Friedrich II, Landgrave o Hesse-Kassel

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Friedrich II
Johann Heinrich Tischbein - Retrato del Landgrave Federico II de Hesse-Kassel.jpg
Landgrave o Hesse-Kassel
Ring1 Februar 1760 –
31 October 1785
PredecessorWilliam VIII
SuccessorWilliam IX
Born14 August 1720
Kassel
Dee'd31 October 1785 (aged 65)
Kassel
SpousePrincess Mary o Great Breetain (1740 - 1772)
Margravine Philippine o Brandenburg-Schwedt (1773)
IssuePrince William
William I, Elector o Hesse
Prince Charles
Prince Frederick
HooseHesse
FaitherWilliam VIII, Landgrave o Hesse-Kassel
MitherPrincess Dorothea Wilhelmina o Saxe-Zeitz
ReleegionRoman Catholicism,
prev. Calvinism

Friedrich II, Landgrave o Hesse-Kassel (14 August 1720 – 31 October 1785) was Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel (or Hesse-Cassel) frae 1760 tae 1785. He ruled as an enlightened despot, and raised money by renting soldiers (cried "Hessians") tae Great Breetain tae help fight the American Revolutionary War. He combined Enlightenment ideas with Christian values, cameralist plans for central control o the economy, and a militaristic approach toward international diplomacy.[1]

First mairiage[eedit | eedit soorce]

On 8 Mey 1740, bi proxy in London, an on 28 Juin 1740 in person in Kassel, Frederick mairit Princess Mary, dochteer o Keeng George II o Great Breetain an Caroline o Ansbach. Thay haed issue.

Issue[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Wilhelm (25 December 1741 – 1 Julie 1742)
  2. William I, Elector o Hesse (3 Juin 1743 – 27 Februar 1821)
  3. Karl (19 December 1744 – 17 August 1836)
  4. Frederick (11 September 1747 – 20 Mey 1837), faither o Prince William o Hesse-Kassel an grandfaither o Queen Louise o Denmark.

Seicont mairiage[eedit | eedit soorce]

Mary deed in 1772, an on 10 Januar 1773, at Berlin, he mairit Margravine Philippine, dochter o Friedrich Wilhelm, Margrave o Brandenburg-Schwedt an Sophia Dorothea o Proushie. Thay haed nae issue.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Charles W. Ingrao, The Hessian Mercenary State: Ideas, Institutions, and Reform under Frederick II, 1760–1785 (2003)