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Città di Gallarate
Kirk o Santa Maria Assunta.
Kirk o Santa Maria Assunta.
Coat of airms o Gallarate
Coat airms
Map of comune of Gallarate (province of Varese, region Lombardy, Italy).svg
Gallarate is located in Italy
Location o Gallarate in Italy
Coordinates: 45°40′N 8°48′E / 45.667°N 8.800°E / 45.667; 8.800
ProvinceVarese (VA)
 • MayorEdoardo Guenzani (PD)
 • Total20 km2 (8 sq mi)
238 m (781 ft)
 (30 November 2010)
 • Total51,668
 • Density2,600/km2 (6,700/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
Dialin code0331
Patron sauntSt. Cristopher
Saunt day25 July
WebsiteOffeecial wabsteid
Kirk o San Pietro.

Gallarate (Lombard: Galaraa) is a ceety an comune o Lombardy, northren Italy, in the Province o Varese. It haes a population o some 51,700.

It is the junction o railweys tae Varese, Laveno an Arona (for the Simplon). Some 10 kilometres tae the wast are the electric wirks o Vizzola, whaur 23,000 hp are derivit frae the river Ticino. Its territory is crossed bi the river Arnetta, an belangs tae the Ticino River Naitional Pairk.

The ceety in the first pairt o 19t century haed a strang textile industrie.

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

Foondit bi the Gauls an later conquered bi the Romans, Gallarate wis mentioned as an important vicus or veelage in documents datin back tae the Roman conquest o wha wis then cried Gallia Cisalpina. Durin the Frankish hegemony, a castle wis erectit upon the remains o the oreeginal Roman fortifications locatit beside the still existin Basilica o Santa Maria. The castle does no exist onymair, but its auncient location is identifee'd throu the ceety’s topografie an bi the street name Via Postcastello.

Efter the obliteration o Castelseprio bi Ottone Visconti in 1287, Gallarate became the caipital o the Seprio, a vast an important coonty at the time. Durin these years, Gallarate saw a period o prosperity an economic growthe that wad last for the entire reign o the Visconti’s control, which continued till the beginnin o French rule twa centuries later (1498). Documents in the Naitional Archives refer tae Gallarate as a important centre o commercial exchynge atween baith Italian an foreign mercats, pairticularly for cotton, drapes, flax an textiles. Distinguished faimilies such as the Rosnati, Reina, Masera, Palazzi, Macchi, Curioni, Mari an the Guenzati representit the nobility an the merchant clesses. This period wis notit as a time o great ceevic impruivement an the beginnin o Gallarate as a centre o industrial activity an aw.

In the late 15t century, the ceety fell unner foreign domination, initially unner the Spaingie an then unner the French (an then again Spaingie an their Austrick successors), throu the 16t an 18t centuries. In atween this poleetical instability, Gallarate became a private fief o some of the competin nobles an pouerful Italian faimilies such as the Bentivoglio, Pallavicino, Caracciolo, Altemps, Visconti, Castelbarco.

Gallarate became a pairt o the Kinrick o Italy in 1859, an receivit the honorar title o ceety wi a ryal decree on 19 Dizember 1860.

Bi the latter hauf o the 19t century modren industrie haed begun tae take ower mony auries o Italy. In a few decades, Gallarate became an important industrial ceety. This period wis markit bi hivy social tensions an aw brocht aboot bi the rapid poleetical an economic chynges wrocht bi Gallarate’s awn industrial revolution. Nouadays, Gallarate’s industrial structur nae langer includes these giant industrial pouerhooses o the past. Their existence, housomeivver, is still markit oot bi the presence o the heich chimneys, which are still visible alang Gallarate’s skyline. Mony o the auld Liberty-style biggins, whaur thoosans of Gallaratesi wirkit durin the past century-an-a-hauf, hae been turned intae new modren multi-level shoppin centres an plazas.

Main sichts[eedit | eedit soorce]

  • Romanesque kirk o St. Peter. It wis built in the 11t-13t centuries, includin some Gothic elements. The interior haes a nave athoot aisles. The façade, the apse an the sides are characterisit bi arcades supportit bi smaw columns formin a fak loggia. It wis declared naitional monument in 1844
  • Baroque kirk o Sant'Antonio Abate
  • Sanctuar o Madonna di Campagna, datin tae the early 17t century.
  • Kirk o San Zenone (18t century)
  • Kirk o San Rocco (16t century)
  • Historical pharmacy Dahò, whaur the carbonari uised tae hide in the 19t century.

Economy[eedit | eedit soorce]

Air Italy haed its heid office in Gallarate.[1] In the 19t an 20t centuries Gallarate wis an important centre for textile industrie. Nou it is a local hub for transport an heich-tech industries.

Eddication[eedit | eedit soorce]

The Sistema Bibliotecario Consortile Antonio Panizzi haes its main offices in Gallarate.[2] The seestem operates the Biblioteca Civica " Luigi Majno " in Gallarate.[3] Gallarate is the seat o the Aloysianum an aw, a umwhile Jesuit college, which is nou a Jesuit cultural centre wi an important leebrar. Carlo Maria Martini spent thare the vera last years o his life.

Transport[eedit | eedit soorce]

Gallarate railwey station, opened in 1860, is the junction o the railwey lines Domodossola–Milan, Luino–Milan an Porto Ceresio–Milan.

The station is stop for several lang-runnin trains (Eurocity frae Milan tae Geneva an Basel), o regional trains frae Milan tae Domodossola, an o line S5 o Milan suburban railwey service, as well o line S30 of Ticino railwey netwirk.

Gallarate is vera close tae the Internaitional Airport o Malpensa an aw.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "Work with Air Italy Archived 2011-08-22 at the Wayback Machine." Air Italy. Retrieved on 27 February 2010.
  2. "Contatti." Sistema Bibliotecario Consortile Antonio Panizzi. Retrieved on 18 January 2011. "Piazza S. Lorenzo, 5 21013 Gallarate (VA)."
  3. "Gallarate." Sistema Bibliotecario Consortile Antonio Panizzi. Retrieved on 19 January 2011. "Piazza S. Lorenzo, 5 - 21013 Gallarate (VA)"

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]

  • Offeecial wabsteid (in Italian)
  • Public Domain This airticle incorporates text frae a publication nou in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "article name needed". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. Cite has empty unkent parameters: |HIDE_PARAMETER15=, |HIDE_PARAMETER13=, |HIDE_PARAMETER14c=, |HIDE_PARAMETER14=, |HIDE_PARAMETER9=, |HIDE_PARAMETER3=, |HIDE_PARAMETER1=, |HIDE_PARAMETER4=, |HIDE_PARAMETER2=, |HIDE_PARAMETER8=, |HIDE_PARAMETER20=, |HIDE_PARAMETER5=, |HIDE_PARAMETER7=, |HIDE_PARAMETER10=, |separator=, |HIDE_PARAMETER14b=, |HIDE_PARAMETER6=, |HIDE_PARAMETER11=, and |HIDE_PARAMETER12= (help)CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)