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Great white shairk

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Great white shairk
Temporal range: 16–0 Ma[1]
Miocene tae Recent
Scientific classification
Kinrick: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Cless: Chondrichthyes
Subcless: Elasmobranchii
Superorder: Selachimorpha
Order: Lamniformes
Faimily: Lamnidae
Genus: Carcharodon
A. Smith, 1838
Species: C. carcharias
Binomial name
Carcharodon carcharias
Global range hielichtit in blue

The great white shairk (Carcharodon carcharias), kent as the great white, white pointer, white shairk, or white daith an aw, is a species o lairge lamniform shairk which can be foond in the coastal surface watters o aw the major oceans. The great white shairk is notable for its size, wi matur female indwallers growin up tae 6.1 m (20 ft) in lenth an 1,950 kg (4,300 lb) in wicht.[3][4][5] Housomeivver maist are smawer, males measurin 3.35 tae 3.96 m (11 ft 0 in tae 13 ft 0 in) an females 4.57 tae 4.88 m (15 ft 0 in tae 16 ft 0 in) on average.[5][6] Accordin tae a 2014 study the lifespan o great white shairks is estimatit tae be as lang as 70 years or mair, well abuin aulder estimates,[7] makkin it ane o the langest livit cartilaginous fish currently kent.[8] Accordin tae the same study, male great white shairks tak 26 years tae reach sexual maturity, whilk the females tak 33 years tae be ready tae produce affspring.[9] Great white shairks can accelerate tae ower 56 km/h (35 mph) for short bursts.[10]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Gottfried, M. D.; Fordyce, R. E. (2001). "An associated specimen of Carcharodon angustidens (Chondrichthyes, Lamnidae) from the Late Oligocene of New Zealand, with comments on Carcharodon interrelationships". Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology. 21 (4): 730–739. doi:10.1671/0272-4634(2001)021[0730:AASOCA]2.0.CO;2.
  2. Fergusson, I., Compagno, L.; Marks, M. (2000). "Carcharodon carcharias in IUCN 2012". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species, Vers. 2009.1. International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources. Retrieved 28 October 2009.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors leet (link) (Database entry includes justification for why this species is vulnerable)
  3. "Great white sharks: 10 myths debunked". The Guardian. Retrieved 3 Juin 2016.
  4. Carpenter, K. "Carcharodon carcharias". FishBase.org. Retrieved 3 Juin 2016.
  5. a b Viegas, Jennifer. "Largest Great White Shark Don't Outweigh Whales, but They Hold Their Own". Discovery Channel. Retrieved 19 Januar 2010.
  6. Parrish, M. "How Big are Great White Sharks?". Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History Ocean Portal. Retrieved 3 Juin 2016.
  7. "Carcharodon carcharias". Animal Diversity Web. Retrieved 5 Juin 2016.
  8. "New study finds extreme longevity in white sharks". Science Daily. 9 Januar 2014.
  9. "Great White Sharks Are Late Bloomers". LiveScience.com.
  10. Alaska's Great White Sharks, by Bruce A. Wright, 2007, page 27

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