Glaucoma

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Glaucoma
Acute angle closure glaucoma.JPG
Acute angle closure glaucoma o the person's richt eye (shawn at left). Note the mid-sized pupil, that wis non-reactive tae licht, an reidness o the white pairt o the ee.
SpecialtyOphthalmology
SymptomsVeesion loss, ee pyne, mid-dilatit pupil, reidness o the ee, nausea[1][2]
Uisual onsetGradual, or sudden[2]
Risk factorsIncreased pressur in the ee, faimily history, migraines, heich bluid pressur, obesity[1]
Diagnostic methodDilated ee examination[1]
Seemilar condeetionsUveitis, trauma, keratitis, conjunctivitis[3]
TreatmentMedication, laser, surgery[1]
Frequency6–67 million[2][4]

Glaucoma is a group o ee diseases that result in damage tae the optic nerve an veesion loss.[1] The maist common teep is appen-angle glaucoma wi less common teeps includin closed-angle glaucoma an normal-tension glaucoma.[1] Appen-angle glaucoma develops slawly ower time an thare is na pyne.[1] Side veesion mey begin tae decrease follaed bi central veesion resultin in blindness if nae treatit.[1] Closed-angle glaucoma can present gradually or suddenly.[2] The sudden presentation mey involve severe ee pyne, blurred vision, mid-dilatit pupil, reidness o the ee, an nausea.[1][2] Veesion loss frae glaucoma, ance it haes occurred, is permanent.[1]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.8 1.9 "Facts About Glaucoma". National Eye Institute. Archived frae the oreeginal on 28 March 2016. Retrieved 29 March 2016. Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (help)
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 Mantravadi, AV; Vadhar, N (September 2015). "Glaucoma". Primary Care. Saunders (Elsevier). 42 (3): 437–49. doi:10.1016/j.pop.2015.05.008. ISSN 0095-4543. PMID 26319348 – via Elsevier Science Direct. Unknown parameter |subscription= ignored (help)
  3. Ferri, Fred F. (2010). Ferri's differential diagnosis : a practical guide to the differential diagnosis of symptoms, signs, and clinical disorders (2nd ed.). Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier/Mosby. p. Chapter G. ISBN 0323076998.
  4. GBD 2015 Disease and Injury Incidence and Prevalence, Collaborators. (8 October 2016). "Global, regional, and national incidence, prevalence, and years lived with disability for 310 diseases and injuries, 1990–2015: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015". Lancet. 388 (10053): 1545–1602. PMID 27733282.