Gotthard Base Tunnel

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Gotthard Base Tunnel
20141120 gotthard-basistunnel02-wikipedia-hannes-ortlieb.jpg
Turnoot at Faido multifunction station
(Uri, Graubünden an Ticino)
Coordinates46°36′00″N 8°45′54″E / 46.600°N 8.765°E / 46.600; 8.765Coordinates: 46°36′00″N 8°45′54″E / 46.600°N 8.765°E / 46.600; 8.765
StairtErstfeld (Uri)
EndBodio (Ticino)
Wirk begun1996
Opened1 Juin 2016[2]
Lenth151.840 km (94.349 mi)[3]
Line lenth57.09 km (35.47 mi)[3]
Track lenth57.104 km (35.483 mi) (east tunnel)
57.017 km (35.429 mi) (west tunnel)[3]
No. o tracks2 single track tubes[3]
Track gauge1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) (staundart gauge)
Electrified15 kV 16.7 Hz
Operatin speedup to 250 km/h (160 mph)
Heichest elevation549 m (1,801 ft)[3]
Lawest elevation312 m (1,024 ft) (at Bodio)[3]
Tunnel clearance89 m (292 ft) frae Erstfeld, 237 m (778 ft) frae Bodio[3]
Grade4.055/1000 (north) / 6.67/1000 (sooth)[3]
Route cairt
Route cairt

The Gotthard Base Tunnel (GBT) is a railway tunnel throu the Alps in Swisserland, which opened on 1 Juin 2016 wi full service tae begin in December 2016.[4] Wi a route lenth o 57.09 km (35.5 mi) an a tot o 151.84 km (94.3 mi) o tunnels, shafts an passages,[3] it is the warld's langest an deepest traffeck tunnel[5][6] an the first flat law-level route throu the Alps.[7]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "Commissioning". Lucerne, Switzerland: AlpTransit Gotthard Ltd. Retrieved 2016-05-12.
  2. "155 days until opening". Lucerne, Switzerland: AlpTransit Gotthard AG. Retrieved 29 December 2015.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.7 3.8 "Project data – raw construction Gotthard Base Tunnel" (PDF). Lucerne, Switzerland: AlpTransit Gotthard Ltd. Retrieved 2016-05-12.
  4. "Warld's longest and deepest rail tunnel to open in Switzerland". BBC News. Retrieved 2016-06-01.
  5. "Gotthard- und CeneriBasistunnel: die neue Gotthard-Bahn nimmt Gestalt an" (PDF). Geomatik Schweiz. Retrieved 8 June 2015.
  6. "Wer hat die grösste Röhre?" [Who has the longest tube?]. Tages-Anzeiger (graphical animation) (in German). Zurich, Switzerland. 14 April 2016. Retrieved 2016-05-11.
  7. Yücel Erdem, Tülin Solak, Underground Space Use. Analysis of the Past and Lessons for the Future, CRC Press, 2005 (p. 485)