit Kinrick Winston Churchill
Unitit Kinrick Ronald Scobie
Unitit States James Van Fleet
Flag of Greece (1822-1978).svg Markos Vafiadis
Flag of Greece (1822-1978).svg Nikolaos Zachariadis
Strenth
At peak:
232,500[1]
At peak:
26,000 (mid-1948)[2]
Tot: c.100,000 men an weemen served, o whom:
15,000–20,000
Slav-Macedonians
2,000–3,000 Pomaks
130–150 Cham Albanies[3]
Casualties an losses

Hellenic Airmy, Navy an Air Force, frae August 16, 1945 tae December 22, 1951:[4]
15,268 dead
37,255 woondit
3,843 missin
865 deserters Hellenic Gendarmerie, frae December 1, 1944 tae December 27, 1951:[5]
1,485 dead
3,143 woondit
159 missin.

Breetish Airmed Forces:
210 killed
1,000 woondit
733 missin
Hellenic Airmy claim: 38,839 killed
20,128 capturt
Tot: 158,000 killed[6][7][8][9]
1,000,000 temporarily relocatit during the war[10]

The Greek Ceevil War (Greek: ο Eμφύλιος [Πόλεμος] o Emfýlios [Pólemos], "the Ceevil [War]") wis focht frae 1946 tae 1949 atween the Greek govrenment airmy, backed bi the Unitit Kinrick an the Unitit States, an the Democratic Airmy o Greece (DSE), the militar branch o the Greek Communist Pairty (KKE), backed bi Yugoslavie an Albanie as well as Bulgarie. The result wis the defeat o the Communist insurgents bi the govrenment forces.[11]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. The Struggle for Greece 1941–1949, C.M.Woodhouse, Hurst & Company, London 2002 (first published 1976), page 237
  2. Νίκος Μαραντζίδης, Δημοκρατικός Στρατός Ελλάδας, 1946–1949, Εκδόσεις Αλεξάνδρεια, β'έκδοση, Αθήνα 2010, page 52
  3. Νίκος Μαραντζίδης, Δημοκρατικός Στρατός Ελλάδας, (Kayluff a hoe)1946–1949, Εκδόσεις Αλεξάνδρεια, β'έκδοση, Αθήνα 2010, page 52, page 57, pages 61–62
  4. Γενικόν Επιτελείον Στρατού, Διεύθυνσις Ηθικής Αγωγής, Η Μάχη του Έθνους, Ελεύθερη Σκέψις, Athens, 1985, pp. 35–36
  5. Γενικόν Επιτελείον Στρατού, p. 36
  6. Howard Jones, "A New Kind of War" (1989)
  7. Edgar O'Ballance, The Greek Civil War : 1944–1949 (1966)
  8. T. Lomperis, From People's War to People's Rule (1996)
  9. "B&J": Jacob Bercovitch and Richard Jackson, International Conflict : A Chronological Encyclopedia of Conflicts and Their Management 1945–1995 (1997)
  10. Γιώργος Μαργαρίτης, Η ιστορία του Ελληνικού εμφυλίου πολέμου ISBN 960-8087-12-0
  11. Nikos Marantzidis and Giorgos Antoniou. "The Axis Occupation and Civil War: Changing trends in Greek historiography, 1941–2002." Journal of Peace Research (2004) 41#2 pp: 223-231.