Golgi apparatus

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Cell biology
The ainimal cell
Animal Cell.svg
Components o a teepical ainimal cell:
  1. Nucleolus
  2. Nucleus
  3. Ribosome (little dots)
  4. Vesicle
  5. Rough endoplasmic reticulum
  6. Golgi apparatus (or "Golgi body")
  7. Cytoskeleton
  8. Smuith endoplasmic reticulum
  9. Mitochondrion
  10. Vacuole
  11. Cytosol (fluid that contains organelles)
  12. Lysosome
  13. Centrosome
  14. Cell membrane
Micrograph o Golgi apparatus, visible as a stack o semicircular black raings near the bottom. Numerous circular vesicles can be seen in proximity tae the organelle.

The Golgi apparatus, an aa kent as the Golgi complex, Golgi body, or srmply the Golgi, is an organelle foond in maist eukaryotic cells.[1] It wis identifee'd in 1897 bi the Italian scientist Camillo Golgi an named efter him in 1898.[2]

Pairt o the endomembrane seestem in the cytoplasm, the Golgi apparatus packages proteins into membrane-boond vesicles inside the cell afore the vesicles are sent tae thair destination. The Golgi apparatus resides at the intersection o the secretor, lysosomal, and endocytic pathweys. It is o pairteecular importance in processin proteins for secretion, contrrnin a set o glycosylation enzymes that attach various succar monomers tae proteins as the proteins muive throu the apparatus.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Pavelk M, Mironov AA (2008). The Golgi Apparatus: State of the art 110 years after Camillo Golgi's discovery. Berlin: Springer. ISBN 3-211-76309-0. [page needit]
  2. Fabene PF, Bentivoglio M (1998). "1898–1998: Camillo Golgi and "the Golgi": one hundred years of terminological clones". Brain Res. Bull. 47 (3): 195–8. doi:10.1016/S0361-9230(98)00079-3. PMID 9865849.