Gotthard Base Tunnel

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Gotthard Base Tunnel
20141120 gotthard-basistunnel02-wikipedia-hannes-ortlieb.jpg
Turnoot at Faido multifunction station
Overview
LineAlpTransit
LocationSwisserland
(Uri, Graubünden an Ticino)
Coordinates46°36′00″N 8°45′54″E / 46.600°N 8.765°E / 46.600; 8.765Coordinates: 46°36′00″N 8°45′54″E / 46.600°N 8.765°E / 46.600; 8.765
StatusOpened[1]
StairtErstfeld (Uri)
EndBodio (Ticino)
Operation
Wirk begun1996
Opened1 Juin 2016[2]
Technical
Lenth151.840 km (94.349 mi)[3]
Line lenth57.09 km (35.47 mi)[3]
Track lenth57.104 km (35.483 mi) (east tunnel)
57.017 km (35.429 mi) (west tunnel)[3]
No. o tracks2 single track tubes[3]
Track gauge1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) (staundart gauge)
Electrified15 kV 16.7 Hz
Operatin speedup to 250 km/h (160 mph)
Heichest elevation549 m (1,801 ft)[3]
Lawest elevation312 m (1,024 ft) (at Bodio)[3]
Tunnel clearance89 m (292 ft) frae Erstfeld, 237 m (778 ft) frae Bodio[3]
Grade4.055/1000 (north) / 6.67/1000 (sooth)[3]
Route cairt
Route cairt

The Gotthard Base Tunnel (GBT) is a railway tunnel throu the Alps in Swisserland, which opened on 1 Juin 2016 wi full service tae begin in December 2016.[4] Wi a route lenth o 57.09 km (35.5 mi) an a tot o 151.84 km (94.3 mi) o tunnels, shafts an passages,[3] it is the warld's langest an deepest traffeck tunnel[5][6] an the first flat law-level route throu the Alps.[7]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "Commissioning". Lucerne, Switzerland: AlpTransit Gotthard Ltd. Retrieved 12 Mey 2016.
  2. "155 days until opening". Lucerne, Switzerland: AlpTransit Gotthard AG. Retrieved 29 December 2015.
  3. a b c d e f g h i "Project data – raw construction Gotthard Base Tunnel" (PDF). Lucerne, Switzerland: AlpTransit Gotthard Ltd. Retrieved 12 Mey 2016.
  4. "Warld's longest and deepest rail tunnel to open in Switzerland". BBC News. Retrieved 1 Juin 2016.
  5. "Gotthard- und CeneriBasistunnel: die neue Gotthard-Bahn nimmt Gestalt an" (PDF). Geomatik Schweiz. Retrieved 8 Juin 2015.
  6. "Wer hat die grösste Röhre?" [Who has the longest tube?]. Tages-Anzeiger (graphical animation) (in German). Zurich, Switzerland. 14 Apryle 2016. Retrieved 11 Mey 2016.
  7. Yücel Erdem, Tülin Solak, Underground Space Use. Analysis of the Past and Lessons for the Future, CRC Press, 2005 (p. 485)